Thursday, 6 August 2020

David Bowie




Where do I begin with David Bowie? On the 6th of July in 1972 when I saw him on Top Of The Pops doing Starman. I was thirteen years old. He was completely new to me. funnily enough, I had no memory of Space Oddity from 1969, despite knowing a lot of chart songs from back to the mid-late sixties. That one had strangely passed me by. Now, in 1972, though, I was like many, fascinated by what I saw on the TV. Contrary to many people's experience, who found their parents despising him and his glam/androgynous appearance, my Mother loved him. A few months later I was really into the John, I'm Only Dancing single and my relationship with David Bowie was taking its first baby steps.


In December 1972, I have this memory (included in my Aladdin Sane review). The Jean Genie single, with its killer riff, had crashed into our collective consciousnesses back in those dark winter weeks. I distinctly remember one evening at my youth club in Aylesbury, Bucks and one of the other boys came running up to me, beside himself with excitement - "what do you think of David Bowie?" he breathlessly enquired. The boy was Pete Trewavas, later to achieve fame as the bass player in Marillion. Sorry about that anecdote but it is true and I always remember it. I went out and bought The Jean Genie the next day with my paper round money.

For more information on David Bowie's history at my local music club when growing up, Friars, Aylesbury, check out the excellent https://www.aylesburyfriars.co.uk.

  

Do I really need to say any more about this remarkable artist who I stuck with, through his various changes of appearance and musical style for over forty more years until his tragic death on 10 January 2016. Several artists have provided a soundtrack to my life, not just David Bowie, but none so varied, so creative. He truly was one of the greatest artists of his time, or indeed of any time.



This is where it all began for David Bowie, initially with a seemingly endless supply of frankly bizarre, often child-like songs that did their best to hide his latent genius. A couple of perplexing years were followed by two excellent albums, however, which are now recognised as the truly beguiling pieces of work they were. Here we go, then - the great David Bowie, from the beginning.

THE EARLY YEARS (1967-1970)

DAVID BOWIE (1967)


Uncle Arthur/Sell Me A Coat/Rubber Band/Love You Till Tuesday/There Is A Happy Land/We Are Hungry Men/When I Live My Dream/Little Bombardier/Silly Boy Blue/Come And Buy My Toys/Join The Gang/She's Got Medals/Maid Of Bond Street/Please Mr. Gravedigger

Firstly, this review is just a matter of personal taste. As the owner of everything David Bowie has released in various formats, obviously, I felt the "completist" need to own this amalgamation of David Bowie's first album and several other previously released and unreleased songs from his "pre-fame", pre-Space Oddity era, mainly 1966-1969.

Firstly, I have to say that the sound is absolutely FANTASTIC. excellent remastering throughout. Clear, sharp and certainly bassy enough to keep a bass addict like me happy.



Secondly. The songs. Therein lies the problem. I simply cannot get into these odd, slightly childish, whimsical "lovable Cockney" ditties. I just find them silly and irritating. Uncle Arthur is at times unnerving and disturbing. The jaunty, breezy, "da-da-da-dum" sixties pop of Love You Till Tuesday is passable, as is the sweeping sixties strings-backed When I Live My Dream, I suppose, but not much else. You have to dig deeper, and I have attempted to do that as the review progresses. As I have done so, When I Live My Dream actually (and surprisingly) gets better and better, proving itself to be a really good song.

Incidentally, for many, myself included, their first experience of most of these songs was on the Decca compilation entitled The World Of David Bowie

Anyway, back to the David Bowie version. In the interests of fairness, I must attempt to re-assess the album. While it is easy to routinely dismiss this admittedly bizarre collection of songs as “vaudeville”“music hall” and Anthony Newley-inspired”, I guess they are worth a little more attention than that. They are very much the product of their era - the wry lyrics about various characters on the margins of accepted society are very Kinks-esque and also carry echoes of Syd Barrett’s Pink Floyd. Some of the songs are a bit See Emily Play and Arnold Layne in their feel, particularly There Is A Happy Land and the slightly psychedelic romp of Join The Gang. There is also a very 1967 vibe to Maid Of Bond Street, which is one of the album's better numbers.

Then, of course, there is the massive shadow of The Beatles. How many people know that this album was released on the same day as Sgt. Pepper? Indeed, Nicholas Pegg in his biography of Bowie, The Complete David Bowie, opines, probably correctly, that those who dismiss this album’s songs as twee or vaudeville are the same that hail When I’m Sixty-Four and Being For The Benefit Of Mr. Kite as works of inspired genius. Similarly those that condemned the oompah brass and references to bandstand brass bands of Rubber Band lapped up the same concept The Beatles used a few months later. Could this song actually have inspired the Sgt. Pepper concept? It is certainly not beyond the realms of possibility.

The Rolling Stones were also doing circus-inspired stuff on Satanic Majesties, along with silly voices like those that appeared on We Are Hungry Men. Their Between The Buttons album had its share of that sort of thing too. I’m thinking of Something Happened To Me YesterdayOn With The Show and the jauntiness of Yesterday’s Papers. I can easily envisage the latter song being on this album.


The album also contains quite a few military references dotted around - bombardier, medals, bombs, serving in the army, coming out of the army, the Nazi in We Are Hungry Men and the like - and this is not surprising, as the Second World War was only just over twenty years previous. As a child in the sixties, all our games were war ones - the war was something often talked about, by everyone.

So, oddball character-driven songs and music hall whimsical fun was very much the order of the day, so maybe Bowie doesn’t deserve quite the level of opprobrium that has been thrown his way over this album. That said, I still can’t bring myself to really like the songs, and neither, it seems could Bowie himself, calling it “cringey” and “musically bizarre”. He admitted he didn’t really know what he was trying to achieve. I can see some pointers to the near future in the acoustic, folky feel of many of the songs and, lyrically, We Are Hungry Men has plenty of signposts to the future in its many dystopian, disturbing references. Indeed, under those twee melodies lie some dark lyrics on disturbed nostalgia ones like There Is A Happy Land and Silly Boy Blue, the post-war social comment of the surprisingly Brechtian Little Bombardier, the bleak Sell Me A Coat and the seemingly wistful, guitar-picking folk of Come And Buy My Toys.

By the way, properly check out the utterly bizarre We Are Hungry Men, a Revolver-era Beatles-esque song detailing Bowie's very tongue in cheek theories on how to solve the problem of global over-population. It is definitely one of his all-time weirdest songs. Rock it up a bit with a more powerful production, though, and you could envisage it on The Man Who Sold The World, funnily enough. The song is full of eyebrow-raising, perplexing moments - "We will turn a blind eye to infanticide" has to be one of Bowie's most intriguing lines. Another odd song is the rocky She's Got Medals, about a butch lesbian in the army. Most fascinating. The vocal-only Please Mr. Gravedigger, complete with thunder and rain sound effects, is also quite, shall we say, eccentric.

The photo below, from 1967, shows not a boy-next-door sixties popster but an innovative, developing artist/performer.



One thing that Bowie thankfully jettisoned was his witty approach, exemplified in the wise-cracking of the non-album single The Laughing Gnome and the quip at the end of Love You Till Tuesday. Throwaway wit did not really suit Bowie and he clearly soon recognised this, going the other way, towards seriousness and, dare I say, at times an arch pretension.

Nicholas Pegg says that the album has stood up to its detractors with a dignified sweetness and, while I can sort of accept that, I still don’t have much time for it. Although I have been trying hard to alter my point of view, periodically, since I bought it as a fourteen year-old in 1973 there are, for me at least, many, many more odd and occasionally embarrassing moments than there are portentous, promising ones. I am sure that Bowie himself, if his quotes are to be respected, would concur with that view.

Some of the subsequent songs, from 68-69, are better, however - particularly the appealing and interesting London Bye Ta Ta (apparently titled after hearing a West Indian bid someone goodbye while in London one day), which has two versions - a sweeping, atmospheric strings-backed one dating from 1968 and a rockier one from 1970 that utilised Marc Bolan on guitar and Rick Wakeman on piano. As a rock fan I prefer the latter, but the former is beguilingly lovely in its jauntily upbeat way. The song was penned in as a single, before being replaced, possibly unfairly, by The Prettiest Star. The song was not that far removed in atmosphere from Conversation Piece, which heralded the Space Oddity era. It was in a song like this that a maturing David Bowie was emerging.

The (comparatively) far more punchy and rocky Let Me Sleep Beside You, the psychedelic romance of In The Heat Of Morning, The London Boys (thematically plagiarised several years later by old mate Marc Bolan) and the trippy Karma Man are also acceptable songs and give a slight hint as to the glories that lay ahead, but not too much. 

  

The "ironic" hit The Laughing Gnome is included among the non-album songs, of course, and I have to admit to a weakness for the singles's "B" Side, the mildly psychedelic slow, insistent groove of The Gospel According To Tony Day. I remember as a teenage Bowie fan in 1973 buying The Laughing Gnome, though, and trying to accept that it was "ironic" in a sort of Pythonesque way when deep down I just thought "what the hell". 

Overall, though, listening to this material, it is almost incomprehensible to wonder upon just how David Bowie became, well, David Bowie. Looking for little hints of potential future greatness here and there is all very well but it is a bit of a futile exercise as Bowie has stated himself - "picking through the peppercorns of my manure pile..". Probably the most reasonable approach to have towards the album is that it is a work-in-progress from an artist-in-progress.

I make no apologies for this early batch of Bowie material not being my thing, read on and the reviews became for more of a labour of love, as my love for him properly starts with the next album. 

More interesting and far more credible are a few tracks that have been unearthed from the pre-1967 days, when Bowie was in the group David Jones And The Lower Third and also Davie Jones And The King Bees - the bluesy rock of Liza Jane and Louie Louie Go Back Home, the Who-influenced You've Got A Habit Of Leaving and the solid mid-sixties pop/rock of Can't Help Thinking About Me. All these tracks are, as far as I am concerned, superior to the 1967 material.

SPACE ODDITY (1969)


Space Oddity/Unwashed And Somewhat Slightly Dazed/Letter To Hermione/Cygnet Committee/Janine/An Occasional Dream/The Wild Eyed Boy From Freecloud/God Knows I'm Good/Memory Of A Free Festival 

David Bowie released this album in the wake of the unexpected number one hit Space Oddity, with its space travel narrative that perfectly dovetailed with the moon landings that summer. The album didn't achieve any comparative lift-off, however, as the single was totally unique and Bowie's often dense, rambling excursions into folk, vague psychedelia and nostalgic hippiness just didn't catch on with the mainstream music-buying public. Despite the kudos of having a number one single, Bowie's journey to possible stardom was beset by pitfalls. This was another in (at the time) a seemingly long list of them. It was almost as if he was fighting within himself as to what he wanted to become. Was he staying back in 1966-67 or was he futuristically looking to 1972-73? The album fully reflects that schizophrenia and artistic turmoil. 

Many people bought this, however, as I did, in 1973, upon its re-packaging (with the Ziggy-like hair cover) in the slipstream of the success of Hunky DoryZiggy Stardust and Aladdin Sane. To be honest, many of us teenagers didn't quite know what to make of it.

Originally released in 1969, though, it was more than just a vehicle for the chart-topping, now legendary, and totally unique title track as it was an album that had much more to it than that, it showed a lot of unrealised potential, albeit surrounded by some patchiness. 
                              
Space Oddity was a track that now needs no introduction. as mentioned earlier, it tapped into the whole moon landing thing and was a huge success. It was also notable for the first major recorded use of the stylophone - a gimmicky musical instrument that provided the slightly electronic, morse-code sound in the backing. It is simply massively atmospheric, haunting and actually heartbreakingly sad if you think of old Major Tom floating around for eternity up in space.

Even though the album is to a certain extent a patchy one, there is some surprisingly good other stuff on it, particularly on this impressive new remastering. Just check out the psychedelic-influenced rock of Unwashed And Somewhat Slightly Dazed. I have found I now listen to this through new ears, so to speak. I always thought that the searing guitar solo was Mick Ronson's first contribution but it was in fact played by Tim Renwick. The bluesy harmonica throughout the track was played by Benny Marshall



The way the song starts with its gentle "spy, spy pretty girl" line sung over a floaty acoustic guitar backing makes you think that it is another dreamy song like those Bowie recorded in 1967-68, but within a few minutes a huge clunking, bluesy rock rhythm had kicked in, making it Bowie's heaviest song to date. It has thoroughly bizarre lyrics though - "I'm a phallus in pigtails...". Hmmm. The lyrics also mention a "credit card" - unusual for 1969. As I said, it is also pretty much Bowie's first true rock track. It is a good one. 

Incidentally, the brief Don't Sit Down improvised vocal fun at the very end is sometimes credited as being a track in its own right, which is probably a bit pointless. 

Letter To Hermione was a genuine love song from Bowie to one of his first loves, one Hermione Farthingale , whom he eventually split up with due to his self-confessed promiscuity. It is a gentle, tender, very loving acoustic number that sees the composer/singer laying his soul bare. "I'm not quite sure what you're supposed to say.." sees a singer in emotional confusion. He mentions Hermione's new lover, slightly jealously, but eventually settles for the sensitive compromise of "I'll just write some love to you..." he plaintively declares over a deliciously played acoustic guitar backing. In all his career, you never get Bowie being so sincere and disarming. It is a very beautiful song.

The lengthy, weird narrative that seems to signal the end of "hippydom" of Cygnet Committee sounds completely revitalised on remasters such as the 2009 one (the 2015 messes up the introductory bass line). It is a remarkable track - acoustic yet aggressive in its multifarious lyrical mysteries. It never lets up in its insistent verbal attack and its backing is solid and resounding as opposed to airy and "hippy". It is a true early Bowie classic and a little-mentioned one. I feel it would have fitted in well on The Man Who Sold The World, but it certainly raises the quality here. At nine minutes long, it never gets tiring. It is up there with The Bewlay Brothers and Quicksand as one of Bowie's most haunting, mysterious and perplexing songs.

Also sounding great are the winsome, folky strains of  Janine. Check out that crystal clear, razor-sharp acoustic guitar. What exactly is/was a "Polish wanderer", I wonder? This song harks back to some of Bowie's 1967-68 material, in many ways.


An Occasional Dream also fits the acoustic late sixties folkiness of parts of the album. It is similar to Letter To Hermione in that is a peaceful, Cat Stevens-ish acoustic number that finds Bowie singing of "a Swedish room of hessian and wood". It is appealingly melodic with a nice gently rhythmic backing to Bowie's soft, airy voice. Tony Visconti contributes a fetching flute solo. It is another quiet but very appealing song, one I have always liked.

The Wild Eyed Boy From Freecloud was an extremely strange, folk tale of the imprisoned wild eyed boy, rotting away in jail. It is melodramatic and overwrought. There was an operatic grandeur about it - packed to the brim with instrumentation - brass, cello, flute and harp are all in there. Producer and musician Tony Visconti loved it, considering it one of his finest achievements and indeed many fans love it too. While I have always loved the narrative tale and story of it, I have also found it just a little overdone.

Even stranger was God Knows I'm Good, once again a folky, acoustic song concerning a sad old lady who steals a tin of stewing steak from a grocery store. It is just not the sort of song you would expect from David Bowie - he didn't do many "real life", "kitchen sink drama" type songs after all. For that reason it sits very incongruously amongst his post-1968 output. It doesn't really fit on this album either.

 

Finally, there is the magnificently trippy Memory Of A Free Festival where "Peter talked with tall Venusians..". Far out, man. "Bliss" all around. This song has Bowie telling of a festival he helped organise, or probably singing of how he fantasised it would have been, (but of course never was, apparently he spent most of it arguing about things that irked him). There is a mix of idealised memories and sci-fi-inspired fantasy.

It is packed full of an atmosphere that the actual festival probably lacked and ends with the repeated chant of "the sun machine is coming down and we're gonna have a party". It is all cornily "hippy" but I can't help but love it. Was Bowie possibly being a bit tongue in cheek and cynically dismissive about the hippy counter culture as he saw it about to be replaced by other ones? Was it all a bit of a send-up? Maybe, for there is a disguised cynicism lying beneath the lyrics - "we claimed the very source of joy ran through - it didn't but it seemed that way...". The reference to the Venusians was a "spacey" one that pointed to the future, though. So, while it was a reflective song of possibly false nostalgia, it also carried a look to the future. Even then, and I know it is a dreadful cliché, Bowie always seemed to be one step ahead.

There is an extended "remix" of the song on the 30th Anniversary edition that adds a strange echoey sound to Bowie's vocal on the introductory verses giving it an ethereal sound, and the other instrumentation is considerably "oomphed" and enhanced. The fade out chorus is far more powerful and the voices more distinct and vibrant. It is an enjoyable mix, but I probably prefer the sparser, more home-produced charm of the original, which sort of mirrored the same qualities that the festival had. There is also the "single mix" of the song, which considerably "rocks it up" with powerful, chunky riffs, with loads more guitar, solid drums, new keyboard sounds and a general level of punch not heard on the original. The song is divided in to two halves, Part 1 and Part 2, the latter being just the choral fade out. It is enhanced with some excellent electric guitar, though. Who is that on guitar? Yes, it's Mick Ronson, making his first appearance with Bowie. There is a fair case for these two rock versions being the best incarnations of the song.

Below refers to a track from the sessions that didn't make it on to the album:-

Conversation Piece was a rejected song from the 1969 Space Oddity sessions. It is a pleasant, melodic, wistful number with Bowie's voice sounding very much like it did on some of the plaintive 1966-68 recordings. It contains some beguiling lyrics - "I live above a grocer's store owned by an Austrian". It is largely acoustically driven with a fetching rhythmic beat to it. The drums were apparently played by a session drummer whose identity has been long forgotten. It was not Space Oddity drummer John Cambridge, but a jazz musician whose identity remains unknown, which may help to account for the unusually rhythmic groove.

It underwent a remix in 2019 which has given it far more bass oomph and a general warmth of ambience that makes it a more attractive number. "My essays lying scattered on the floor..." sings Bowie. Was he recalling some past student days?

The song was also re-recorded for the discarded Toy sessions in 2000 and is much slower in pace, with none of the breezy joie de vivre of the original and a considerably more sonorous Bowie vocal.

Finally, I have always preferred the “Ziggy hair” cover shown at the start of this review that was used when it was re-released in 1973 (which was when I bought it), however - that was the cover I grew up with. 

The cover that has been re-used on all subsequent re-releases are shown below. These were the album's original images, however, it has to be noted, so they were the ones that people who bought it in 1969 would have been familiar with. The rear cover seems to depict various characters/images from the album's songs and, notably the Pierrot figure seen comforting the old woman from God Knows I'm Good is an early incarnation of the persona that would be used some twenty years later on the video for Ashes To Ashes.

  

SPACE ODDITY: THE TONY VISCONTI 2019 REMIX 

 

Space Oddity/Unwashed And Somewhat Slightly Dazed/Letter To Hermione/Cygnet Committee/Janine/An Occasional Dream/The Wild Eyed Boy From Freecloud/Conversation Piece/God Knows I'm Good/Memory Of A Free Festival  

Like the latest Bob Ludwig remaster on The Rolling Stones’ Let It Bleed, this new Tony Visconti “remix’ of David Bowie’s 1969 album leaves one listening over and over, desperately trying to find some obvious differences from the previous release of the same album. The thing is, the new remasters/remixes are trying to put a new coat of paint on something that is already more than shiny enough. The previous Let It Bleed was more than acceptable and the 2009 one of Space Oddity is too (although the later 2015 revealed several sonic imperfections, surprisingly)

I am a big fan of Visconti, however, and I really loved his work on Low“Heroes" and Lodger, and also on several T. Rex albums. Here his enhancements are not quite so clear. They are there, though. Like on Let It Bleed, it is the case that the bass is a bit more warm, fuller and “rubbery” - the riffs a little bit chunkier and the acoustic guitars sharper. There is just something of an overall more punch and “oomph”. Maybe. Actually, yes there is but it is not incredibly discernible, but to the familiar ear it will be apparent, I am sure. It is to me, with each listen.

Space Oddity has a few vocal echoes on the initial "lift off" bit and some new percussion sounds floating around (like a tin can) here and there (far above the world). Some spacey sound effects appear as well. The track does not "fade in" as the original one did and develops a big bassy thump on the chorus parts. Some more echoes come in one the "can you hear me Major Tom" part too. Oddly, though, the new remix neither fades in nor fades out, yet both this and the 20215 remaster last 5:20.




I feel that Visconti has possibly tried to make the album sound more of a closer relative to the comparatively heavy The Man Who Sold The World, which he produced, than it was before, particularly on the two lengthier, heavier, proggier tracks of Unwashed And Somewhat Slightly Dazed and the monumental Cygnet Committee. Listen to the power of the guitar/drums on the former and the lovely bass on the latter. Both songs now sound wonderfully massive. Cygnet Committee is just such a superb track anyway. The hiss behind the introductory bass has gone on the new remix as well.

The “Don’t Sit Down” interlude is not on the new remix, by the way. The bass on Letter To Hermione is rumblingly beautiful and the new mix is not quite so sonorously echoey.

The acoustic guitars on the winsome Janine and the underrated An Occasional Dream are crystal clear and Janine has a gorgeous bass now. Check out that orchestration on The Wild Eyed Boy From Freecloud too.

The beguiling, appealing Conversation Piece has now been added to the album, between The Wild Eyed Boy From Freecloud and God Knows I’m Good, making the album an even better one. Its 2019 remix, once again, has more bass warmth to it. Memory Of A Free Festival had an “alternative mix” that appeared on the 40th Anniversary release in 2009. This remixed version is not that one and does not differ as radically from the original.

This album is no longer a quirky “early” album, it is finally being recognised for the solid piece of varied, burgeoning creativity that it was. This contemporary tinkering with it has been positive as far as I am concerned. I have known this album since 1972 and, nearly fifty years later I find I am still discovering new charms hidden within it. This remix allows me to do that even more. I’m happy with that.



The picture is from the "Free Festival" in Beckenham in 1969. Angie Bowie is, I believe, in the white blouse and red trousers. Bowie played in the bandstand behind. Then the sun machine came down...



THE MAN WHO SOLD THE WORLD (1970)


The Width Of A Circle/All The Madmen/Black Country Rock/After All/Running Gun Blues/Saviour Machine/She Shook Me Cold/The Man Who Sold The World/The Supermen    

Perhaps even more overlooked than its predecessor, Space Oddity, this was by far Bowie's "heaviest" album. Led Zeppelin and Free were strutting all around in 1970-71 so I guess Bowie felt the need to go heavy too. Pity that his reedy voice couldn’t really match the heavy backing in the way that Robert Plant’s or Paul Rodgers’ could, though. Nevertheless, this is still a little-mentioned gem. Musically it is excellent, Tony Visconti's production similarly so. Mick Ronson and Mick Woodmansey from the future Spiders From Mars are in place now, with Visconti on bass. This was, to all intents and purposes, despite the album's lack of hit singles, the start of Bowie's classic seventies period that would lead to super-stardom in a matter of years.
                                      
The album's music is a pretty relentless attack of blues rock mixed with a bit of slightly psychedelic folk rock. Mick Ronson's guitar leads the way with some excellent riffing and yes, Bowie's voice is affected and the lyrics often bizarre, psychological and futuristic but there is still a lot of appeal to the album's unsettling feeling. Apparently, according to Tony Visconti -

"the songs were written by all four of us. We'd jam in a basement, and Bowie would just say whether he liked them or not."

The impression was that Bowie would swan around, tired actor-like, coming and going and occasionally putting some idiosyncratic lyrics to the music. Bowie himself has disputed this, getting annoyed at the suggestion that he didn't write all the songs in their entirety, musically and lyrically. That said, however, he also said that the Young Americans album was created in a fashion similar to the one Visconti described, albeit with a probably more committed Bowie. Either way, I guess it doesn't really matter, because the finished product is actually highly cohesive and credible.
  
On to the music itself. The new 2015 remastering is top notch. It has a great bass sound on the wonderful, drawn-out intro to the truly magnificent, eight minute The Width Of A Circle . This one of Bowie's first true drawn-out beguiling classics. The drums and Tony Visconti’s impressive bass are to the fore on this track. It builds up slowly with some enticing bass and crystal clear acoustic guitar before some seriously heavy drums kick in, followed by Mick Ronson's marvellously cutting guitar, which is all over the track. It is definitely Bowie's heaviest number thus far.

Lyrically, it is the usual encyclopaedia of references, pronouncements and images, including mystic philosopher Kahlil Gibran and Bowie telling us that "God's young man too". It is a veritable cornucopia of all sorts of stuff and multiple changes of musical pace and ambience. 

A memory of it, for me, as a young Bowie fan in the seventies, was seeing the documentary Cracked Actor, I think, advertised with a clip from Hammersmith in 1973 of Bowie singing the line "my knees were shaking, my cheeks aflame.." from this song.



(Bowie is shown above in 1970 with Swedish journalist Bosse Hansen). 

Back to the album. Insanity is a theme that runs right through the heart of this album and it is central to the sad, haunting All The Madmen, initially backed by flute and acoustic guitar but breaking out with some solid drums, heavy rock guitar and that big, rumbling Visconti bass again. Bowie has said that it was written directly about, and for, his half-brother Terry.

It was another heavy track that clearly showed Bowie's new direction. It also has an impressive synthesiser riff (Mick Ronson plays both lead guitar and synthesiser). There is something of The Beatles' late sixties work in the chants and noises in the final fade out. 
  
Black Country RockAnother heavy backing is to be found on this T. Rex-ish rock number. Bowie intentionally wanted to sound like Bolan. At the time he felt himself the inferior of his friend and wanted to musically emulate him. Visconti contributes a rubbery bass line, especially near the end.

On After All the subject of mental health is visited again, even more so, in this quirky, asylum-inspired acoustic number, with its oddball, haunting "oh by jingo" chanted refrain. The Space Oddity stylophone makes a re-appearance. There is a very Beatles-esque pipe organ (moog synthesiser?) part in the middle. It is a genuinely disturbing song in many ways, full of atmosphere, though, and seems to be another example of Bowie's post-hippy disillusion. Running Gun Blues has Bowie starting in a plaintive voice similar to that he used in the 1966-67 period until it launches into a chugging piece of solid, heavy rock. Ronson's strong guitar lines and some muscular drums kick it firmly along.



Saviour Machine "fades in" and is another heavily-backed rock song but with some of the feel of the Space Oddity material about it, together with a vague hint of Big Brother from Diamond Dogs, particularly in the saxophone (?) break in the middle. Ronson's guitar solo is very early seventies in its style. Again, it is full of excellent guitar, bass and drums. Bowie's voice, despite its high pitch, is also getting stronger and stronger and able to cope with this heavier rock sound. 

She Shook Me Cold was definitely album's heaviest track. It is influenced by Jeff Beck and Jimi Hendrix, while there are hints of Led Zeppelin in there, in more than just the title. Apparently Bowie recorded it as a concession to Ronson and drummer Mick Woodmansey, who were into this sort of heavy jamming thing. The guitar and drum interplay at the end is excellent and by far the heaviest passage of any Bowie track. 

The Man Who Sold The World was a change in pace and style from the rest of the album, being a catchy melodic rock number with a hoarse-sounding, echoey vocal from Bowie, some infectious "cheese-grater" percussion, stunning bass lines and an addictive refrain. What was it all about? There are many theories. My late mother, who was a Bowie fan in her late forties at the time, insisted it was about Jesus Christ. I have not seen that interpretation anywhere, but I kind of like my Mum's take on it, and could see what she meant - "you must have died alone, a long long time ago...". Hmm. Maybe.

The Supermen is a mysterious, brooding, atmospheric track to end the album on. Bowie would return to acoustic, folky rock for the next album, Hunky Dory, and we would never hear him play material like this again.

There was also a re-recorded version of The Supermen that was laid down in 1971It doesn't have the big, rolling, tympani-style drums of the original nor the sonorous backing vocals. Neither is Bowie's vocal anywhere near so mannered or theatrically high-pitched. This alternate version is pretty Ziggy in many ways, featuring gentle acoustic verses and a far more melodic, tender vocal from Bowie before a big Mick Ronson guitar interjection leads into a robust, solid, riffy chorus. It is very Spiders in its instrumentation and indeed, this is the version Bowie would subsequently play live. Which do I prefer? Both have good points, but if I had to make a choice at gun-point, it would always be this rocky alternate version.

Holy Holy was originally recorded in 1970 and in this form it is a very sixties-sounding, early T. Rex-influenced number, driven along mainly by Herbie Flowers' inventive bass, drums and backing vocals with the lead guitar considerably down in the mix and featuring a very typically late sixties Bowie vocal. it sounds in this form a lot like the final, superior material from the stuff that appeared on the Deluxe Edition of David Bowie, once Bowie had started to record some credible songs. It was actually released as a single and duly disappeared without trace. It was re-recorded for the Ziggy Stardust sessions (see that album's review for comments on that version).

Incidentally, I much prefer the black and white “high kick” cover (shown at the beginning of this review) that we had in the UK when this was re-released in 1972 to the “man in a dress” one now used. That was the one I grew up with, as I said for the 1973 cover of Space Oddity. Yes I know the picture is from the Ziggy era, but for me the album is always that black cover with the circle of vinyl wear showing through. That is how I remember is when I retrospectively got into it in the summer of 1973. The US cartoon-ish cover artwork featured below is, quite frankly, bizarre. Apparently, Bowie had used this image before, in his Beckenham Arts Lab days. The black and white cover seems to suit the album's ambience much better, I feel. The various covers are all shown below.

 

 

  

THE GLAM ROCK YEARS (1971-1974)



As everyone knows, these were the years when it all took off for David Bowie. For many, myself included, this was the classic Bowie era. Writing about it is a labour of love.

HUNKY DORY (1971)


Changes/Oh! You Pretty Things/Eight Line Poem/Life On Mars?/Kooks/Quicksand/Fill Your Heart/Andy Warhol/Song For Bob Dylan/Queen Bitch/The Bewlay Brothers   

Personally, I got into Hunky Dory in the early summer of 1973, after having bought Ziggy Stardust and Aladdin Sane previously. At fourteen, I was now retrospectively starting to explore Bowie's music. After the "heavy" vibe of 1970's comparatively unsuccessful The Man Who Sold The World, David Bowie returned to his often-favoured acoustic poppy approach used in his early sixties recordings for 1971's breakthrough Hunky Dory album. This time, however, he married folky acoustic sounds with a streetwise rock edge, provided mainly by Mick Ronson's searing lead guitar. 

Bowie described himself on the rear cover as "the actor" (produced by Ken Scott, "assisted by the actor"), and this gives a hint as to the theatrical, bohemian approach this deceptively light album would take. It is full of poetry, kitsch, mannerisms, indistinct sexuality and a few tributes to Bowie's musical/cultural influences in The Velvet UndergroundBob Dylan and Andy Warhol

Bowie said of the album in an interview with "Uncut"'s Chris Roberts in 1999 -

“….Hunky Dory gave me a fabulous groundswell. I guess it provided me, for the first time in my life, with an actual audience – I mean, people actually coming up to me and saying, 'Good album, good songs.' That hadn't happened to me before. It was like, 'Ah, I'm getting it, I'm finding my feet. I'm starting to communicate what I want to do. Now - what is it I want to do?' There was always a double whammy there….”.

What happened subsequently was really quite a change from this album, particularly in the stylistic creation of "Ziggy Stardust".

  

The album starts with Changes, this now-iconic number on which guest pianist Rick Wakeman leads things off, augmented by Bowie's slightly tongue-in-cheek lyrics and an absolute killer hook of a chorus. All the dense, heavy intensity of the previous album was thrown off as Bowie developed an appealing light, airy pop sensibility. Lyrically, it deals with some quite philosophical themes about "turning to face the strange" amidst "impermanence" and berating of the previous generation in "where's your shame you've left us up to our necks in it..". So what's new - the same accusation is made by every generation.  Of course, the song's title has proved to be an apt one to apply to Bowie himself when talking of his constantly re-invented image over the years.

Surprisingly, it was a complete flop as a single yet subsequently is a song that everyone knows and is an obvious choice in any "best of Bowie" lists. 

The piano and pop feel is continued on Oh! You Pretty Things, (covered, strangely, as a single by Peter Noone of Herman's Hermits fame). I remember at the time, when I first heard the track thinking "oh that's that Peter Noone song"!. Noone took it to number 12 in the charts. It is a lively, singalong song that hides a dark set of quasi-philosophical lyrics. This was not really obvious on Noone's poppy version of it  and only slightly more on Bowie's version. The generation gap thing from Changes is also expressed on this song too - "you're driving your mommas and poppas insane..."

"You gotta make way for the homo superior..." was a giggle-worthy line for me and many of my early secondary school friends. 

Eight Line Poem was an oddly addictive short track that has Bowie almost narrating the poem's (surprising) nine lines over a sparse guitar and piano backing. My favourite line was always "Clara puts her head between her paws..". The lines are all rather perplexing, however, their meaning unclear. It actually doesn't really matter as their different images link together well anyway.

  

The poem leads into one of the album's cornerstones, the magnificent, truly iconic, fully orchestrated Life On Mars?, quoted by many these days in everyday conversations. "See the mice in their million hordes, from Ibiza to the Norfolk Broads". Bizarre lyrical imagery doesn't get much better. Quite what it is about has been the subject of analysis ever since its release - who was "the girl with the mousy hair"? Or the "sailors fighting in the dancehall"

As well as the lyrics the song has some beautiful, dramatic piano on it and a real sense of melodrama. I love the way the song rises and falls between its cacophonous chorus and the gentle build up of its superbly expressive verses. 

Regarding the sound, on the latest remaster, the contrast between the bass (which is strong) and the piano and orchestra is just right. Not too bassy not too trebly. Just what it needs. There is so much in there, so mastering it correctly is one hell of a task. This is the best so far. Even now, that one piano note at the outset sends shivers up the spine.



As for KooksI have never been a fan of this jaunty, whimsical ditty. Others, indeed many, love it but I have always found it rather twee, preferring to hurry up and get to the next track. It is rescued slightly by its jolly brass backing and its appealing line about throwing the homework on the fire if it brings you down. I remember thinking at the time - "if only I had parents who took that attitude". Bowie wrote it for his newly-born son, Duncan (called Zowie at the time).

I have to say, also, that the remastered Kooks does sound great too with a lovely rich bass underpinning it. Great strings and crystal clear trumpet and acoustic guitar. Bassist Trevor Bolder displays considerable proficiency on the trumpet too. 

Quicksand was a brooding, poetic masterpiece chock full of the said weird images. Quiet, acoustic guitar and subtle organ and Bowie's plaintive lyrics about "dream reality" and "Garbo's eyes". Check out the acoustic guitar chops - so clear, so sharp. It is this album's Cygnet Committee with its multiple images and surrealism. Bowie references Winston Churchill, Heinrich Himmler, Aleister Crowley and Greta Garbo. It is another un-analysable song, notable for simply its myriad of wordscapes. It is a little-mentioned Bowie classic, highlighting a really developing poetic songwriting talent.

It is the sort of song that is put into "best of" lists by the Bowie cognoscenti, as opposed to the "greatest hits" crowd. A song for the truly discerning Bowiephile. It is an odd thing about Hunky Dory, though, that a beguiling, mysterious song like this and an image-packed classic like Life On Mars? bookend a lighthearted piece of fluff like Kooks. For many, that is the album's appeal, but for me it is its weakness.

I feel somewhat similarly about the cover of Biff Rose's (who was he?) Fill Your Heart as I do about Kooks. It is a piece of breezy whimsy that has always irritated me slightly, despite its obvious singalong melody. Bowie contributes a nice saxophone and it is pleasant enough, but has too much post-hippy airiness about it for me. Apparently Rose didn't like Bowie's arrangement of his song at all. 

Andy Warhol has never really been my can of beans either, despite us all quoting "it's "hol" as in "hols"" in the school corridors ad nauseum. That acoustic intro though - wow. Sharp as a knife. Warhol himself didn't like the song, however, and found it embarrassing. He and Bowie didn't really get on in the way they are presumed to have done, it is said.



Song For Bob Dylan sees the quality up again, for me, from here on - the last three tracks on the album really do it, however. I have always loved the folk rock-y tribute to Robert Zimmerman. It has some excellent guitar on it, wry lyrics and a comparatively raspy delivery from Bowie. It is a Bowie track that receives little or no mention when his output is discussed. Granted it is pretty different to most of the material on this album and wouldn't fit on any of the other albums either. It sort of stands on its own, but, personally, I like it.

Queen Bitch was by far the album's rockiest track, indeed its only rocky track, this Velvet Underground "tribute" is by far my favourite on the album as acoustic and electric guitars marry to total perfection, something that would be continued on both Starman and Ziggy Stardust.

This is three minutes of proto-Ziggy Bowie Heaven. The semi-spoken Lou Reed-esque vocal is a clear attempt to imitate the American, you have to say, and the lyrics are all very Greenwich Village/New York sub-culture - "I'm up on the eleventh floor and I'm watching the cruisers below..." However, much of it was also very camp British as well - "she's so swishy in her satin and tat..." and the line "bipperty-bopperty hat" was so very Marc Bolan. Indeed, the song merges Bolan's pop/rock vitality with Lou Reed's streetwise edginess, providing a signpost to the rockier, glammy material of the Ziggy/Aladdin Sane era. Mick Ronson's guitar is outstanding on here as well, he was really coming into his own as Bowie's vital sidekick. His riffs on the song are very Sweet Jane.

The Bewlay Brothers. Well, then there is the tour de force that is this mighty creation. The majesty of Quicksand is bettered here, unbelievably. It has a marvellous nonsensical stream of consciousness lyrics, a sadness behind it all and a heartbreaking melody. One of Bowie's most moving compositions. Images of his half-brother abound. If I start quoting the lyrics I will be here all day. There are so many worthy candidates. Unbelievable, as Bowie says in the song. Oh ok, I can't resist quoting "chameleon, comedian, Corinthian and caricature...".

The final, odd chanted vocal part at the end - "please come away, hey..." is a totally incongruous addition to the song, but is disturbingly haunting, meaning that this most bright and breezy of Bowie's albums ended on a sonorous, sombre, disconcerting note. 

Bowie says he had no lasting memory of recording the song and was unable to enlighten as to what it was about. It was, surely, deliberately obscure, or simply just the product of some powerful drugs. What is certain is that it is up there as one of Bowie's finest compositions. Incidentally, Bewlay Bros were a chain of tobacconists in London at the time. 

There are also a couple of tracks recorded for this album that didn't make the cut:-

Lightning Frightening is a quirky outtake from 1971 which features Herbie Flowers on bass and Bowie on saxophone. It is an odd slice of hippy-ish blues with some strange lyrics saying "I'll give you back my farmland, I'll give you back my house..." in some sort of bucolic protest. It features some appealing bluesy harmonica and lively saxophone that make it quite a catchy number. I can't imagine it fitting either Hunky Dory or Ziggy Stardust however.

The song fades in at the beginning, giving it a real "demo" feel, despite subsequent good sound quality. A guitarist called Mark Pritchard contributes a convincing solo near the end. The song is said to seriously resemble Crazy Horse's Dirty, Dirty, which was released in the same year and listening to them both one after the other, you can definitely hear the similarities, more in the music than the vocal. Bowie was going through a Neil Young phase in 1971 so it is probably no coincidence.

Bombers was a song from the Hunky Dory sessions that is full of lyrics about nuclear bombs, sirens and wastelands and the like. It has a liveliness and a post-apocalyptic lyric that suited Ziggy Stardust, musically, but its vocal is hauntingly plaintive, in that typically sixties Bowie style. There was plenty of that vaudeville, music-hall hamminess that Bowie had ditched by the time Ziggy was recorded.

The track was apparently going to open "side two" of Hunky Dory instead of Fill Your Heart. In many ways, I would have preferred it, but there is something of the sixties whimsicality to it that irritates me a little, so maybe not.

Another interesting song from the Hunky Dory sessions is Shadow Man, a this plaintive ballad which was originally recorded in the Hunky Dory sessions but the original recording was never released. It was re-recorded in 2000 for the abortive Toy sessions, given a torch song-style piano and deep strings backing. The song, lyrically, is very much in the Bowie of 1968 vein and it is hard to see it fitting in on Hunky Dory.

Regarding the various remasters around - the EMI/RYKO has the bonus tracks, Lightning Frightening and Bombers but it has a lo-fi, muffled sound, in my opinion

The 1999 remaster is clear, sharp and loud, as Hunky Dory should be, probably the equal of the 2015, maybe even a little fuller. This has always been my favourite of the 1999 remasters.The 2015 is probably the most nuanced, rounded remaster. The slightly harsh edges of the 1999 master have given way to a slighter quieter, subtler remaster. Hunky will always be a somewhat trebly album, due to the piano, acoustic guitar, horns and strings but this manages to bring the bass further up in the mix a little and highlights the bassier part of the orchestration, cello etc. I find when listening to it that my enjoyment of my lesser-favoured tracks like Kooks and Fill Your Heart is heightened. Bits are emphasised that I hadn't really realised were there to make a more fulfilling experience. 

So, overall, it is probably the 2015 remaster for me.

THE RISE AND FALL OF ZIGGY STARDUST AND THE SPIDERS FROM MARS (1972)



Five Years/Soul Love/Moonage Daydream/Starman/It Ain't Easy/Lady Stardust/Star/Hang On To Yourself/Ziggy Stardust/Suffragette City/Rock 'n' Roll Suicide

This was, undisputedly, the album that broke it big, real big, for David Bowie. It was also the first “serious” album I ever bought. Therefore, I have an incredible emotional attachment to it, and know it back to front. Every last note. Every lyric. For that reason it makes it strangely difficult to write as much about it as I would other albums that I don't know so well.

Like so many supposed “concept albums”, the “concept” is a somewhat vague one - about a “glam” rock star, Ziggy Stardust, who is maybe from another solar system, suddenly appearing on the scene, forming and leading a band an subsequently falling victim to the pitfalls of fame and “when the kids had killed the man I had to break up the band” and it all came to an end, as quickly as it had began. Bowie himself, of course, followed the same path with his real-life Spiders From Mars.

Bowie himself said of its "concept", looking back on it -

“….What you have there on that album when it does finally come out, is a story which doesn’t really take place, it’s just a few little scenes from the life of a band called Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars, who could feasibly be the last band on Earth—it could be within the last five years of Earth. I’m not at all sure. Because I wrote it in such a way that I just dropped the numbers into the album in any order that they cropped up. It depends in which state you listen to it in….”.

Bowie is pretty much saying that the album isn't as conceptualised as many have viewed it. It is a series of randomly connected, great rock songs with no real continuity. I have always viewed it as such, even right back then, when I first bought it, aged thirteen.

The old “side two”, the final six songs of the album, are the ones that fit the concept, along with Starman from “side one”, to a certain extent. In that respect, it is far more of a concept album than say, Sgt Pepper or The Jam’s Setting Sons. However, Soul LoveMoonage Daydream and It Ain't Easy certainly don't fit in to any such idea.  Certainly, though,  Bowie “bigged up” the Ziggy image for all it was worth - bright orange coxcomb hairdo, one legged tights and full make up. We had not really seen anything like it, to be fair, Bowie’s appearance on Top Of The Pops in July 1972 performing Starman had us all talking in the school playground the next morning, and it had the country’s parents recoiling with horror, despite the previous decade’s excesses.

On to the songs in more detail...




On the first line of Five Years - “pushing through the Market Square” was inspired by the town I grew up in, Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire. Indeed, the world’s first statue of David Bowie is now sited there (pictured above). The song “fades in” with Mick Woodmansey’s slow drum beat, the a crystal clear acoustic guitar kicks in and we are into a rather disturbing song about the forthcoming end of the world. It is jam packed with characterisation and imagery and Bowie’s great lyrics and delivery build up to a truly tumultuous climax with finally fades back out again with the same sombre drum beat. "A cop knelt and kissed the feet of a priest, and a queer threw up at the sight of that...". What an evocative line.

The song doesn’t quite fit the album’s narrative, although maybe it could be argued that an apocalyptic world such as is described needs a Ziggy-like figure to arrive to lead it to the promised land before it is too late.

Even more so than Five Years, though, as I said earlier, Soul Love is one of the songs that doesn't fit the “concept”. It is a semi-funky, saxophone-driven soully song. Back to the song itself, it has a very appealing, melodic vibe that again doesn't really sit easily with the harsh, edgy, glamminess of much of the rest of the album. It actually could be more than comfortable on Young Americans. Yes, it had great rhythm and was undoubtedly very catchy, but it was totally irrelevant to the rest of the album.



Moonage Daydream was where the "concept" started to kick in, with its "spacey/science fiction-esque" lyrics  and druggy references to "freaking out...".  It also contains a homoerotic line in "the church of man-love is such a holy place to be..." that totally passed my thirteen year-old mind by back then. It was, no doubt, referencing Ziggy's (and simultaneously Bowie's) bi-sexual experimentation. Even by 1972, though, the song's lyrics like "lay the real thing on me""freak out", and "far out" were starting to sound more than a little dated - relics from the hippy era.

There is some marvellous, chunky, heavy guitar throughout as Mick Ronson came into his own, and an impossibly singalong instrumental refrain just after the “freak out in a moonage daydream” line. It ends with more impressive guitar. A proper rock song. Apparently Bowie used to try and "draw" the guitar solo, as he envisaged it, with crayons on paper. Ronson would look at it and play the solo as he interpreted it, which is pretty remarkable.

Funnily enough, though, the song's provenance dates from early 1971 and is the earliest-composed song to feature on this album, although not the first recorded. You would imagine it was from the late 1971/early 1972 sessions from its vibe and sound.

Starman was the one that saw Bowie’s iconic Top Of The Pops appearance, and what a great single it was too. Addictive, radio-friendly chorus, lots of contemporaneously-popular space imagery and that instantly recognisable morse code bit before the chorus kicks in, that was inexplicably lowered on many remasters over the years. It exists on the original single mix.

The song is built around an acoustic guitar riff more in tune with the lighter, breezier feel of Hunky Dory than the electric riffs of this album. As Bowie's only successful single to date apart from 1969's seemingly one-off Space Oddity it would have seemed to many that Bowie was obsessed with singles about space and the galaxy, which was of course not the case if you knew more of his songs. As with Moonage Daydream there are lots of hippy-style lyrics in the song - "hazy cosmic jive"..."hey that's far out"..."let all the children boogie..."..."some cat was layin' down some rock 'n' roll..." that owed more than a passing debt to Bowie's friend Marc Bolan. Incidentally, on the live performance, Bowie sang "get it on rock 'n' roll.." as a nod to his mate Bolan, no doubt.

I always wondered, when listening to this song, how one could "lean back on my radio..". How could you lean on a radio??

    

It Ain't Easy was pretty much everyone’s least favourite. In my view, and those of many others, Sweet Head would have made a great replacement, but maybe not in 1972, with its risque lyrics. Maybe Velvet Goldmine then. Both of them clearly would have been better inclusions than this cover of US songwriter Ron Davies's song from the late sixties. It was actually the first song recorded for the album. having been rejected for Hunky Dory. The only way I could make it fit the album's theme at the time was in its "climb to the top of the mountain" struggle-based lyrics, which I tried to interpret as Ziggy's travails as he tried to make it big. It doesn't really do it for me, though and remains apart from most of the album's other material.

The piano-driven Lady Stardust, always my favourite, was about Bowie’s mate Marc Bolan, apparently. It contains some great lines, such as "...femme fatales emerged from shadows to watch this creature fair..." and another homo-erotic reference in the line "the love I could not obey...". Is the song about Ziggy, or is is about Ziggy's messianic hero-worship of another figure? Either way, it is a lovely, atmospheric song and Mick Ronson plays some great piano something I didn't know he did. 

Star saw Bowie going all proto-punky four years early. It is a short, frantic and riffy number that briefly details in the first verse what happened to Ziggy's old friends as he left them as he pursued his journey to stardom. It is a mixture of glam and punk, although nobody knew what punk was in 1972. I have always wondered about the supposed "friends" named in the lyrics - Tony, Bevan and Rudi. Who were they? Odd names for Britain in 1972 as well, certainly the last two. Interestingly, the track also, like Moonage Daydream dates from early 1971 and was given away to a little-known band called Chameleon. Thankfully nothing came of their recording of it and Bowie resurrected it.

Hang On To Yourself was another in the punky vein, driven wonderfully by Mick Ronson's searing guitar, this was regularly used as a show opener during the autumn of 1972 and into 1973. It is an irresistible, rousing number. The Sex Pistols later said they based their God Save The Queen riff loosely around Mick Ronson's work on this track. It is right at the heart of the whole Ziggy thing, sitting as it does in the middle of "side two".

Ziggy Stardust. The iconic title track is most memorable as Ziggy “jams good with Weird and Gilly”. Oh, that riff too - acoustic and electric guitars in unison, something that Bowie had begun to specialise in. It is a timeless classic. Again it is packed full of wonderful lines, like "he came on so loaded man - well hung and snow-white tan...", "with God-given ass...". The sexual and drug references were lost on most of us teenagers back then, I can assure you. The song is full of all sorts of images - the "leper messiah""cat from Japan""he was the nazz""jiving us that we were voodoo.." and is just a delight from beginning to end. Just who were the introductory characters of "Weird and Gilly" I wonder? Previous band members or existing ones? Was "Ziggy" a unique, original character, or an amalgam of BolanJaggerJim Morrison etc? Whatever the answer was, one thing we knew for sure was that "Ziggy played guitar..".



Suffragette City is another superb track, with an equally iconic and recognisable Mick Ronson riff, rocks even more than "Ziggy", being in possession of a fast-paced glam rock meets regular rock guitar-driven sound and one of Bowie's strongest rock vocals. His higher-pitched voice never made for a truly convincing rock delivery, but it suits him fine here. He also wanted a saxophone sound on the song, but this was created by a synthesiser in the end. It is also full of sexual imagery and an undercurrent of seediness runs through it. Bowie wants Henry, whoever he is, to leave him alone while he attends to his "mellow-thighed chick". Then when he is done, it is "wham bam thank you ma'am..". There is the same sort of Studio 54 vibe to it that was also on Hunky Dory's Queen Bitch.

I always love hearing the guitar cut in to first one speaker then the other after the "wham bam thank you ma'am..." bit at the end. On the 30th Anniversary remaster of the album, the stereo channels are reversed, to the fury of countless "audiophiles", something that has amused me over the years.

Rock 'n' Roll Suicide was the cataclysmic, melodramatic, valedictory ending of the album, and, apparently, of Ziggy. Bowie brought the concept thing to a close in the most dramatic, theatrical style. From its first "time takes a cigarette..." line to "you're wonderful - gimme your hands..." the song is a perfect, evocative end to something very special that Bowie had created in this sub-forty minute album, that, while not wanting to go over the top about such a comparatively short piece of work, was quite artistically ground-breaking.

We had not seen or heard the like.

 

There were also several tracks recorded during the sessions for the album which didn't make it. They are all worthy of mention as part of the story of the "Ziggy era":-

Holy Holy was originally recorded in 1970 (see the review for The Man Who Sold The World) and in this form it is a very sixties-sounding, early T. Rex-influenced number, driven along mainly by Herbie Flowers' inventive bass, drums and backing vocals with the lead guitar considerably down in the mix and featuring a very typically late sixties Bowie vocal. it sounds in this form a lot like the final, superior material from the stuff that appeared on the Deluxe Edition of David Bowie, once Bowie had started to record some credible songs. It was actually released as a single and duly disappeared without trace.

  

Then there is the summer of 1971 re-recorded Spiders version, which is so much better. It is faster -featuring lots of searing Mick Ronson guitar, pounding rock drums and a stronger vocal from Bowie. I say that, though, and it has me suddenly wondering whether it is the same vocal track. Maybe not. I cannot find any mention that it is, anywhere. In fact, I'm sure it is different. The vocal is slightly deeper, more resonant. Either way, the second recording turns it into a proper early seventies rock song that indeed was initially pencilled in for inclusion on Ziggy Stardust. It would have been better than It Ain't Easy, that was for sure!

Round And Round was a cover of Chuck Berry's Around And Around. It was recorded in late 1971 as part of the Ziggy Stardust sessions and was due to be track four on "side one", before Starman replaced it. It is given the full-on Spiders from Mars treatment and features some red-hot guitar from Mick Ronson. Bowie, whose voice was never the most convincing in a straight ahead rock 'n' roll format, copes pretty well with it. It rocks in a full, bassy and muscular fashion.


Sweet Head was another one from the late 1971 Ziggy sessions this is a risqué rocker with a refrain that is almost punky in its intensity. Ronson's guitar again calls all the shots throughout this excellent track. It would have fitted in fine to the Ziggy album. It is actually the only song apart from Ziggy Stardust that mentions Bowie orange-haired creation by name. It is populated by salacious sexual references - "bob your sweet head..." and "give me sweet head..." as well as the cheeky "while you're down there....". No doubt had I heard this when I first got into Bowie, aged thirteen in 1972, I wouldn't have understood any of this. It is one of these rarities that I feel would really have done the business had it been included on the album it was intended for. It is a quality track that can consider itself unfortunate not to have made the final cut.

Velvet Goldmine was also from those same sessions as Round And Round and Sweet Head is this, another truly excellent number that really should have made the album. It is a solid-paced, chunky number with a strong Bowie vocal, quality Ronson guitar, a melodic rumbling bass from Trevor Bolder and a big, clunking Hunky Dory style piano. Its backing vocals are deep and sonorous in a sort of Volga Boatmen style, or maybe like some of those found on The Man Who Sold The World album. It ends with some jaunty whistling and madcap laughing vocals fading away in the background.

Amsterdam. Bowie always liked the whole Jacques Brel/Berlin in the 1930s decadent thing and this Brel song is perfect for that - a tale of drunken sailors and prostitutes. Bowie had been playing it live for a few years before he recorded it in the summer of 1971. It is a robust acoustic and evocative torch song and I first met it as the 'b' side of Sorrow in 1973. I found its images and atmosphere truly captivating. It was totally unlike anything I had ever heard from Bowie thus far. I always remember its abrupt ending too. Apparently it was going to be in the It Ain't Easy slot on Ziggy Stardust. I wish it had.

John I'm Only Dancing. I loved this single back in 1972 when it came out. I was far too young at thirteen to pick up on the homosexual references, as most were. It passed the BBC censorship (but not in the USA). It became a top twenty hit here. It is a nice mix of a catchy acoustic intro/ongoing riff and some vibrant Spiders rock. I remember being blown away by how great the sound was when my father allowed me to play the single on his stereo. I still love hearing it today.

The original single mix dates from July 1972 and is the best one. A subsequent one was re-recorded in January 1973 using saxophone in place of the acoustic guitar riff. It is ok, but not as good as the original, neither is the 1979 remix which seems to tone down the sharpness of the acoustic guitar. For me, the original single version will always be the best - that crystal clear strummed acoustic intro and then the consecutive drumbeats leading into Bowie telling us that "Annie's pretty neat, she always eats her meat...". Hmm. Incidentally, I always used to think it was "Eileen's pretty neat...".

Regarding the sound, the 2012  remaster is, I believe, the best one. Possibly. It is always up for debate and re-assessment. The EMI/RYKO is tinny and dull. The 1999 one is acceptable, as is the 30th anniversary edition (although it has a bizarre stereo channel reverse from the original recording). This one is the least tinny and warmest.

It was, culturally, a hugely influential album. Musically, it was, basically, around forty minutes of mostly fast-paced, lead guitar-driven somewhat tinny rock music. Nothing incredibly special, to be honest, when compared against many other albums, (including many by Bowie) yet, at the same time, it felt just incredibly special. If you know what I mean.

The black and white photo of Bowie and Ronson in the review is by the great Mick Rock.

 

LIVE IN SANTA MONICA (1972)


Hang On To Yourself/Ziggy Stardust/Changes/The Supermen/Life On Mars?/Five Years/Space Oddity/Andy Warhol/My Death/The Width Of A Circle/Queen Bitch/Moonage Daydream/John, I'm Only Dancing/Waiting For The Man/The Jean Genie/Suffragette City/Rock 'n' Roll Suicide  

This was an original US radio broadcast made available, eventually, for "official" release and exceptionally good it is too. Yes there is a rough and ready rawness to the sound quality, but that but adds to the appeal. It still sounds pretty good anyway - big, full and powerful, with well-highlighted bass and good stereo separation. Personally, I slightly prefer this recording from the Spiders era Bowie than the legendary "final gig" (see below), although I admittedly vacillate between the two.                        

Hang On To Yourself begins with a visceral, punky energy and a storming Ziggy Stardust continues in the same vein. Mick Ronson is on fire. Changes is clunkily rocking and vibrant, with Bowie on great vocal form. His voice is crystal clear at the beginning of The Supermen and when the "heavy" bit kicks in you can feel the power literally shaking your speakers, as if you were there.

Life On Mars? suffers a little from hiss in the quiet passages, but no real matter, it is still an evocative performance. There is something beautifully energetic and raw about this show. Five Years  has never been done better. Trevor Bolder's bass sounds wonderful, rumbling yet melodic.

  

Space Oddity is, unfortunately, marred by Bowie's woeful attempts to recreate the "rocket taking off" part by letting out a sonorous low moan. There are other vocal attempts and sound effects thrown in towards the end. By the end of this tour he performed the song far more successfully, augmented by synthesisers. Andy Warhol is excellent, however, with another killer bass line and some clear acoustic guitar from Bowie. Some great electric guitar from Ronson at the end. My Death is hauntingly powerful. "Angel or devil, I don't care...". Bowie sings these emotive words so movingly, so clearly. Great stuff. This songs suits Bowie so well.

The Width Of A Circle is an absolute tour de force, with a truly massive rock sound. Bowie was still a rock singer, in a rock band, even though he at times denies it. This is hard as he ever rocked, although he himself may have left the stage for a costume change while RonsonTrevor Bolder and Mick Woodmansey rocked out. Outrageously, thumpingly good. The Spiders briefly turned into Deep Purple. I have always loved the rocking, riffy Velvet Underground tribute Queen Bitch and it is played energetically here.



Moonage Daydream has all the chunky, piledriving sound you would expect. John, I'm Only Dancing, played in its original, rocking format, is a delight to hear. After the band introductions (I hadn't realised Mike Garson was already on board on piano), we get a slow burning, almost effortless Waiting For The Man, with Bowie doing his best Lou Reed. Again, this is Bowie rocking with the best of them. The "brownstone building" bit sees him in complete control.

It is great to hear The Jean Genie played properly i.e full on rock, as opposed to the slowed-down David Live era version. This is by far the best live person of Genie. Suffragette City is similarly definitive - frenetic and punky, just as it should be. The plaintive, emotional Rock 'n' Roll Suicide closes the show, as usual, once again, it is powerful and convincing, with some huge guitar chops. Great album.

ALADDIN SANE (1973)


Watch That Man/Aladdin Sane/Drive-In Saturday/Panic In Detroit/Cracked Actor/Time/The Prettiest Star/Let's Spend The Night Together/The Jean Genie/Lady Grinning Soul  

In the spring of 1973, David Bowie was the name on everyone's lips. As a teenager, I waited with bated breath for that warm early April day when I held his latest album in my hands, took it home and my friends and I sniggered at every schoolboy's favourite line from Time. Heady days indeed. Aladdin Sane was the album where the character of Ziggy Stardust supposedly "went to America" (by Bowie's own admittance) to make himself an even bigger star. Bowie was simultaneously attracted and appalled by America and this comes over in the songs. It is like being on a tour bus taking in sights, experiences, good and bad, along the way. New York, Detroit, Los Angeles...what you get from this transatlantic trip, most importantly, though, is ten wonderful tracks that sees Bowie at the height of his "glam rock" phase. To this day it is my favourite Bowie album.

What a start to an album Watch That Man gave us. Yes, Bowie's voice is way further down in the mix than it should have been (intentionally but erroneously so, in retrospect) but do not let detract from what is a barnstormer of a track, with one of Mick Ronson's killer riffs taking centre stage. The guitar is truly magnificent on this, one of Bowie's glammiest cuts, and lyrically is is full to the brim with wonderful images, like "the Reverend Alabaster dancing on his knees..." and "there was an old-fashioned band of married men looking up to me for encouragement...". This was definitely a continuation of the messianic worship of the "Ziggy" character. Ziggy had come to the USA and people loved him at their druggy parties, that is how I interpreted it as a young teenager back in 1973.

The song was also recorded by Bowie, Mick Ronson, Trevor BolderAynsley Dunbar and Mike Garson with Lulu on vocals (see review of Pin Ups).

Aladdin Sane was one which was initially not so popular with us singles and glam-honed teenagers at the time but in later years I have come to love it dearly, particularly that great bass and piano instrumental passage in the middle. Mike Garson was Bowie's new pianist and his creative stamp is all over this album. He really makes this superbly evocative track that deals with the themes of insanity that were always close to Bowie in the early seventies due to his experiences with his half-brother, Terry.

The track has a loose, almost jazzy feel to it that points towards Bowie's musical diversification. He had not previously done anything like this. The song had a parenthesis sub-title (1913-1938-197...) that Bowie explained as being the dates of the years before the last two wars, and an unknown forthcoming one, which the often doom-prophesying Bowie was predicting. The song depicts the carefree decadence before the cataclysm.

  

Drive-In Saturday was the album's big "new" single (The Jean Genie being released several months before the album) - full of doo-wop harmonies, parping sax and great hook lines it blew us all away. As with so many of the Bowie compositions on the album, the imagery is positively overflowing as contemporary culture and icons are mixed with nostalgic themes - "people stared in Jagger's eyes and scored""she'd sigh like Twig the wonderkid..." were definite references and then there was "Jung the foreman...". Who was he? Jung the philosopher? The "foreman", though, what was that about? What was "crashing out with Sylvian"? Bowie explained that song was set in a post-apocalyptic world where people had to learn how to make love again by using books. All very futuristic and strange.

Whatever the meanings, it is a uplifting, almost anthemic sax-driven pastiche. It was originally offered to Mott The Hoople as a follow-up to the Bowie-penned All The Young Dudes but they turned it down, now confident enough to choose their own Honaloochie Boogie, which charted for them. 

Panic In Detroit is one of my own favourites, this Latin percussion-influenced number with its "he looked a lot like Che Guevara" wonderful opening line. Once more, it is brimming with lyrical imagery. It has an intoxicating conga-driven rhythm, some bluesy Mick Ronson guitar and great backing vocals from Mac McCormackLinda Lewis and Juanita "Honey" Franklin. It gives off a lot of the same ambience as Watch That Man in its sound, although it is less glammy and the setting is decidedly more urban and decaying, as opposed to that of fashionable NewYork parties.

On Cracked Actor that party decadence returns, however, with the riffy, glammy, slightly Stonesy rock of this upbeat number. Sexual references are to the fore, especially with the risqué "suck baby suck" lyric. "I'm stiff on my legend..." sings Bowie, almost as Ziggy personified. Has the character become the man? Actually, Bowie is definitely singing in character as he says "forget that I'm fifty 'cause you just got paid...", but there is still that feeling that the Ziggy myth was becoming self-perpetuating. This was one of Bowie's most seedy songs to date.

Then there is Time. Talking of seedy, now we get one of the album's high points featuring every schoolboy's favourite line, of course - "time, she flexes like a whore, falls wanking to the floor.." and is packed full of melodramatic grandiosity. Garson's piano is simply supreme on this track. There are classical music influences all around the track, apparently. It is one of Bowie's most adventurous compositions thus far, again providing a sign as to his future directions in its smoky late night feel at times.

It also references Billy Murcia of The New York Dolls -  "demanding Billy Dolls...", who had died only a few days before this song was written in late 1972.


I always felt that The Prettiest Star, that dated from 1970 is slightly incongruous on the album but it is given a 70s boost here. It still sounds out of place though. It is far too light and breezy to fit in with with the rest of the material. Bowie and the cultural zeitgeist had moved on from this sort of sub-hippy, folky stuff. It is redeemed. however, by Mick Ronson's very 1973 guitar solo and some lively fifties doo-wop backing vocals.

Regarding Let's Spend The Night Together, a lot of people don't seem to like Bowie's energetic cover of this mid-sixties The Rolling Stones' song but I have always loved it. It rocks. Big time. Just check out that madcap, frantic piano opening. Bowie and the band really rip it and the pace doesn't up for a second. The guitar "thrusts" after the "let's make love" vocal bit was pretty daring for the time - Bowie had been quite pushing of the boundaries through this album, you have to say, with Time and Cracked Actor as well, plus the eroticism of Lady Grinning Soul.

The album's first big hit single, The Jean Genie had crashed into our consciousness back in December 1972 before the album was released. I remember one evening at youth club and one of the other boys came running up to me, beside himself with excitement. "What do you think of David Bowie...?" he breathlessly enquired. I shrugged in the way thirteen year old boys do but still went out and bought the single the next day with my paper round money. 45p it cost. The boy who asked the question was Pete Trewavas, later to achieve fame as the bass player in Marillion.

The song contains absolutely killer bits of Ronson/Bowie guitar/harmonica interplay throughout and is one of Bowie's bluesiest piece of rock thus far in his career. The riff was approximated by The Sweet for their number one single Blockbuster in January 1973. It was, according to both parties, a complete coincidence and also, The Yardbirds had used it in the sixties in their live covers of I'm A Man. Another coincidence, stated Bowie, was the whole "Jean Genet" thing that supposed that the song's title was something to do with the French avant-garde author.

The song and the accompanying Top Of The Pops appearance subsequently cemented Bowie's position in popular culture, even more than Starman did. By late 1972, many people were talking about David Bowie. The Ziggy Stardust audience had ballooned, hugely. He was a superstar now.

The final track, Lady Grinning Soul, is a rarely acknowledged Bowie masterpiece of piano and strings torch song mystery. Simply beautiful and bubbling over with smoky atmosphere. It is arguably the album's finest song, certainly its most beguiling. It was also quite erotic in its "touch the fullness of her breast, feel the love of her caress..." line. 

It was a unique song, quite unlike anything he had done before. Only Time and Aladdin Sane come close to its adventurousness. Surprisingly, though, even Bowie seemed to forget about it, as he never played it live.

Just look at this verse, full of images. What was "Americard", by the way?

"...Cologne she'll wearSilver and AmericardShe'll drive a beetle car And beat you down at cool Canasta..."

There is a song that was recorded in this era that was not on the album but has earned itself an honourable mention:-



All The Young Dudes was the legendary anthemic song that Bowie gave to ailing mates Mott The Hoople in the summer of  1972 (they were originally offered Suffragette City) and they took right up the charts, making the song their own. Bowie's version was recorded in December 1972 and suffers in comparison to the Mott classic. The saxophone dominates this version (the Mott one was driven by acoustic and electric guitars) and, dare I say it, Ian Hunter's vocal is the definitive one.

A most interesting rarity is the version of that has Mott's original instrumental backing but Bowie's vocal that he recorded as a guide for Hunter to follow. I must say it has a certain appeal. It includes Hunter's spoken "outro" but Bowie sings the verses. It has a certain nostalgic fragility about it, especially in Bowie's ever so slightly tentative vocal.

By the way, I'm sure the "boogaloo dudes" line was inspired by Bowie's mate Marc Bolan.

Oh man, I need TV....

Oh brother you guessed....I'm a dude, man.

Finally, there is the now iconic cover, described as the "Mona Lisa of album covers" by The Guardian's Mick McCann. That made up Ziggy face, complete with red and blue lightning flash against the pure white background. The semi-naked gatefold middle cover image. There have been all sorts of interpretations of its meaning, the lightning bolt representing a duality of mind and so on, later backed up by Bowie. Whatever, it has gone down in history as one of the most striking rock album covers. 



With regard to the various remasters - Aladdin Sane has always been a bit tinny and there is the perennial voice mixing problems - the 1990 EMI/RYKO is somewhat low-fi and muffled, in my opinion. The 1999 is good, but maybe a bit clear and loud for the tastes of some; the 30th anniversary rarity remaster is excellent as is the latest 2013 one, which is probably as good as it is going to get - a nice mix between the essential glam rock loudness and a bit of subtlety too. You can never lose that loudness on Aladdin. To do so would be a crime. It should hurt your eardrums.

Anyone wanting to know what Bowie was all about in the mid 1970s - start here.

Art work by Brian Duffy.

LIVE AT HAMMERSMITH ODEON (1973)


Hang On To Yourself/Ziggy Stardust/Watch That Man/The Wild-Eyed Boy From Freecloud/All The Young Dudes/Oh! You Pretty Things/Moonage Daydream/Changes/Space Oddity/My Death/Cracked Actor/Time/The Width Of A Circle/Let's Spend The Night Together/Suffragette City/White Light/White Heat/Rock 'n' Roll Suicide   

This was the one where David Bowie the rock’n’roll star, Ziggy Stardust, left it all behind, to begin a chameleon-like journey through many styles of image and music.

There is a slightly less raw, hissy sound on this in comparison to Santa Monica. It would appear to have been remastered considerably more successfully,  but that previous show from September 1972 had such a huge, punky energetic appeal that it was difficult to top, to be honest. The band just seemed on better form that night. This is ten months’ hard touring later, and it shows a bit. It is the legendary “last ever show” (until the next one with a new band!). The Spiders, of course, do not know this, so when Bowie announces it at the end it really is one of those rock moments of genuine shock. However, this includes material from Aladdin Sane so there are added benefits, and yes, the sound is much better. I keep changing my opinion between the two. Maybe the best thing to do is treat them both separately and stop comparing them against each other.

The album kicks off with the usual rocking Hang On To Yourself. Then we get Ziggy Stardust, which is nice and bassy here - less tinny than Santa Monica, it is a powerful, dominant version of the iconic song. Bowie and The Spiders are all on top form - with "God-given ass..." indeed. This is one of the versions that I prefer to Santa Monica, I think.

It is a treat to hear a fully rocking Watch That Man (with Bowie's voice high in the mix, unlike on the studio version). Mike Garson makes his presence on piano known far more than at Santa Monica.



Wild Eyed Boy From Freecloud is played far more rockingly than on Space Oddity, Ronson’s electric lead guitar enhancing it considerably. There is a slight volume drop while the track merges into All The Young Dudes, but by the time Bowie launches into a snatch of Oh! You Pretty Things all is fine again. I am not a fan of these live medleys, though, preferring full versions of the songs. Queen used to do it too, irritatingly. Thankfully, Moonage Daydream is back to full-on, extended rock. It is just so god to hear Bowie rock with and band like this. I know he did with Tin Machine, but this was his rock persona at its very best. Changes is just so floor-shakingly powerful, it blows you away.

Space Oddity, thankfully, now uses keyboards to replicate the spaceship noise, unlike on Santa Monica and the results are much better. Bowie has to tell the raucous crowd to “be quiet” at the beginning of the moving My Death. Funnily enough, you had an “interval” with some piped classical music before the band come back with an absolutely stonking Cracked Actor, with madcap harmonica and wailing guitars. It is good to hear this, and the three other tracks from Aladdin Sane being played here by their original band, and so enthusiastically too.



Time is incredible - atmospheric piano and backing vocals and one hell of a huge thumping bass from Trevor Bolder. Ronson’s guitar is excellent too. Now, we enter Led Zeppelin territory with fifteen-minute The Width Of A Circle. As much as I love the Santa Monica one, I think I love this one even more, with its rhythmic percussion (bongos in there somewhere, played by I am not sure). The guitar on it is simply outstanding.

After the band introductions come a barnstorming Let's Spend The Night Together and straight into a similar Suffragette City. It is sad to think that the band are playing this for the last time, yet they don’t know it. White Light/White Heat chugs and rocks, pulsatingly. Then comes the gobsmacking speech, the crowd suddenly goes quiet and a no doubt bemused band ploughing their way through Rock 'n' Roll Suicide. Bizarrely, Elgar’s Land Of Hope And Glory plays over the p.a. Goodbye, Ziggy. Thanks and all that. He’ll be back, sooner than expected.

In many more guises.

   

PIN UPS (1973)


(original artists shown in brackets)/Rosalyn (by The Pretty Things)/Here Comes The Night (by Them)/I Wish You Would (by The Yardbirds)/See Emily Play (by Pink Floyd)/Everything's Alright (by The Mojos)/I Can't Explain (by The Who)/Friday On My Mind (by The Easybeats)/Sorrow (by The Merseys)/Don't Bring Me Down (by The Pretty Things)/Shapes Of Things (by The Yardbirds)/Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere (by The Who)/Where Have All The Good Times Gone (by The Kinks)  

In late 1973, when this album came out, many of us, bathing in the glorious light of HunkyZiggy and Aladdin were, to be honest, a bit bemused by this seemingly throwaway collection of covers of (comparatively) obscure sixties rhythm and blues tracks. We made out we loved it, but we didn’t really. However, as time progressed, I personally grew to love this 30 minute slice of seventies nostalgia for the sixties. It seemed to be de rigeur to put out a retrospective covers album as Bryan Ferry released These Foolish Things at the same time. Bowie went back to the British r'n'b boom of 1964-67 to source his material. Some of it was well-known, but certainly not all of it. 

These were the rear cover hand-written notes supplied by Bowie (referring to himself as "Bowie" for the first time) -

"...These songs are among my favourites from the '64–67' period of London.  Most of the groups were playing the Ricky-Tick (was it a 'y' or an 'i'?) -Scene club circuit (Marquee, eel pie island la-la).  Some are still with us - Pretty Things, Them, Yardbirds, Syd's Pink Floyd, Mojos, Who, Easybeats, Merseys, The Kinks.  Love-on ya! Bowie....".

The album was hurriedly put out due to contractual obligations to Mick Ronson and Trevor Bolder, the remaining Spiders From Mars who Bowie had legendarily dumped on stage at Hammersmith Odeon in July 1973, I believe. For all that, Ronson still shines brightly throughout. Aynsley Dunbar’s drumming isn’t half bad either. Indeed, it is one of the standout points of the album. The music is played with a vibrancy and enthusiasm that certainly doesn't suggest going through the motions. It all sounds great and is an enjoyable forty minutes and also very nostalgic for me. 

Stylistically, Bowie's hair is still "Ziggy", but he is now be-suited in a baggy-ish double breasted number that pointed towards the Young Americans/David Live clobber. Two of the images on the rear cover were also still very "Ziggy". The front cover, of course, showed a deathly pale Bowie alongside a suntanned "Twig The Wonderkid"Twiggy (sixties model Lesley Hornby). 

In comparison with original Bowie songs, there is not a huge amount one can say about these short, enjoyable cover versions, but here we go.

  

Rosalyn was a frantic, fast-paced almost punky opener, featuring some riffy scratchy guitar and Aynsley Dunbar’s drums pounding away as they do impressively throughout the album. There was a real enthusiasm to the rendition that makes it very enjoyable. It was originally recorded by The Pretty Things. The were impressed with Bowie’s cover, feeling it stayed true to the original, which it did.

Bowie’s saxophone introduces Them/Van Morrison’s pop/blues of Here Comes The NightTrevor Bolder’s bass is superb on here as are the drums, once again. Bowie’s vocal has a sort of Drive In Saturday tone to it. His saxophone solo is excellent too. I have always really liked this one, it was one of the songs that I actually knew already back in 1973. The whole rendition has a sort of soul/rock feel to it.

I Wish You Would was originally done by The Yardbirds, this is a stonking rocker of a number with Bowie on blues harmonica and Dunbar giving us a wonderful round of drums. The quirky Mick Ronson guitar riff and its interplay with the keyboard riff are infectious, you find yourself singing the riff more than you do the lyrics.

Pink Floyd’s See Emily Play is given a really solid, muscular and bassy sound. It rocks superbly and the sonorous backing vocals give it a sort of “asylum” sounding feel. This was a song that was tailor-made for Bowie. Once again, the bass is big, rumbling and addictive. Mike Garson’s piano is great too, he even “samples” a bit of Mozart’s “Magic Flute” near the end, as Dunbar goes all Keith Moon. I love the sound on this. It is definitely a high point on the album.

Everything’s Alright is a killer rocker that I loved back in 1973 and still do. It was a song by The Mojos and Bowie rocks it up no end with an appealing rock ebullience. There is an energy to this performance that is thoroughly intoxicating. I find it impossible not to enjoy the sheer vitality of this rendition.

An interesting bit of trivia is that Aynsley Dunbar played with The Mojos in the mid sixties, but after they had recorded this. He will have known the song, though, so no wonder he does it so well.

On I Can’t Explain Pete Townshend’s guitar is replaced by Bowie’s parping sax on this slowed-down, bluesy cover of The Who’s song. I have always liked it, although I have to say I much prefer the original. Friday On My Mind was first done by Australian group The Easybeats and it is a lively number that was full of punky attitude. Is was another that suited Bowie so well. Bowie contributes an echoey, sonorous vocal that is most evocative.

Sorrow was the big hit single from the album and a great track it is too. Bowie improves The Merseys’ original no end (one of the ones on the album that clearly out-does the original). The violin backing is sumptuous as are the harmonious backing vocals and, of course, Bowie’s excellent saxophone solo. The video clip below features "supermodel" of the time Amanda Lear (who also featured on the cover of Roxy Music's 1973 For Your Pleasure album).

This was the song we all liked on the album at the time, probably due to its exposure as a single. The single, incidentally, was 'b' sided by a cover of Jacques Brel's Amsterdam, dating from the Ziggy Stardust sessions.

 

Don't Bring Me Down was the second Pretty Things song to be covered is this copper-bottomed piece of sixties blues rock. Bowie and the band do a great version with thumping drums and that blues harmonica again. It has that blues rock feel that was encapsulated on The Jean Genie. It is probably the most bluesy number on the album, exemplifying the British r'n'b boom of the mid-sixties perfectly. Shapes Of Things was another Yardbirds song, this psychedelic rock number again suited Bowie and his musicians. Ronson’s mid-song guitar is outstanding as it links with the drums and bass marvellously. It is another example of just how energetically and enthusiastically these songs were being performed.

There is a vague futuristic feeling to this song that would have appealed to Bowie, but of course he had already explored those themes more than adequately in the intervening years between this song's origins and 1973.

On Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere the sheer youthful attack of The Who’s original is not lost here. The trademark instrumental part is reproduced really well, a bit spacey, but with Dunbar keeping up with the great Keith Moon admirably, Ronson doing the Townshend interjections and Bowie adding blues harmonica most convincingly. It is absolutely brimming over with rock power, just as a Who song should.

For Where Have All The Good Times Gone The Kinks’ song is given a riffy, powerful makeover. Ronson’s guitar chugs solidly in and out behind Bowie’s mannered vocal. The casual cynicism of the song suited Bowie and was a throwback to some of the material he recorded in the 1966-68 period.

All in all, it is still an enjoyable listen every now and again. An interesting thing to do, also, is make a playlist of the originals. Does Bowie come off best? Debatable. Probably just, because of the better sound quality.

Photos by Mick Rock.

There were also two tracks that have traditionally been thought to have possibly been part of the sessions for this album but actually were not. They are worthy of discussion, anyway :-

Growin' Up is an odd one. Thought to be a reject from the Pin Ups sessions, it was actually recorded in November 1973, a month after that album's release. It is a cover of a song from Bruce Springsteen's debut album from 1973, Greetings From Asbury Park, New Jersey. As a Springsteen aficionado as well as a Bowie one, I find it strange hearing Bowie doing Bruce. Listened to objectively, however, he does a pretty good job and if you listen to the vocal you can hear the first strains of that high-pitched soulful voice that he would utilise on the following year's Diamond Dogs and subsequently on Young Americans. In that respect it was a bit of a landmark in Bowie's development as a vocalist.

It's Hard To Be A Saint In The City was another Springsteen cover that nobody categorically knows from whence it came. It is believed to hail from the late 1973 Diamond Dogs sessions that produced Growin' Up. For many years it was thought to come from the Young Americans sessions but the backing sounds nothing like that band and indeed members of that group have no memory of having played it. It is also far too rough-edged and rocky for the 1975 soul-influenced material. Whatever its source, though, it is a credible cover of a good song. Bowie again does it justice.

The Man Who Sold The World/Watch That Man (Lulu recordings) - two other interesting rarities are Lulu's two Bowie covers that were recorded originally during the 1973 Pin Ups sessions and finished off by Bowie at the time of the Diamond Dogs sessions in 1974, featuring Bowie on saxophone, Mick Ronson on guitar, Trevor Bolder on bass, Mike Garson on piano and Aynsley Dunbar on drums - basically the Pin Ups band. The Man Who Sold The World actually sounds really good and duly gave Lulu a top ten hit. Watch That Man, however, doesn't quite work for me, sounding somewhat clumsy, as if Lulu is a bit perplexed by the lyrics. Bowie's backing vocals at the end are jazzily quirky but a bit bizarre.

Regarding the various remasters around - the EMI/RYKO has the bonus tracks, Springsteen’s Growin’ Up and Jacques Brel’s Amsterdam but it has a lo-fi, muffled sound, in my opinion.The 1999 remaster is clear, sharp and loud.

The 2015 is probably the most nuanced, rounded remaster. The harsh edges of the 1999 master have given way to a slighter quieter, subtler remaster.

THE 1980 FLOORSHOW (1973)

 

Sorrow/Everything's Alright/Space Oddity/1984/Dodo/I Can't Explain/Time/The Jean Genie/I Got You Babe

Only three months after his supposed "last ever gig" at the Hammersmith Odeon, David Bowie was playing a US TV special, bringing along ex-Spider Mick Ronson on guitar and Trevor Bolder on bass. Pianist Mike Garson was in the band too. Drums were played by "Pin Ups" drummer Aynsley Dunbar. Apparently it was a joyless affair, with Bowie insisting on running through the songs sometimes up to forty times. Ronson was left distinctly underwhelmed by the occasion - "I turned up, put me make up on, played, put me guitar away, took me make up off and went home..."- is how he described the proceedings. Despite having "killed off" Ziggy Stardust, there were still lots of Ziggy-isms to be found in both Bowie's look and costumes for this event. All very strange, really.

Bowie played three songs from Pin Ups - a slapdash Everything's Alright, a riffy, clunky I Can't Explain and Sorrow, whose backing track sounds distinctly like the original single as opposed to being played live. Space OddityTime and The Jean Genie (thankfully played straight, not slowed down) are given run outs, plus the as yet unreleased 1984/Dodo, the former of which would end up on the following year's Diamond Dogs album. There is also a cover of Sonny & Cher's I Got You Babe with Marianne Faithfull (who dressed bizarrely as a nun for the song), which is thoroughly unremarkable. Faithfull seems to be trying to imitate German chanteuse Nico, badly.

 

The whole show was intended to break Bowie "big" in America, but the whole "cabaret"-style pretentiousness didn't succeed. It was a precursor to the lavish stage show of the Diamond Dogs tour, however. The latter was much better, though, and David Live and Cracked Actor are excellent live albums, whereas this is not. The musicianship is ok, if a little uninspiring, but the sound isn't too great. It is listenable, but hardly "audiophile".

I listen to it occasionally as a historical document, so to speak.

DIAMOND DOGS (1974)


Future Legend/Diamond Dogs/Sweet Thing/Candidate/Sweet Thing (reprise)/When You Rock And Roll With Me/We Are The Dead/1984/Big Brother/The Chant Of The Ever Circling Skeletal Family




Many felt that Diamond Dogs was Bowie’s “return to form” after the underwhelmingly-received Pin Ups album of sixties cover versions. It had a lot of the guitar-driven glam rock essence of Aladdin Sane. Notably, however, tiny bits of wah-wah funky guitar were creeping in to the sound. A pointer to the mid-seventies “soul” phase Bowie went through, only a small one though. For all the many commenters who have labelled this the album that saw Bowie start to discover soul, one has to say that it is very much a rock album and far more his last glam album than his first soul album.

It is one of those loosely-conceived albums with a supposed concept - that of a futuristic, run-down post-apocalyptic urban setting and the characters who inhabit it. To be fair, the theme runs pretty constantly through the album, but there is no continuing "story" as such. The character of "Hallowe'en Jack" was said by some to be the continuation of Ziggy Stardust and Aladdin Sane, but I was never really convinced of that. Having said that, though, stylistically, Bowie still had a lot of Ziggy about him in the spiky, mullet-y red coxcomb hair-do and musically, glammy songs like Rebel Rebel and the title track certainly kept the spirit of Ziggy alive. 



This is no more a concept album than Ziggy though, just a collection of great “glammy” rock songs with a bit of a brooding, dark, futuristic theme. No more, no less. Interestingly, Bowie has subsequently described the album and its "concept" as being a pre-cursor for punk. Hmmm. read this and see if you can run with it...

Bowie described the Diamond Dogs characters, from the title track, as -

"....all little Johnny Rottens and Sid Viciouses really. And, in my mind, there was no means of transport, so they were all rolling around on these roller-skates with huge wheels on them, and they squeaked because they hadn't been oiled properly. So there were these gangs of squeaking, roller-skating, vicious hoods, with Bowie knives and furs on, and they were all skinny because they hadn't eaten enough, and they all had funny-coloured hair. In a way it was a precursor to the punk thing...".

Sorry David, I don't really buy that, but, despite that, in retrospect, I guess I can see why you viewed it like that. Personally, I think Rotten and the like's appearance on the scene was just a coincidence that fitted the particularly train of thought Bowie was having. Not that it really matters, but Diamond Dogs inspiring punk, either consciously or subconsciously? No. Not having it. Looking at the cover, though, those two mutant figures do look a bit punky. Maybe he was right. We'll never really know. Anyway, enough of that and back to the songs...

The album started with the short, haunting spoken introduction, Future Legend,  which samples the old easy listening class Bewitched, Bothered And Bewildered together with some nightmarish wolf-style howls. Bowie describes a gruesome, post-apocalytptic world called “Hunger City”, where “the last few corpses lay rotting in the slimy thoroughfare…”. It was all very “Future Shock” and “1984” in its unnerving, terrifying prophetic message.

On Diamond Dogs the opening “This ain’t rock ’n’ roll - this is genocide…” line is the announcement at the end of Future Legend as some fake crowd noise lead one to initially think that this is a live recording - some stirring guitar licks are accompanied by a Rolling Stones-esque cowbell soon take centre stage as the background noises fade and we are launched into a very Stonesy, riffy six minute plus rock number. Incidentally, the crowd noise was taken from The Faces' live album from the time and if you listen carefully as it fades out, you can hear Rod Stewart shout "hey". An interesting bit of trivia, that.

The song introduces the afore-mentioned new Bowie persona in the character of “Hallowe’en Jack” - a seedy figure who “lives on top of Manhattan Chase”. As I said earlier, I was never quite convinced of this character as an ongoing entity, though, he was just someone who appeared in this song, certainly not a character with the strength of Ziggy. In this song he is seen as the leader of the pack of dogs that form his dystopian urban street gang roaming around below, doing his bidding.

It was a hit single, although any attempts to edit it into “single” format do not win any acceptance from me - I loathe single edits. Thankfully in the UK I always remember it being played in its full version, which is how it should be. Bowie plays a reasonable lead guitar on the track too.



Sweet Thing/Candidate/Sweet Thing (reprise) is the album’s centrepoint - a long, atmospheric narrative full of images that really should be treated as one continuous track, as they fade seamlessly into each other. The track in full is nine minutes long and fits well into the album’s vague “concept” theme with its multiple scenes of urban decay and seedy decadence where couples “love in a doorway” and encounters become more sinister - “putting pain in a stranger”. all Bowie wants here is a “street with a deal” (which was probably close to the truth in 1974-75) and he puts a personal link into the song with the line “my set is amazing - it even smells like street…”.

The Candidate part ends with the classic line “we’ll buy some drugs and watch a band, and jump in the river holding hands…”. All very evocative stuff. The final chugging, repetitive guitar riff at the track’s very end shows Bowie’s first “krautrock” influence - it is very similar to Negativland by German avant-garde band Neu!, dating from 1972.

This is a genuine Bowie classic and carries so many unfortunate parallels within its lyrical imagery to Bowie’s own increasingly chaotic, drug-dependent life at the the time.

Sweet Thing grinds to an abrupt halt and segues immediately into the instantly recognisable scratchy guitar riff that introduces the superb piece of Bowie rock that was Rebel Rebel. It was possibly the last truly “rock” song he ever did, and certainly the last “glam” one. It was a huge hit, everybody loved it at the time. After the (relatively) low key sixties cover in Sorrow, this was, as far as a lot of fans were concerned, Ziggy back with a bang. Compared with the dark, futuristic creativity of the rest of the album, in many respects this was Bowie revisting a previous sound, something he rarely did.  The song dates back to 1973 and you can tell. It would not have been out of place on Aladdin Sane at all.

It has a gender-bending lyric in the “she’s not sure if you’re a boy or a girl…” which horrified some of the older generation back in 1974.

After this, Bowie would do no more glam rock, neither would many others - Roxy MusicMott The HoopleT. RexAlice CooperElton John all either diversified or split up.

Rock And Roll With Me was the one that was my first favourite when I initially bought the album. It is soulful piano-driven rock ballad which hints at a future more soully musical direction and it also has a singalong chorus. It has no place at all in any “concept” present on the album - even Rebel Rebel had its seedy, gender-bending decadent side to it but this was just a harmless love song, although it did contain a Ziggy type line in the “tens of thousands found me in demand” bit.

It was performed on the David Live album in a slowed-down style, almost as a smoky, late night soul ballad.

 

We Are The Dead has always been the album’s hidden gem, for me. It contains some excellent guitar and keyboards and some very Sweet Thing-style paranoid lyrics. I have always liked the lines “it’s the theatre of financiers - count them, fifteen round the table, white and dressed to kill…”. It fits the album’s concept well and is a vastly underrated song. Bowie's vocal is excellent throughout. "We're today's scrambled creatures, locked in tomorrow's double feature...", is another great line.

For some inexplicable reason, Bowie never performed it live, which was a real pity. I think it would have sounded great live.

1984 was the track that saw a funky wah-wah guitar rhythm used for the first time. Apparently Bowie wanted it to sound like Barry White. To me, and to many, it sounds more like Isaac Hayes’ Shaft theme. It is often referred to as the clear moment Bowie changed direction, as if the whole album was like it, but, as we know it isn't, it is just the backing of this song that shows a slight new direction. You could actually have said the same about Soul Love from Ziggy Stardust.



Lyrically, it explores more disturbing themes - “they’ll split your pretty cranium and fill it full of air…” carries on the “dreadful future” sort of ambience that pervades most of the album. The reference to George Orwell’s novel in the title is no coincidence.

The track was covered, surprisingly, by Tina Turner on her 1983 Private Dancer album. While the beat suited her, the lyrics sounded odd on a r 'n' b/soul album.

Big Brother finds the Orwellian thing continuing on this mysterious song that contains beguiling lines like “he’ll build a glass asylum, with just a hint of mayhem…”. Bowie is looking for a way out of this nightmare and searches for a leader, “some brave Apollo..”. This is a theme he would continue, with unfortunate consequences, a couple of years later when he made some unwise comments that appeared worryingly fascist.

Musically it is quite soft and melodic, featuring some good saxophone from Bowie and some infectious handclaps.

The Chant Of The Ever Circling Skeletal Family - Big Brother morphs into this repeated tape loop vocal and industrial repetitive guitar riff. The tape stops and repeats “bro bro bro” endlessly. Bowie subsequently said that this was an accident but that he left it as it sounded great. The best thing about this is its title, which brings to mind images of a group of skeletons cavorting around as the only ones left on a charred, desolate earth.

  

The cover is great and caused a real stir at the time with the Bowie/dog artwork showing the dog's crown jewels which were airbrushed out on later pressings. I was pleased at the time to have the original, balls and all.

Overall, this was a fine album and served as fine valediction to the glam era. I still love this, Ziggy and Aladdin Sane more than any other Bowie albums. Bowie was right to diversify after this, however.

There were a few tracks that didn't make it on to the album that are worthy of mention:-

Dodo was recorded in September 1973 in the sessions for Diamond Dogs. It is a lively, brassy song with the sort of dark, futuristic lyrics that would dominate that album. It has a smoky-sounding Bowie vocal and plenty of brass and saxophone in its backing. The chorus of "she's a dodo, oh no..." is somewhat clumsy, though. It was originally titled You Didn't Hear It From Me, which was the next line.

It makes another appearance in a funked-up medley with 1984 that was included on the 30th Anniversary edition of Diamond Dogs. The song is altered quite a bit here and is far funkier. Had this medley been included on Diamond Dogs it would have contributed to a far funkier ambience on what was more of a glammy album.


Candidate is a different song to the Candidate that appears as the middle part of the Sweet Thing trilogy on Diamond Dogs. It was, however, recorded in the sessions for that album, on New Year's Day 1974. It is an impressive, soulful but upbeat song with a jaunty, swing-style drumbeat driving it on together with some breezy Mike Garson piano. It contains a sexually suggestive opening couple of lines and an odd reference from Bowie about his being "the Führerling", starting his unfortunate fascist fascination earlier than we thought. It is an appealing song, though, and showed the direction Bowie's music was beginning to take, despite it not making the album. If this and Dodo had been on Diamond Dogs it may have sounded quite a lot different.

Rebel Rebel (US Single Version)/ Reality Tour Remix is quite a different take on the glammy hit single. It misses out the iconic introductory guitar riff and starts with the line "hot tramp I love you so.." before progressing into a rhythmic, conga-driven piece of soul/rock that once more provided a signpost as to Bowie's future musical direction. It was this version that Bowie played live on David Live and Cracked Actor and indeed for many years afterwards. In 2002, Bowie re-worked the song for the Reality Tour, using a quiet, atmospheric guitar opening before crashing into that recognisable riff. He opened the shows with this and recoded a studio version as well. I like both these versions but I will always prefer that scratchy, riffy glory of the original.

Regarding the various remasters around - the EMI/RYKO has the bonus tracks, Dodo and the alternative, extended Candidate but it has a lo-fi, muffled sound, in my opinion. It is, however, less jarring than the others, and often I find myself returning to it. Played through a good system, it is pretty good.

The 1999 remaster is clear, sharp and loud. The remaster from 2015 for the Five Years box set is just about ok, but no amount of remasters can hide the album's intrinsic tinniness, however. It is actually by far the worst of those particular remasters.

DAVID LIVE (1974)


1984/Rebel Rebel/Moonage Daydream/Sweet Thing/Candidate/Sweet Thing (Reprise)/Changes/Suffragette City/Aladdin Sane/All The Young Dudes/Cracked Actor/Rock 'n' Roll With Me/Watch That Man/Knock On Wood/Here Today, Gone Tomorrow/Space Oddity/Diamond Dogs/Panic In Detroit/Big Brother/Time/The Width Of A Circle/The Jean Genie/Rock 'n' Roll Suicide 

In 1973, “the kids had killed the man” and Bowie broke up the band and then after a short hiatus, reconvened Stateside with a new band, an elaborate new stage set, a powder blue suit and a foppy new hairdo. Some funky sounds were added to the larger new band’s repertoire, some wailing saxophone too, together with lots of backing vocals. Classic rock songs like The Jean GenieSuffragette City and Watch That Man were either slowed down or “funked up” with layers of congas and wah-wah guitar. Many fans did not know what to make of it. Not quite used to the changeling Bowie as yet, some turned their back on him after hearing this album. Even now, there are still precious Bowie aficionados who condemn this album as “rubbish” and “unlistenable”. This is a shame. I actually loved it upon release and I still do. When 1984 starts the show, I still get excited hearing it, and the versions of Aladdin Sane and the extra-riffy Diamond Dogs are pretty definitive. Mike Garson is superb on piano and Earl Slick plays some seriously hot lead guitar throughout the album.



Sweet Thing/Candidate/Sweet Thing (reprise) is performed superbly, virtually note-for-note to the studio original and is absolutely crammed full of atmosphere. Although one can't see Bowie's performance, it can definitely be felt as you listen to this - "...my set is amazing, it even smells like a street...". You really get that vibe.

It takes a bit of getting used to hearing the saxed-up grooves of Changes and Cracked Actor but I have always found them invigorating and enjoyable, right back to when I first listened to them in 1974. Bowie's gift to Mott The Hoople - All The Young Dudes, is given a slowed-down almost gospelly soulful makeover, while the hit single from the album, a cover of Eddie Floyd's Atlantic Soul classic Knock On Wood is chunkily powerful and nowhere near as bad as a few critics, including Mick Jagger, said it was at the time.
               
This impressive Tony Visconti remaster brings what was an already impressive 2005 remastering to even more life. He remasters his original 2005 remaster! Check out 1984  and Moonage Daydream  in particular. Almost like listening to a new album. 

There are sounds in there I genuinely had not heard before (and I bought it upon release in 1974). The track listing is the full show as well. The definitive version. TimePanic In Detroit and Space Oddity are particularly welcome additions from the original album's track listing. Bowie's gratuitous, lascivious enunciation of "wanking" on Time is a delight to listen to.

Funnily enough, though, I was still so used to the original track listing that it still sounds a bit odd when Panic And Detroit and Time come along. 

Much as I have always loved this album, though, maybe the last word about it should be left to Bowie himself, he subsequently commented that -

"David Live" was the final death of Ziggy...and that photo on the cover - My God! It looks like I've just stepped out of the grave. That's actually how I felt. That record should have been called "David Bowie is alive and well and living only in theory"...".

So there you have it. It still means a lot to me, despite its perceived shortcomings.

CRACKED ACTOR (1974)


1984/Rebel Rebel/Moonage Daydream/Sweet Thing/Candidate/Sweet Thing (reprise)/Changes/Suffragette City/Aladdin Sane/All The Young Dudes/Cracked Actor/Rock 'n' Roll With Me/Knock On Wood/It's Gonna Be Me
/Space Oddity/Diamond Dogs/Big Brother/Time/The Jean Genie/Rock 'n' Roll Suicide/John, I'm Only Dancing (Again)

Recorded a few months further into David Bowie's 1974 tour than the official David Live release, this now-kosher former bootleg provides quite a different experience to David Live. There is a totally different ambience to the playing and Bowie's delivery. Despite being from the same tour, they are two very distinct performances.                      

Apparently, before the David Live gig(s) relations between Bowie and his band were at a low ebb due to a pay dispute. There were also early teething problems with the innovative, adventurous stage set. By the time the tour reached Los Angeles many of these problems had been ironed out and everything was hunky dory, so to speak. Listening to it, you can tell. Maybe I am imagining it, but the band seems looser, more relaxed. The interplay between the omnipresent saxophone, Mike Garson's piano and the organ are excellent. Particularly on Moonage Daydream. The guitar on it is improved too. The opener, 1984 has more "oomph" about it and Rebel Rebel has far less saxophone. More guitar-driven.

  

Suffragette City sounds closer to its original, with a heavier, riffier intro. As indeed does The Jean Genie, which rediscovers some of its original bluesiness. Knock On Wood and Rock 'n' Roll With Me are looser, almost edgier. The latter is almost a bit sloppy in places, with Bowie putting on a strange voice early on in the song, however. 

There is a bit of an "end of term" feeling about the album, with the band just doing their thing, man, as opposed to the tighter, slightly more nervous David Live offerings. 

Bowie's vocal delivery seems more pronounced, more theatrical. Which is odd considering he had dropped much of the on-stage theatricality that had hampered the earlier part of the tour. Check out Sweet Thing. His personal performance on this and throughout the show seems more assured and at the same time more relaxed. More drugs or less I wonder? The backing to this track, again, just seems better - clearer and with the individual instruments given more space to breathe. Also, the idea was to turn to the whole thing more "soully". With that in mind, we see the first appearances of It's Gonna Be Me from the Young Americans sessions and a final encore track of the disco-influenced John, I'm Only Dancing (Again). Most welcome they are too. Other than that the set list is pretty much the same as David Live, with no Watch That Man, Panic In Detroit, Width Of A Circle or the oldie soul cover Here Today, Gone Tomorrow.

Earl Slick, the lead guitarist, seems more confident in his solos on this recording than on David Live Saxophonist David Sanborn the same. Heck, they all sound more energised. Listen to the Latin-tinged piano/guitar/bass bit in the middle of Aladdin Sane. The instrumental bit in the middle of Big Brother too.

Contrary to many people, I have always loved David Live. Maybe because I grew up with it and it for a long time my only Bowie live recording. However, this really puts it somewhat in the shade in places. Highly recommended. Fantastic sound quality too. You know what, though, I still slightly prefer David Live, despite everything I've said, particularly the latest Tony Visconti remix of it, which is superb. The best thing is two own both of them and treat them as different entities. They both have their merits.

WHITE SOUL, WHITE POWDER AND BERLIN (1975-1979)



This was the period that found David Bowie "in a bad place", or maybe, to be more accurate, many bad places. Ironically, though, with the help of collaborators such as Tony Visconti and Brian Eno he produced some of his most innovative, challenging and ground-breaking music. The influence of his output from these years was immense and far-reaching. For many, it is this, as opposed to the glam era, that is the classic era of his long career. He found his soul mojo, he explored his inner European, but, most importantly, he took a shed load of drugs.

THE GOUSTER (1975)


John I'm Only Dancing (Again)/Somebody Up There Likes Me (Gouster mix)/It's Gonna Be Me (without strings)/Who Can I Be Now?/Can You Hear Me (Gouster mix)/Young Americans/Right (Gouster mix)

Intended for release in 1975, this is the album that eventually became Young Americans. The track listing here is how the album was envisaged initially, before different tracks were added and it morphed into Young Americans. It is only seven tracks long, three of those that subsequently appeared on Young Americans appear here as Gouster mixes and contain a few differences to their eventual versions. As you can see, it was even given its cover, so it was very close to being the actual release.

Having lived with the original album for so long, it was, after the 2016 release of this, (as part of the Who Can I Be Now? box set), somewhat difficult to get used to listening to it. It kicks off with the addictive dance/disco adaptation of John, I'm Only Dancing (Again), which renders the original glam rocky version totally unrecognisable. It is full of saxophone and disco grooves, but they are very effective, there is just no relation to the original song.

Somebody Up There Likes Me is a different mix to the one eventually used. It is the better one in my view - far more bassy, rhythmic, and the saxophone, although omnipresent as on the original, does not overwhelm the track.

The soulful It's Gonna Be Me and Who Can I Be Now? are undoubtedly two tracks that fitted the "soul" concept of the album, but both were left off the eventual Young Americans album, which was odd, because they are both excellent, particularly the latter. I am sure that Bowie modelled his "soul voice" on that of Harold Melvin (as distinct from Teddy Pendergrass). Check out All Because Of A Woman, it has real hints of It's Gonna Be Me about it in places.

Can You Hear Me has an alternative Gouster mix. It has a pronounced "bongo" style drum in the intro and beyond, and the tempo is slower, more soulful, for the laid-back verses. The backing vocals are less harsh and less dominant, more subtle and gentle. Bowie's vocal delivery is slowed down and more soulfully smoky and throaty.

Then there is Young Americans, which is the original version. I am glad, because it is total perfection and is one of my favourite David Bowie songs of all time. Right is the other Gouster mix. Again, it is on the more bongo-ish percussion and the (this time) more blatant backing vocals that there are noticeable differences. It also seems bassier to my ears.

There is no place on here for WinFascination, the Beatles cover Across The Universe and Fame. Fans will no doubt discuss with one is the better for years. Personally I would add all the other tracks but keep the three Gouster mixes over the others.

Photos by Michael Ochs and Eric Stephen Jacobs.

YOUNG AMERICANS (1975)


Young Americans/Win/Right/Fascination/Somebody Up There Likes Me/Across The Universe/Can You Hear Me/Fame   

In 1975, David Bowie supposedly “got soul” and “reinvented himself” for the third time in as many years. I was never really convinced by the soul thing. Yes, the glam rock guitars had gone and the outlandish costumes too. In came double breasted suits, like something The Four Tops would wear on stage. Musically it was backing singers, funky guitars, muffled drums, congas and a throbbing bass. Whatever it was, though, it was certainly not pure soul, in my opinion. It was a kind of slowed down soully rock, sung with a higher pitched white man’s voice too. Quite what the Soul Train TV show aficionados made of this coked-up white dude is anybody's guess. It was not The O’JaysBilly Paul or The Meters.

What it gave us, though, was one of Bowie’s finest ever tracks in the lyrically, musically and atmospherically remarkable title track, Young Americans.  Five minutes of pure magic. Still my favourite ever Bowie track. I never tire of hearing it, even after all these years. Just hearing that drum intro gets me every time. Then the sax comes in - magical. It is also jam-packed full of great, perplexing lines like this - "well, well, well would you carry a razor, in a case, just in case of depression..." or - "we live for just these twenty years, do we have to die for the fifty more?". Great stuff indeed. I could just carry on quoting from this song, there are so many great lines.

The sound is now clearly different to anything Bowie had ever done before. His band had main members who were largely white (apart from bassist Willie Weeks) and a background in rock and jazz, so they certainly weren't a bona fide soul band. They did seem to get the soul vibe, though, particularly saxophonist David Sanborn and Puerto Rican guitarist Carlos Alomar and there were soul musicians on congas and backing vocals, including a young Luther Vandross.

It is not genuine soul. however, but it is a fine approximation and simply a damn fine record. "Ain't there one damn song that can make me break down and cry...". Indeed. This is up there as possibly my favourite ever David Bowie song.

 

Win was a sumptuous song, full of deep, warm bass, delicious saxophone and a real laid-back soulful vibe. Bowie really got the hang of the soul thing with this, although it is still enhanced by some seriously searing electric guitar from Earl Slick."All you got to do is win..." exclaims Bowie in one of his positive pronouncements - he was getting ever more keen on these.

The backing vocals are really good but never intrusive. This is one of my favourite tracks from the album.

Similarly impressive is the copper-bottomed funk of Fascination, which introduced Luther Vandross to the world. The wah-wah that underpins the song is intoxicating and Bowie's improvised soul vocal keeps pace perfectly with the backing singers. It is one of his most accomplished vocal performances to date. This is probably the most credible funk/soul cut on the album. There are two mixes of it, the original and the one that appeared on the 1991 RYKO remaster. There are slight differences, but I often struggle to really discern them.

Right is another highly commendable one. It possesses an infectious conga/bass backing and more clever vocal call-and-response interplay between Bowie and his backing singers as David Sanborn's saxophone wails away along with a funky, Stevie Wonder-esque clavinet. I thought Fascination was the funkiest thing on the album, but maybe I was wrong and this is. The 1991 mix is slightly slower than the original (which appears on all the other remasters).

Somebody Up There Likes Me is driven along by some superb David Sanborn saxophone. He made a similar contribution to Ian Hunter's All American Alien Boy that was released the following year. It is a bright, backing vocal-dominated soulful number that carries a darker message underneath the soul polish about political corruption and the cult of celebrity. Once again, Bowie is dishing out a warning, something this unfortunately by now increasingly coke-addled paranoid semi-recluse was beginning to specialise in.

It is the saxophone you think of with this song, though, and the backing vocals. Never mind the message.



Across The Universe was a John Lennon cover and has been roundly disparaged by seemingly everyone (apart from Bowie encyclopaediac Nicholas Pegg who loves it). I have to say that I agree with Pegg. I too have always loved it. Lennon joins Bowie on guitar and vocals, they drop the "jai guru deva om" vocal refrain and set about producing and entrancing, vibrant cover of the original that seems to suit Bowie's soul incarnation perfectly. I really don't see what the problem is/was. Maybe it is just a "don't you dare touch anything by The Beatles" thing. All that said, as I say later on below, the two tracks that were left off the album were definitely better than this, so there you go. I still don't think it is that bad, though.

Can You Hear Me - this excellent sweetly soulful track began life as Take It In Right and was, apparently written for Lulu. Thankfully, Bowie recorded it himself and made a very impressive job of it too. This is one of the smoothest-sounding albums on the album and was certainly a convincing stab at soul. Once more, the saxophone sound is sublime.

Fame was an absolute Bowie classic and became the second big hit from the album. It is a supremely funky Bowie/Lennon workout containing cutting lyrics about the fame game - "fame - what you want is in the limo - fame - what you get is no tomorrow...". Bowie seemed to be telling his own indulgent story right here, right now.

 

The funk riff is magnificent on this and, impressively one of Bowie's idols, James Brown, paid him the compliment of using the very riff on his 1976 track Hot (I Need To Be Loved). Bowie was delighted by this, I am sure.

Another impressive thing is the backing vocal "high voice to deep voice" descending scale that comes off to great effect both here and in subsequent live performances.

This album sort of washed smoothly over you and it sure washed the red dye out of all those Ziggy fans’ hair. Ziggy seemed thirty years ago as opposed to just three. That's how quickly things were changing. The difference between this and even Diamond Dogs is seismic. This is undoubtedly now an adult album. Although I loved this album's two singles upon release, I got to appreciate the remainder of the album more and more as the years progressed.

Young Americans is often not mentioned in people’s Bowie favourites lists, but I find myself returning to it again and again. Whether or not it IS soul is debatable but it certainly HAS soul. I am sure that Bowie modelled his "soul voice" on that of Harold Melvin (as distinct from Teddy Pendergrass). Check out All Because Of A Woman, it has real hints of It's Gonna Be Me about it in places. 

Interestingly, guitarist Carlos Alomar (who had not heard of Bowie before he was invited to work on the album) said of Bowie's working process for the album, when interviewed about it subsequently  - 

“….David always does the music first. He'll listen for a while then if he gets a little idea the session stops and he writes something down and we continue. But later on, when the music is established, he'll go home and the next day the lyrics are written. I'd finish the sessions and be sent home and I never heard words and overdubs until the record was released….”

It is fascinating to try and imagine Young Americans being written in that fashion. That was one hell of a lot of lyrics to come up with overnight! It is also strange to think that the musicians like Alomar had heard no words when they played the songs' backing tracks. Whatever their genesis, the songs certainly came out well and those who produced them have left us with something vibrant and memorable. 

These are the tracks available from the sessions that didn't make the album, they are certainly worthy of comment:-

After Today. This appealing piece of disco/soul dates from the August 1974 "Young Americans" sessions. It is a lively number with a falsetto vocal from Bowie at times and lots of funky saxophone. It would actually have made a nice addition to the album it was rejected from, its upbeat sound providing a contrast with some of the slower-paced deep soul numbers that were eventually chosen. At the end, Bowie laughs and exclaims "I was getting into that...". Indeed he was, he should have stuck with it.

Who Can I Be Now? dates from the 1974 Young Americans sessions and is a truly outstanding song. It was inexplicably jettisoned in favour of Across The Universe. It was one of the tracks selected to be on The Gouster album, which was never released. It features a great saxophone intro from David Sanborn and one of those smoky/interjection with falsetto vocals from Bowie supported by multiple backing vocals. The verses are evocative and soulful, while the chorus is big and brash, with the vocals loud and the saxophone wailing. as with all the Young Americans material, though, there is a slightly muffled muddiness to the drum sound, for me, anyway, although the 30th anniversary remaster suffers less so than the others. The title was chosen as the title for the second of the box sets covering Bowie's career, presumably as a reference to his many identity/image changes in the period.


It's Gonna Be Me was another from the August 1974 sessions, this was also left off the eventual album, which was once again a questionable decision. It was also another of the tracks that was going to be on the aborted album, The Gouster. There are two versions of the song in existence. The original one and one that Tony Visconti added strings to, which was lost, but was subsequently remixed by Visconti from his original master tapes.

The original Gouster one is full of late night atmosphere and one of Bowie's finest vocals to date - so far removed from the late sixties/early seventies. It is quite sparse in its backing - mainly piano, jazzy guitar, drums, bass and backing vocals. A lot is spoken about Bowie's supposed "soul" phase but on this one I have to say that he is at his most credibly soulful. The improvised vocal around five minutes in is superb.

The Visconti strings version is from the 30th Anniversary edition and has wonderful sound quality and Tony has done a great job on the remixing. The sound is outstanding. Once more, there is a "which do I prefer?" quandary. It's a difficult one. I actually love both of them, for different reasons - the minimalist soulfulness of the original and the warmth of the strings one. It's a 1-1 draw.

John, I'm Only Dancing (Again) is totally unrecognisable from 1972's upbeat glammy single, this finds Bowie exhorting us to "boogie down with David now..." as he went all Studio 54 circa 1975 style disco. It is probably the only really obviously disco thing he ever did. It contains a light disco wah-wah guitar line and some melodious saxophone from David Sanborn. Bowie's vocal is sensually soulful and there are a few laid-back soul-influenced bits in the middle before the groove kicks backs in again.

Despite the fact that it is nothing like the original song, I have always quite liked it. It fits in with the Young Americans vibe and indeed was on the original, aborted Gouster album.

Regarding the various remasters around - the EMI/RYKO has the bonus tracks It’s Gonna Be MeWho Can I Be Now, and the disco-ed up John, I’m Only Dancing (Again) but it has a bit if a lo-fi, muffled sound, in my opinion. Having said that, turn it up a bit louder than you would other recordings and a nice, subtle bass sound is revealed, together with a clarity to the guitar sounds. 

The 1999 remaster is clear, sharp and loud.

The 30th anniversary remasters are excellent but hard to get hold of these days.

The 2017 box set Who Can I Be Now? remaster is excellent. It is in possession of a deep, rich bass. However, in comparison to the RYKO, for example, some of the guitar is a bit less clear. 

STATION TO STATION (1976)


Station To Station/Golden Years/Word On A Wing/TVC15/Stay/Wild Is The Wind   

By 1976, the cocaine-addled David Bowie had start to leave behind his supposed "white soul" experiment that resulted in 1975's Young Americans album and, ditching the powder blue suits, reinvented himself as "The Thin White Duke" complete with accusations of giving Nazi salutes at London's Victoria Station and giving out various pretentious pronouncements about the state of global politics and so on. Bowie's persona was not a particularly pleasant one at this time, however, indulged by an adoring media (despite the goldmine that punk was about to give them) and still extremely drug-ravaged he managed to come up with this work of genius. Ever the enigma inside a riddle or whatever the saying is. The great chameleon changeling had done it again.



It was, though, a somewhat difficult album to analyse. It is simultaneously accessible yet darkly impenetrable, a merging of "krautrock", white funk, white soul and a bit of pop sensibility. Influences are clear, from Neu! and Kraftwerk especially, that chugging, electronic "motorik" metronomic beat that those groups utilised. In my view, and indeed that of many others, the supposed "Berlin Trilogy" began here, for sure. Station To Station really should be included alongside Low"Heroes" and Lodger. Then again, however, those European influences are only really obvious on the title track. The other songs still carry quite a bit of the funk, rhythmic and soulful feel of the previous album. It is, despite its obviously dark, dense and intense opener, not quite as oppressive and sparse an album as popular opinion would have it. It is certainly no "Heroes". What it does provide, I guess, is the bridging point between the funk/soul of Young Americans and the sparse soundscapes of Low. It was recorded in sunny Los Angeles too, not dreary Berlin.



Lyrically, it is extremely sombre, with Bowie being influenced by occultism, philosophy and dark mythology, the works of Nietzsche and Aleister Crowley. Bowie said of the album, some twenty years later -

"....First, there's the content, which nobody's actually been terribly clear about. The "Station to Station" track itself is very much concerned with the stations of the cross. All the references within the piece are to do with the Kabbalah. It's the nearest album to a magick treatise that I've written. I've never read a review that really sussed it. It's an extremely dark album. Miserable time to live through, I must say....".

Maybe Bowie was still on the drugs when he said that....

I guess Bowie was right, none of us will ever really get it, possibly not being in tune with whatever "magick treatises" are. I almost feel that the lyrics could be anything on these songs, it is the overall ambience that takes over. The lyrics are unfathomable at times, but therein lies their intriguing appeal. Since when have Bowie's lyrics ever been straightforward, anyway?

Station To Station - here we went then, getting on the trans-Europe train with the monochrome “Thin White Duke”. It all began with this, Bowie’s longest-ever track.

It is overflowing with Krautrock Kraftwerk influences, particularly in its slow building first half, where chugging train noises give way to industrial piano, drums and rhythm guitar. This is all very dense, sparse and stark. The second half of the song finds it going far more upbeat after five minutes with the “once there were mountains” part that eventually morphs into the concluding “the European canon is here” refrain. All the parts of the track are really atmospheric and, although minimalist in essence, it seems as if it is full of activity. From its initial throbbing bass, two note piano and then thumping drums it is a vibrant delight of inventive ingenuity.

Bowie has said that the title refers not so much to railway stations as to the Stations Of The Cross, while the line "From Kether to Malkuth" relates to mystical places in the Kabbalah, mixing Christian and Jewish allusions. I can't say I ever saw it that way. It was always just the simple train travel for me! That's the beauty of Bowie songs, though, isn't it? Whatever you thought it was about invariably it wasn't.

Bowie also addresses his drug habit head-on with the “it’s not the side effects of the cocaine” line.

Quite what the song was all about is unclear and, for me, no amount of analysis, and I have read lots, will change that. It remains a mystery. What is probably not in doubt is that Bowie wanted to escape his drug-addled US hell and start again in the fresh, rarified European air. It would be something that would serve him well over the next few years.

  

Golden Years was the album’s hit single and it was a soulful throwback to the Young Americans album with its infectious vocals and polished, light funky backing. Bowie famously sung (mimed) this on the famed US soul TV show Soul Train.

It is a great song that you can’t help singing along to and one that sticks in the brain. It is chock full of hooks and is so nostalgic for me of the autumn of 1975.

It remains a bit at odds with the album’s other material, however. It sort of acts as Bowie’s goodbye to his short-lived soul era, to an extent. It pre-dates the album’s other songs by several months.

Word On A Wing was apparently born out of Bowie’s cocaine-addled despair as he tried to make sense of the “scheme of things”. Pianist Roy (E St. Band) Bittan contributes a most attractive and melodic backing to the song, sounding quite different to his E St. work. A lovely deep bass underpins the song and Bowie’s vocal is deeply moving, far lower in tone than it often is, at times, in the song.

It is a beautiful, soulful song that actually has some of the soul feel of Young Americans about it. It certainly is no bleak, industrial soundscape, far from it.

Bowie is at his most expressively pious too as he sings “Lord, Lord..” as if he is asking for help. Not thus far a man for traditional religion, this was unusual. He basically wanted a way out from his Hollywood excesses.

  

TVC15 is a very odd, vaguely funky song about people being consumed and eaten by their televisions. It has some irresistible hooks and, for me, is very Bowie, lyrically. That whole repeated, addictive "transmission/transition" thing. Check out that bass line for a lovely warm depth. The saxophone backing too, is sublime, from Bowie himself. It was one of the songs performed by Bowie at Live Aid in 1985.

For a song on a supposedly dark and bleak album, it is a remarkably jaunty, upbeat number, driven along by honky-tonk piano and doo-wop backing vocals.

In its latest (2016) remaster, the song sounds beautifully big, booming and bassy for maybe the first time.

On Stay maybe Young Americans hadn’t been left behind after all, because this is an incredibly funky track, with a marvellous wah-wah riff, rumbling bass and funky congas/drums backing a Bowie vocal that is sort of similar to the one that he used on John I’m Only Dancing (Again). Bassist George Murray is outstanding on this, as is drummer Dennis Davis. Earl Slick contributes some searing hard rock guitar too, making it a track that crossed over many styles.

The track's opening guitar riff and the way it interacts with the bass, the congas and the drums is scintillating, one of the best passages on the album. Listening to this again, this track is funky as hell.



Wild Is The Wind was a cover of a Johnny Mathis easy listening song from 1956. Bowie does it absolutely beautifully, singing incredibly well over a sumptuous bass, acoustic guitar and gently shuffling drum backing. It sort of sits alone from the rest of the album in a Lady Grinning Soul kind of way. It is lovely, truly lovely.

When Bowie hits that high note on “I hear the sound of mandolins” it is spine-tingling.
             
I cannot state it enough, for all its perplexing undertones, this album really is a remarkable piece of work. Despite all my nostalgia for Ziggy from my early teenage years, this puts that album to the sword, quickly and efficiently, creatively. This was a far more diverse, challenging and innovative piece of work. It was also supremely influential, having an effect on the post punk genre in particular.

An interesting comment on the recording comes from pianist Roy (E St. Band) Bittan, talking to "Rolling Stone"-

"....I was staying at the Sunset Marquis in Los Angeles when we were on the Born To Run tour in 1975. David’s guitar player, Earl Slick, was a friend of mine. I bumped into him at the hotel and he said, ‘I can’t believe you’re here. We were just talking about you.’ David knew we were coming to town and he wanted a keyboard player.

When I arrived the next day at the studio David said to me, ‘Do you know who Professor Longhair is?’ I said, ‘Know him? I saw him play at a little roadhouse in Houston about three weeks ago!’ I wound up doing an imitation of Professor Longhair interpreting a David Bowie song. We began with ‘TVC 15’ and I wound up playing on every song besides “Wild Is The Wind”. It must have only been about three days. It’s one of my favorite projects I’ve ever worked on.....".

Regarding the many remasterings of it, it is all a matter of personal taste. I am a bass-appreciating man. I love the 2016 remaster and the 1999 one. I have less time for the tinny/muffled EMI/RYKO one, although I am softening to it and, while I own the "original analog one" I find it comparatively a bit dull, flat and lifeless. That is just me, though. I know many people love it for the reasons I am not so keen on it. To be fair, I have to admit that it does have a nice strong bass that comes over a bit like the bass on a classic mono recording - straight out of the centre of your speakers. So, maybe I am softening to that remaster too.



The Harry Maslin Remix available via the Who Can I Be Now? box set or via individual track download is a work of beauty. It adds an amazing new feel to the album and is definitely worth a listen. TVC15, particularly, comes to a new life in this mix. It has more strident drums and piano and enhanced new backing vocals. Of course, it messes around with the original mix that we are used to and that can be irritating, but I prefer to just listen to these recordings with an open mind, treating it almost as a slightly different album to the original.

Whatever format, this is a highly recommended album. Incidentally, I will always prefer the "white cover" of the original release, feeling it it suits the monochrome, minimalist ambience of the music far better than the colour one that has appeared on later releases of it. Ironically, the latter was the original choice for the album, until Bowie changed it to black and white at the last minute.

Photo by Bob Gruen.

LOW (1977)


Speed Of Life/Breaking Glass/What In The World/Sound And Vision/Always Crashing In The Same Car/Be My Wife/A New Career In A New Town/Warszawa/Art Decade/Weeping Wall/Subterraneans      

Low, released in January 1977, has long divided opinion. At the time, many were perplexed by the original "side two" of dense, metallic, sombre ambient instrumentals conjured up by Bowie and Brian Eno. Also mystifying to many were the six "semi songs" contained on the original "side one", most around two to three minutes in length and having a somewhat "unfinished" feel to them. The semi-instrumental chart hit Sound And Vision with its "blue, blue electric blue" catchline, was the most accessible, along with the slightly poppy Be My Wife. I clearly remember the reaction at the time of a lot of fans was "what the...." and there were lots of moans about "wasted money" etc. Indeed, RCA executives wrote Bowie a letter upon hearing the album, requesting another Young Americans-style album. Bowie is said to have framed the letter and hung it on his wall.

Bowie had visited Berlin in 1976, trying to get off the drugs (possibly unsuccessfully as his companion was Iggy Pop). He also was worried about his sanity due to his unpredictable, odd behaviour during 1975-76. It definitely provided a boost. Bowie's influence from krautrock groups like Tangerine DreamNeu! and Kraftwerk grew even stronger as well as he met various German musicians while there. He had this to say about the city -

"....For many years Berlin had appealed to me as a sort of sanctuary-like situation. It was one of the few cities where I could move around in virtual anonymity. I was going broke; it was cheap to live. For some reason, Berliners just didn't care. Well, not about an English rock singer, anyway...."

It certainly suited Bowie, and resulted in three inventive, ground-breaking albums that saw a complete re-invention of his career. For many, this period saw the artist at his innovative, creative peak.

The picture above shows the apartment in which Bowie stayed in Berlin's Schöneberg district in 1976-77.

As for the music, it was certainly a challenging, esoteric mixture, and it struggled to convince many fans.
                           
However, despite the contemporary befuddlement, the material on the old "side one" are all excellent songs. They are just short. That said, it sort of suits them. They all have excellent hooks and inventive, often addictive instrumentation. Lots of fuzzy guitar, powerful drums and deceptively strong Bowie vocals abound. All of them are mightily appealing.

 

The opener, the instrumental Speed Of Life, has a huge vitality to it and just feels enormously positive from the off. It has a big rumbling bass sound (particularly on the excellent 2016 remaster) and some most inventive, descending synthesiser runs. While "Heroes" was said to be very dark (and indeed it was in many places), I have always found the old "side one" of Low to be lively, open and vibrant, as befitting its bright orange cover (as opposed to "Heroes"' monochrome one). Incidentally, it "fades in" at the beginning, making it feel as if you have arrived late.

Breaking Glass is accompanied by huge, thumping drums and some solid guitar interspersed with some high-pitched synthesiser breaks of the kind Gary Numan would utilise a lot a couple of years later. Although short it is a good track. I have to say it ends all too soon, though, it is the one that really seems just like a fragment of a song, somewhat unfinished.

What In The World was an attractive, lively art-rocky love song from Bowie to a "little girl with grey eyes". As on all these tracks, the bass, drums and lead guitar are outstanding. The "for your love" refrain could be a reference from Bowie to his sixties favourites, The Yardbirds. Once again, this sounds superb in its latest 2016 remaster.

Sound And Vision was the album's hit single had some absolutely killer synthesiser hooks and almost invented "synth pop". It was a semi-instrumental with just a few lyrics - the "blue, blue electric blue" refrain that really caught on and had people singing along with it. From its opening rat-a-tat drum beat through its addictive bass to its swirling, rising synthesisers, this is a pleasure from beginning to end. "Don't you wonder sometimes - 'bout sound and vision...", sung smokily and sonorously by Bowie was a great line. I have to reiterate about the bass - George Murray's contribution is superb.

An interesting bit of trivia is that the "doo doo doo" backing vocals wer sung by sixties folk singer Mary "Those Were The Days" Hopkin, wife of the album's producer Tony Visconti.

Always Crashing In The Same Car is one of the slightly longer of the short tracks and is enhanced by some excellent lead guitar lines from Ricky Gardiner and a lyric inspired by Bowie actually crashing his own car. It features more great bass from George Murray and drums from fellow Station To Station bandmate Dennis Davis.

The reference to a girl called "Jesamine" could have been inspired by the late sixties hit of the same name by The Casuals.

Be My Wife features some more impressive guitar and some clunky, bar-room piano back this enjoyable track. There is great bass and drum interplay beneath Bowie's vocal on the first "be my wife" chorus. "I've lived all over the world, I've lived in every place..." sings Bowie, always an inveterate traveller. The bass line the guitar interjections on this really make it. It is a bit of an overlooked gem from the period.

  

A New Career In A New Town is a lively instrumental to end this side, nothing like the sombre, atmospheric material that we would be presented with on the other side, driven along by some catchy synthesiser, thumping regular drums, crashing percussion and some distant harmonica.

The instrumental side is a masterpiece of ambient, sombre instrumentation, full of synthesiser sounds, weird noises, bleak keyboards and an overwhelmingly oppressive atmosphere. This is where the album turned from orange to dark. This is what perplexed fans at the time. In the ensuing years, of course, it has been hailed as work of genius. I'm not sure about that. I think Bowie and Eno just struck on something that they felt was right at the time and perversely stuck with it. Musically, it is not actually that adventurous, but the tracks all flow into each other with one heck of an evocative atmosphere. In that way, it is actually extremely adventurous, however. It is all about the overall effect. The effect of this album is certainly one that sticks with you. It begs repeated listens. 

Warszawa is full of deep, sonorous, almost funereal synthesiser lines and is punctuated by occasional incomprehensible lyrics. What language are they in? Who knows. They sound like Gregorian chant or even something made up like Esperanto. "Warszawa" is, of course, the proper Polish spelling of Warsaw. It therefore suits the whole Eastern European vibe of the album. I remember catching a Berlin-Warsaw train one dark November afternoon and feeling I was being really "Bowie".

Art Decade was lighter in feel and melody, only just though. Some vaguely "flushing toilet" sounds accompany the gloomy synthesiser passages. It is very much influenced by krautrock band Neu!, for me, and no doubt for many others too. Was the title a pun on "art decayed"?



Weeping Wall was referring possibly/probably to the Berlin Wall, this track had a fetching xylophone backing, merged with some buzzy electric guitar. It is a slightly brighter track again, but the overall ambience is still one of dull oppression. Some more monk-like chanted vocals appear half way through. It is often wondered how this sort of stuff went down in 1977. I can assure you that it initially went down badly, very badly. As post punk appeared in late 1977 through to the end of the decade, the album gained more kudos by the week, however.

To fit in with its title, Subterraneans reverts to a brooding, overpoweringly dark synthesiser sound. According to Bowie, it was about those who got caught in East Berlin after the forced separation. I can get that, it is a very doom-laden piece, bringing to mind little but despair. Bowie's deep saxophone suits its ambience perfectly. I have never quite known what the few vocals meant or in what language they were sung/chanted. 

There were a couple of tracks that possibly dated from the Low sessions and failed to make the final cut:-

Some Are found Bowie's music completely changing. This was an out-take from the Low sessions and is thought to date back as early as 1975 for some. Bowie himself disputed this, claiming it came from a bit later. Anyway, it was part of his collaboration with Brian Eno and is a sonorous keyboard piece with occasional mysterious, haunting vocals about "sleigh bells in snow". It included some wolf noises in the background and is full of atmosphere. It would have been fine on Low's second side.

All Saints has been included on CD as part of the unreleased material from the Low sessions. However, Tony Visconti had no memory of working on the track and is adamant that the tape loop deep synthesiser sounds of the beguiling instrumental were not the sort of thing they used either on Low or "Heroes". He believes it dates from the eighties, therefore. Either way, it is an intriguing and interesting piece. It certainly fits the vibe of those two albums. For that reason, I will probably always feel that is where it dates from, even though I know I am probably wrong.

Sound And Vision is a remix of the hit single from Low and it is notable for its "new" drum sound - a big, warm, pounding affair that adds more rhythm to the track. The saxophone near the end is considerably enhanced and there are less synthesiser breaks. I like it although I prefer the original. I enjoy quite a few re-mixes but invariably they never take the place of the originals.

Now, regarding the album's sound. In 2018, opinions are still divided, but it is about the quality of the latest Tony Visconti remastering. Many find it "compressed", "too loud", "too bassy" and so on. Personally, I totally and unequivocally disagree in the strongest possible terms. This is the big, loud, bassy reproduction of Low that I have waited forty years to hear. In my view, and it is only my view, the EMI/RYKO remaster was tinny and muffled and far too low in both volume and clarity and while I like many of the 1999 remasters, I found it didn't quite work so well on Low - again being a bit too trebly for my taste.

I like my music big and bass heavy. I like my walls to shake and this is what this remastering will do. At last. Speed Of Life, many people's bete noire on this remastering is for me, a triumph. Just listen to the big, throbbing bass on it. Thank you Tony Visconti, you would seem to share my taste and I'll take that. If I am out of kilter with several thousand "audiophiles" I'll take that too. Good.

"HEROES" (1977)


Beauty And The Beast/Joe The Lion/"Heroes"/Sons Of The Silent Age/Blackout/V-2 Schneider/Sense Of Doubt/Moss Garden/Neuköln/The Secret Life Of Arabia   

Remaining in Cold War oppressed Berlin after the recording of LowDavid Bowie's "Heroes" was a ground-breaking, adventurous, genre-busting album. It was controversial upon its release due to its almost blatantly uncommercial, "anti-rock" ambience. Released at the height of punk, it influenced so many of the "post punk" bands that soon were everywhere. It influenced bands like Magazine and Joy Division, but also synthesiser-dominated groups like The Human League and, later, New Order. It was one of the most influential albums of its time, without question. It is not an instant album. Not at all. Even its vocal numbers have bleak, clunky, dense soundscapes that broke all existing moulds and the instrumental numbers are seriously dark. Although Bowie had set the trend with the previous year's Low, this was a far less accessible album even than that one, and that is saying something. It was marketed by RCA thus - "there's new wave, there's old wave, and there's David Bowie...". That hit the nail on the head. It was a special, genre-busting creation.

Some have said that this was a less sombre and melancholy album than Low had been. I have to disagree with that one, finding this by far the bleaker, denser album. As I said, this is not an instant album but it has a strange, growing appeal. I often return to it. An enjoyable thing to do is randomly shuffle the tracks with those from Talking Heads' Fear Of Music (also worked on by Brian Eno). You get quite an industrial soundscape.

The previous Teutonic musical influences are all still there - Neu! (who had produced a track called Hero in 1975), Tangerine Dream and Kraftwerk, although no German musicians are involved apart from backing singer Antonia MaassKing Crimson guitarist Robert Fripp was flown in and laid down the guitar part for Beauty And The Beast while suffering from jet leg, apparently. The lyrics to Joe The Lion were improvisedly written in under an hour, according to producer Tony Visconti.

Beauty And The Beast kicks the album off positively with some thumping drums, fast-paced, deep keyboard riffs, high-pitched backing vocals and a menacing-sounding vocal from Bowie. It is far denser, deeper, more industrial in sound than the vocal material on Low. This track exemplifies that change. This a far more industrial in sound, providing that post punk inspiration.

Joe The Lion continues in the same impenetrable, foggy vein of its predecessor, although the fog lifts on the "it's Monday" vocal bit where the murk disappears just slightly, briefly. Quite what "Joe the lion, made of iron.." referred to is unclear, to me, anyway.  Who was he? What was it about? As I mentioned earlier, the lyrics were written quickly, on the hoof, so nobody really knew. They just made it up at the time.

  

"Heroes" - Well, what more is there to be said about this cold war love song? It has become one of Bowie's most famous song, its lyric used many times by many people in search of some uplifting "believe in yourself" inspiration (largely because of the chorus, as opposed to the verses, which are comparatively uneasy and wishing for things that may not happen - "standing by the wall.... swimming like dolphins..." etc). "You can be mean and I'll drink all the time", however, is just one more of many of the song's lyrics that show that the song isn't just a simple "we can make it against all odds" anthem. There is a lot of underlying ambiguity, cynicism and paranoia lurking within its spray-painted concrete walls.

Back to the song as a whole, everything about it is superb - that wonderful synthesiser leading riff, Bowie's soaring vocal and, of course, Robert Fripp's marvellous lead guitar bursts.



Sons Of The Silent Age has Bowie utilising that "mockney", mannered, hammy vocal for one of the first times since the late sixties. It is a haunting, quite depressing song in tune with much of the album. It is one of Bowie's most underrated reflective numbers. Musically, its bass line is sublime.

Blackout. This bleak but sonically frantic number is also very central to the album's feel. The "I'll kiss you in the rain.." vocal bit is very Beatles-influenced and there are hints of Talking Heads in there too (or rather Talking Heads were influenced by this). Dennis Davis's madcap drumming is a highlight. "Get me off the streets" shrieks Bowie in a sort of post Diamond Dogs fashion.

Now for the instrumentals. I have always had a weakness for the early Roxy Music saxophone meets Kraftwerk vibe of "V-2 Schneider". It is a marvellously upbeat piece of late seventies electronic instrumental music. It is the most fast paced of the instrumentals and has a real positive sound to it, despite its dense ambience.

 

Now for the real gloomy stuff. Sense Of Doubt is so deep and reverberating it makes the blinds at my window literally shake. Its synthesiser passages take you deep int the earth's core. A haunting wind sound links it to the tape loop noises of the introduction to Moss Garden. Some gentle but sharp Japanese strings cut through the thick air of the track's keyboards. It is vaguely more uplifting and ambient than its predecessor, although Neuköln gets right back to the almost troglodytic gloom. The Eastern-sounding saxophone bits are there because Neuköln was a deprived, run-down area of Berlin populated largely by Turkish immigrants. Despite its depressing sound, it is actually a most evocative piece.

This instrumental part of the album was as baffling to people at the time as the similar side of Low had been, but for most, the more you listened to it, the more oddly appealing it became. It set the foundations for so much subsequent ambient music. While Low came as something of a cultural shock, the first strains of post-punk were starting to make themselves heard and certainly this album didn't seem anything like as odd or unexpected as its predecessor had been.

The Secret Life Of Arabia. Unlike on Low, after the instrumentals we get one final vocal track - the comparatively jaunty strains of this percussive number lift our spirits again. Bowie's vocal is lively but very haughty and the song is backed by a nice bluesy harmonica lurking beneath the basic rhythm. There are also handclap and backing vocals to make this a most upbeat end to what had been a largely downbeat, introspective album.          

There is only one recording from the sessions that didn't make it on to the album, possibly and this was Abdulmajid - Tony Visconti believes this Eastern-influenced instrumental was definitely worked on during the "Heroes" sessions, but the version that eventually surfaced had been re-mixed and added to during the nineties. He could tell, again, the with the Low material, from the type of instruments used. Who am I to disagree? Once more, it is an impressive track and would have suited the "Heroes" album.


Regarding the new, quite controversial remastering of the album, contrary to what many others have felt about these latest batch of 2017 Tony Visconti remasters, I absolutely love them and feel they are the best ever remasters of what were always, for me, and I stress, for me, frustratingly tinny albums. Each to their own I suppose. I love my music to be "big" and very bass heavy, so these remasters do the job for me, and some. Before this edition, I did not listen to "Heroes" so much. Now I listen to it a lot more. I watched a brief video clip where Tony Visconti talked through the creation of the title track and it introduced me to sounds contained within it that I really had not realised were there. That said, though, the album has always had a somewhat muffled, industrial and murky sound which no amount of remastering can completely cure, and this is still slightly the case, despite this excellent effort.

I find all the EMI/RYKOs somewhat lo-hi, muffled and just not my sonic cup of tea. I own them all for the bonus material. The 1999s are an improvement but these 2015-2017 ones give me the most satisfaction, but as I said, that is just me. They suit me but don't seem to suit many others.




STAGE (1978)


Warszawa/"Heroes"/What In The World/Be My Wife/The Jean Genie/Blackout/Sense Of Doubt/Speed Of Life/Breaking Glass/Beauty And The Beast/Fame/Five Years/Soul Love/Star/Hang On To Yourself/Ziggy Stardust/Suffragette City/Art Decade/Alabama Song/Station To Station/Stay/TVC15      

I had always had a problem with the original release of Stage in that the tracks were not in the proper setlist order, the Ziggy tracks came at the beginning, not half way through the set, for example. Now the songs run in the correct setlist order and there are some additions, and, for me, the album is now all the better for it. With regard to Bowie's "chat" between songs that some people have said over the years that they want to hear, it really doesn't bother me so much. Indeed, to be perfectly honest, I would rather they are not there! I am remembering the "give me a man with a strong arm" bit that came into the Santa Monica recording.

 
                                                     
With regard to the placing of The Jean Genie and Suffragette City in the setlist, I agree with some with reference to Genie, it doesn't sit particularly well after Be My Wife from Low and before Blackout from "Heroes". Suffragette coming after Ziggy is, however, perfectly acceptable - that's what it does on the original album, of course. Anyway, these are minor things. What order Bowie chose to play the songs was his choice, after all. Also, it is a great "proper" blues rock version of Genie in comparison to the irritating "slowed down verses" versions that appeared on David Live and Cracked Actor from the Diamond Dogs tour recordings. This is my favourite live version of Genie.




Regarding the remastered sound. For me, I think the remastered sound on this 2017 release is wonderful. Highlights being the drum and guitar sound and stereo separation on Be My Wife, the (possibly) electric violin sound that greatly enhances Warszawa, the synth and drum intro to Speed Of Life, the beautifully warm bass on "Heroes", the thumping bass on Breaking Glass, and the funky intro to Blackout which improves on the original, in my opinion. Indeed all the Low/"Heroes" tracks are played really well and offer differences to the originals. Particularly impressive is how good the instrumentals sound. Very atmospheric. I always wondered if they would come over convincingly, live, and, scattered around the set, they certainly do. You get the sombre feeling of Sense Of Doubt followed by the cheerfully upbeat Speed Of Life. Great positioning. 

The "Ziggy with synthesisers" material less so, I'm afraid. Hang On To Yourself and Star particularly suffer with synths dominating instead of solo searing guitar intros. This also applies to Suffragette City, which loses much of its glam attack appeal and the intro to Ziggy Stardust itself. That is a riff that surely has to be played on guitar. Never mind. I listen to Stage to hear the Low"Heroes" and Station To Station material played live. The Ziggy era songs can be found better elsewhere - Santa Monica and Hammersmith Odeon.

Apparently Station To Station is a recording made up from two different concert recordings, a cut and paste job. To be honest, you can't really tell, although once you know you sort of can ( I wish I hadn't read that in Nicholas Pegg's excellent book!).

In conclusion I find this a most rewarding release. I obtained it via the A New Career In A New Town box set. The original CD release with its strange running order is contained there too and has now been rendered irrelevant by this one.


WELCOME TO THE BLACKOUT (1978)


Warszawa/"Heroes"/What In The World/Be My Wife/The Jean Genie/Blackout/Sense Of Doubt/Speed Of Life/Sound And Vision/Breaking Glass/Fame/Beauty And The Beast/Five Years/Soul Love/Star/Hang On To Yourself/Ziggy Stardust/Suffragette City/Art Decade/Alabama Song/Station To Station/TVC15/Stay/Rebel Rebel    

This is a fantastic addition to the David Bowie catalogue that many of us have collected over the years. While I aways loved David Live, particularly in its latest Tony Visconti remaster, I feel that the recently released Cracked Actor is the far superior concert recording from that era, with the tension within Bowie’s band dissipating and they reach top form. The same comparison can be made between the original live recording from this tour, Stage and this newly released recording. While Stage in its recent remaster, is sounding at its best ever, this recording blows it away - vibrant, vivacious and full of vitality. The band are just superb. Adrian Belew’s guitar absolutely owns the whole album. Bowie sounds as if he is having a ball, as indeed do the whole band. It dates from early July 1978 and was the last night of the tour, whereas Stage was from April and May of the same year. The band seem to have really “upped it” just as the band did back in 1974 between July’s David Live and September’s Cracked Actor.
                                     
The sonorous Warszawa is pretty much played as it was on Stage but a slowed-down, stately, magnificent "Heroes", with a slightly different opening synth line in places, backed by an insistent piano, sets the tone for one hell of a gig. It is just inspiring, uplifting, beautiful. Great rolling drums on there from the wonderful Dennis Davis. The best live recording of “Heroes” I have ever heard. My goodness, we are only at the start of the show.

 

What In The World is played at an absolute breakneck pace and almost sounds as if is going to fall off the edge of a cliff at one point, it is so frantic. Some far more noticeable backing vocals than on Stage and some stunning Adrian Belew guitar parts. Be My Wife has Bowie’s “mockney” hammy voice up to the max and some delicious electronic keyboard swirls together with some delicious bass. This is a musical revelation. Great stuff. Bowie’s voice has that soaring high-pitched bit at one point and, again the guitar is just superb, cutting through the air like a knife. The Jean Genie has a livewire, affected, almost bonkers vocal from Bowie and the guitar is just exhilarating. Blackout is powerful, full of attack and verve. It almost gives the track a new life.

Sense Of Doubt is suitably mysterious, full of clunking piano and weird creaking noises. Speed Of Life has all those sweeping synthesiser riffs that you would expect, and a big, rumbling bass, plus a few more additional noises not present on the original studio recording. Some great percussion on it too. Just a joy to listen to. Sound And Vision  is in the set here (it wasn’t on Stage) and a stonking, captivating version it is too. The tracks from Low and "Heroes” just sound so damn good. They really do. Breaking Glass is next. Note perfect and a wired performance from Bowie. There is also an extended vocal/drum percussion bit at the end which gives the song even more appeal.



The funk of Fame is so suited to this set. It becomes a celebration of electric funk. I can’t stress enough how good the man’s vocals are in this concert. If he’s on something it certainly has added something. He is hyped up and on top of things from beginning to end. “Fiiime” he intones joyously before launching into a madcap Beauty And The Beast, with Belew slicing open the Earl’s Court air with some searing guitar.

So ends the Low/"Heroes” material section. Now for the Ziggy section. Dennis Davis’s drum sound out beneath the band intros and then we’re into Ziggy’s iconic opener, Five Years. A lovely guitar from Carlos Alomar (I think) underpins the verses. Bowie’s vocal delivery is peerless. I am listening to this for the first time as I write. My God. It almost has tears in my eyes. This is just the dog’s undercarriage. Just listen to that swirling synthesiser. Soul Love, an underrated track, is played just a tiny bit too fast (maybe), but otherwise its lovely, with some great lead guitar and bass. Star is raucously punchier than its Stage equivalent, with a rumbling bass and some more guitar but the main riff is still played on keyboards, which was always a shame, but that was just the sound of the tour. Not so much with the punky thrash of Hang On To Yourself which jolts the corpse of Ziggy to rise from the grave. Full of electric vigour. Great noises at the end. Then it’s time for Ziggy Stardust, the synthesiser riff augmented by guitar, thank goodness, some delicious slowed-down guitar-driven bits. Majestic. Bombastic and brimful of confidence. The kids hadn’t killed this man.

Suffragette City just kicks posterior, big time. Big, chunky guitar, almost as if Ronno is back. Listen to that Ronson-esque solo in the middle. Bowie heaven. Calm down the pace somewhat now, back to Low for the melodically mournful Art Decade, played to the high standard of all the other instrumentals. It actually sounds more interesting and beguiling than on the studio version. More background noises and percussion. Now, I have never liked Alabama Song, so I’ll not say too much about it, except the backing vocals are screeching, histrionic and irritating! Some no doubt love it, though. Nice solid bass on it, however.

Some have found the Station To Station intro too bizarre, too many noises and so on. I love it. It is rowdy, clashing and loudly appealing. I would say that it goes on a little too long to the detriment of the song, though. When the familiar part kicks on it is powerful, thumping and dramatic. The same applies to an urgent, rocking TVC15, with some infectious wah-wah guitar and an addictive bass line. Stay is more rocking funk with another camped-up Bowie vocal. It morphs into a bluesy, laid-back, soulful Rebel Rebel.

Phew. What a show.

The cover has, I am sure, deliberately used Bowie in that controversial “salute” pose. Cheeky.

Overall, what a truly wonderful release. Yes, I love the new remaster of Stage, but I love this more.

LODGER (1979)


Fantastic Voyage/African Night Flight/Move On/Yassassin/Red Sails/DJ/Look Back In Anger/Boys Keep Swinging/Repetition/Red Money        

Coming after the excellent, ground-breaking Low and Heroes albums, Lodger was always the poor relation of the so-called "Berlin Trilogy", both critically and in reality. This was, to a certain extent, the result of the album's muffled, lifeless sound. This tended to overshadow the fact that there were some hidden gems on here, if only they could be given a little polish. Thankfully, this has now been the case.

This is the remaster I have waited nearly forty years for. As I said, the album has always, in my opinion, suffered from appalling sound. The original RCA release was pretty much unlistenable and the 1990 EMI/RYKO not much better with a muffled sound that led one to think the album was just badly recorded in the first place, something that was substantiated with the 1999 release which offered little improvement. Others in that batch were more than acceptable, yet Lodger was always dreadful. The one thing I will say about the RYKO remaster, however, is that Bowie's voice is the clearest on that remaster than on any of them, it is just that the music needs more "oomph". Also, listening again to the 1999 on good equipment, it sounds relatively clear too. 

 
                  
Some people have complained about various faults, a few seconds lost here and there etc. It those things matter to them then fair enough, they will not enjoy this release. If you want to experience this interesting album with a far fuller, bassier, richer sound and discover things in it that you didn't know were there - some of the odd sounds in African Night Flight for example, then this is for you. "Compression"? You know what - I don't even know what it is. Neither do I care. I just know this version of Lodger is the best I have ever heard it*.

The guitar on Move On is vastly clearer, as is the intro to YassassinRed Sails has a whole lot more going on. The bass on Boys Keep Swinging and on Repetition is far more punchy. Great. I find myself enjoying listening to Lodger far more than I ever did. I used to always feel frustrated when listening to it - wanting to improve it. Now I don't need to feel that way.


Regarding the songs themselves in more detail, there are some genuinely odd and intoxicating ones on here - the opener, Fantastic Voyage, is a musically attractive song featuring mandolin and some intriguing cold war-influenced lyrics. Of course, the bonkers, avant-garde fun of African Night Flight (inspired by ex-WWII German pilots still living in East Africa) is a strange song, but it has an oddly captivating appeal and the beguiling middle-Eastern tones and slight reggae tinges of Yassassin make for a most interesting song, both of these things Bowie had not really experimented with before. I have come to really like these three.

Then there are the Buddy Holly rolling drum stylings, dense guitars and eventual shambling atmosphere of Move On; the “new romantic” (before the term had been invented) chorus of the krautrock-ish and lively Red Sails, with its bizarre "hinterland, the hinterland, we're going to sail to the hinterland" lyric; the anthemic, rousing Look Back In Anger (possibly the album's best song) and the creepy, disturbing, edgy Repetition with its unexpected lyrics about wife-beating. Bowie was rarely so obvious in his lyrics, he didn't stray into "real life" descriptions very much, preferring to remain oblique. This is what makes this surprising song different.

The re-write of Iggy Pop's Sister Midnight Bowie collaboration, the quirky Red Money, has a brooding, sombre post-punk appeal about it. All of these songs have their moments, especially when remastered or remixed well. Apparently Bowie wanted the feel of German avant-garde band Neu! on Red Sails and explained this to guitarist Adrian Belew, who had never heard of Neu!, and he came up with exactly what Bowie wanted. Sometimes things just happen like that. 

The hit singles DJ and Boys Keep Swinging are both upbeat, commercially direct songs, if not quite the "Bowie classics" of some other hits. The 1977-78 Talking Heads-influenced DJ is a catchy, singalong number but I have to say that I always found Boys Keep Swinging a bit of a silly song, despite its often-acclaimed "camp" humour. That said, every time I hear it I find I enjoy it and it brings back nostalgic memories of 1979 for me. The first time I ever heard it was in a pizza restaurant in Canterbury called Sweeney Todd's and I was eating a sausage and jalapeño pizza that was so hot that they gave you a free pint of beer. Funny how you remember things. Maybe eating that mega-hot pizza was something I could do "when I was a boy (sic)". Both these singles carried evidence within them of the sort of electro-pop that Bowie would continue to produce in songs like Scary Monsters (And Super Creeps) and Fashion - lots of pounding drums, keyboard riffs, swirling electronic noises and, of course, the Bowie knack for a great hook. All these tracks stand out on their respective albums as obvious choices for singles. 

Overall, there was a definite lyrical pattern to the first five songs on the album - one of global travel, to Cyprus, Africa, Turkey, Russia, Japan and Germany and a cold war anti-nuclear uneasiness too whereas the latter half was more about hedonism and partying but with some dark undertones, lyrically and musically. There were also some signs as to future musical directions. The staccato Red Money provided a precursor to some of the material on the second half of Tonight and Repetition did the same for the second half of Let's Dance, for me, anyway. 




The album has always been the poor relation of the trilogy, however, and not just because of the afore-mentioned previously poor sound but also because there just seems to be slightly less ground-breaking "stardust" about it than the other two undoubtedly possessed. Indeed, guitarist Adrian Belew (replacement here for Robert Fripp) said of Bowie and Brian Eno, working together here for the final time until 1995's Outside - 

"They didn't quarrel or anything uncivilised like that; they just didn't seem to have the spark that I imagine they might have had during the "Heroes" album."

It was probably just a vibrant working creative seam getting mined out, to be honest. I agree with Belew though, you can sort of feel it. Just a bit. 

  

The 2017 Tony Visconti "remix" of the album to be found on the A New Career In A New Town box set is a thing of beauty. It gives yet another dimension to this often overlooked but always interesting album. It is warmer and bassier, at last. Check out DJAfrican Night Flight, Move On or Red Sails as examples. There is no artist whose work is better able to cope with a bit of tinkering than Bowie and Visconti's effort here is superb. There is a very convincing argument, from me, at least, for this being the best version of the album. An intriguing comparison between the remaster and the remix can be found here - https://www.superdeluxeedition.com/reviews/review-david-bowies-lodger-2017-remaster-vs-2017-visconti-remix/. Maybe, as those accursed "audiophiles" say, it "breathes" more than the 2017 Visconti remaster. They may have a point here, although I enjoy both of them. 

Finally, an interesting Bowie rarity that some believe hails from this period is I Pray, Olé. Nobody quite knows the provenance of this track, which was included as a bonus track on the RYKO reissue of the Lodger album. It definitely has similarities to Lodger material - Red Sails and Repetition in particular - in its drum sound and keyboard riff. Tony Visconti has no knowledge of it and says it is definitely not from the Lodger sessions. He suspects it may be from around the Scary Monsters period, but updated by Bowie in the early nineties.

With regard to the song itself, it is energetic and appealing enough, but is nothing special. Add it to a play of Lodger, however, and it doesn't sound out of place.



THE COMMERCIAL ERA (1980-1985)



David Bowie had so many phases in his career, but this, for me, was the final one in the first half of many years of releasing albums. There has always been an invisible line, as far as I am concerned, that begins after the release of Never Let Me Down. After that, although I liked some of the material, I have never seen it as part of the pre-1987 output. Obviously, it isn't anyway, but I know what I mean. Bowie pre-1987 was a different artist to Bowie post 1993.

Anyway, on to this era. It was an odd one. The deathly-white, drug-ravaged figure of the late seventies suddenly became a walking advert for a healthy lifestyle, sporting a deep, golden sun tan, bleached blond hair and wearing tailored pastel shaded suits. Personally, I preferred him looking as if he were at death's door! No longer putting out edgy music, Bowie had become a purveyor of ht singles, playing to huge outdoor stadium audiences. The great leftfield innovator had become pop royalty, his music sitting alongside that of Phil Collins and Michael Jackson in the collections of those who owned less than twenty albums. It would be something Bowie would come to question himself.

This was, however, the peak of his unit-shifting popularity.

SCARY MONSTERS (1980)


It's No Game (Part One)/Up The Hill Backwards/Scary Monsters ( And Super Creeps)/Ashes To Ashes/Fashion/Teenage Wildlife/Scream Like A Baby/Kingdom Come/Because You're Young/It's No Game (Part Two)  

Bowie's 1980 release, coming after the so-called "Berlin Trilogy" was commercially more successful than its predecessor, Lodger. Brian Eno had gone by now. Bowie was on a bit of a new lease of life as a new decade began. After treading water somewhat in the (slightly) undercooked Lodger (although I like it), it seemed as if Bowie had rediscovered his mojo to an extent, however, with this one. He seemed happier, healthier and very creative. This album was a precursor to the huge commercial "comeback" that Let's Dance saw in 1983. Personally, I much prefer this album. Having said, that, for some reason, it is an album I never really got into, either back then or now, not nearly as much I did others. I am not quite sure that is because it is certainly a very good album. In a reference to all the new wave/post punk/new romantic acts influenced by Bowie's recent work, RCA marketed the album as "often copied, never equalled".

For many, though, it has become the "go to" album when talking of Bowie's last great album. It has become something of a cliché to hear "this is Bowie's best album since Scary Monsters" trotted out, lazily. 

There is certainly a lot more verve and vibrancy about it, I have to say. Neither was it as quirky or oddball. It contained a massive number one single in the addictive, evocative and smoky-voiced Ashes To Ashes, where the spirit of Major Tom was evoked, and another big hit in the New Romantics' favourite, Fashion. with its infectious "ooh-wah" backing vocals and contemporary New York disco funk sound. That searing guitar on it was singularly impressive. Robert Fripp was back on duty, after having being replaced by Adrian Belew on Lodger. Pretty much everything about the sound on the song is top notch. Lyrically, however, the song is not quite the unbridled celebration of fashion culture that one may perceive it to have been. The line "It's loud and it's tasteless and I've heard it before..." betrays a Bowie becoming somewhat world-weary and cynical. The punters didn't detect that, though, and lapped it up like the very consumers Bowie was tiring of. One thing that has always irritated me mildly about it, I have to admit, is when Bowie sings "the-er-er dance floor...". First prize for nit picking for me there.

   

I have to say that the first six tracks take some beating, including the slightly bizarre ranting Japanese vocals from Michi Hirota duetting with Bowie on the frenetic sound of It's No Game (Part One) .

The "Heroes" album-esque and quirky Scary Monsters (And Super Creeps) (also featuring some great guitar runs and a pounding drum sound) and the catchy, build-up song Up The Hill Backwards were both instantly appealing tracks and there is also the "Heroes" (part two) feel of the impressive and grandiose Teenage Wildlife, which features one of Bowie's finest vocals. This sprawling, vacillating track has always felt a little jumbled and at times struggling to find a coherence, for me, I will reluctantly say, despite its anthemic potential. It remains an undervalued Bowie classic, albeit a flawed one.

The second half of the album veers away from the more commercially appealing numbers towards a denser, more rocky sound. It mustn't be underestimated or overlooked, however. Some of the album's most enigmatic and creative material is to be found here. Firstly, we have the dark, nihilistic future shock story of Scream Like A Baby, with its punk/new wave undertones, followed by the similarly post punk-ish, guitar-driven cover of a Tom Verlaine song in the solid rock of Kingdom Come. Its comparative lightness of melody and occasional poppiness casts it as the album's The Prettiest Star, in some ways.

Then comes The Who's Pete Townshend guesting on guitar for the excellent, underrated Because You're Young (to be honest, though, I can't pick out Pete much). The song tries to reach the rousing strains of Teenage Wildlife and almost makes it, but not quite. It is still a bit of a hidden gem though, with its singalong chorus and Jimmy Destri of Blondie-influenced Farfisa organ sound. Some feel it is the album's weakest track. Not me. Finally, It's No Game (Part Two) is the better of the two bookend numbers that use the same backing track, having far more lyrics and a fine, soaring Bowie vocal. The lyrics find Bowie saying "to be insulted by these fascists is so degrading...". After briefly flirting with fascism in 1976 (in occasional inference) during his coke-addled period, he is now taking a completely different stance. He is now very much the compassionate, caring, globally-aware socialist.




The one session track that was not included on the album is:-

Crystal Japan. This (unsurprisingly) Japanese-influenced instrumental is from the 1980 sessions for Scary Monsters. It has a very "Heroes" feel about it, though, in its deep, reverberating and mournful synthesiser passages. It has a lot of the ambience of Moss Garden, for me.

Also around from the same period was a stripped-down, acoustic version of Space Oddity which is ok, but pales against the original; an odd, re-recorded, trying to be contemporary version of Panic In Detroit, which definitely doesn't match the original and a cover of Bertholt Brecht's Alabama Song which has never appealed to me, despite its Teutonic, 1930s atmosphere.

The 2017 series, supervised by Tony Visconti, is another superb re-release. The remastering is, in my opinion, perfect. Full, clear and with the bass to the fore, it is how I like my remasters. Many will probably not like it, as indeed they didn't with the 2017 remasters of Low"Heroes" and Lodger. Personally, I can't get enough of all of them. They have reawakened my interest in these albums, after all these years.

  

LET'S DANCE (1983)


Modern Love/China Girl/Let's Dance/Without You/Ricochet/Criminal World/Cat People (Putting Out Fire)/Shake It       

After a few years in the comparative “wilderness”, David Bowie was back, all sun tanned, bleached-blond, besuited and healthy-looking with his most commercially successful album in a long time. Appealing to the masses with the three huge hits - Let's Dance,  China Girl and Modern Love, Bowie himself referred to the period as his “Phil Collins” years.
                                    
Produced by Chic’s Nile Rodgers and featuring blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan, the music is a mixture of rubber-band bass-driven disco funk, searing lead bluesy guitar and punchy horn backing. A fusion like that had not really been heard before. Despite its commercial old “side one” a good way of appreciating this album is to listen to the “other tracks”. 

Incidentally, before going on to the songs, it is worth hearing what Vaughan said of working with Bowie on the album - 

"....David Bowie is real easy to work with. He knows what he's doing in the studio and he doesn't mess around. He comes right in and goes to work. Most of the time, David did the vocals and then I played my parts. A lot of the time, he just wanted me to cut loose. He'd give his opinion on the stuff he liked and the stuff that needed work. Almost everything was cut in one or two takes. I think there was only one thing that needed three takes...."

Taking Vaughan's words into account leads one to appreciate the album more. If it was laid down in so ad hoc a fashion, it is pretty impressive. Out of interest, Bowie plays no instruments on this album, for the first time in ages. This is another piece of evidence to support the case that this incarnation of Bowie considers himself a "pop star" vocalist first and foremost. He would come to question this, though, as I detail later on. 

   

The beautiful Without You with its falsetto chorus is a much-underrated Bowie classic. Then there is the reggae-tinged funk and sumptuous horns of Ricochet and the wonderful guitar and white soul vocals of Criminal WorldCat People (Putting Out Fire) has a heavier, rock appeal about it. However, Shake It seems to recycle the Let’s Dance hook and chorus in many ways, thus seems to be a bit of a “treading water” throwaway.



Bowie later said that the success of the album caused him to hit a creative low point in his career which lasted the next few years - 

".. I remember looking out over these waves of people (who were coming to hear this record played live) and think "I wonder how many Velvet Underground albums these people have in their record collections?". I suddenly felt very apart from my audience and it was depressing, because I didn't know what they wanted...".

This is a very telling quote indeed. I rarely listen to this album, particularly the first three tracks, maybe I, as part of his audience, felt apart from Bowie for the first time since 1972? I certainly didn’t want Bowie to be a slave to what the masses wanted. I was never really happy with the suit and tie, blonde haired, sun tanned look. Bowie looked like he had stepped out of the office of a Californian real estate company. Surely this was the worst of all his “images”?

  

The 2018 remaster is excellent - full, balanced and bassy. It has allowed me to revisit the album with new ears, particularly the non-single tracks, listening to them in a new light, hearing nuances I didn't know existed.

After his follow-up albums - Tonight in 1984 and 1987’s Never Let Me Down - were critically dismissed (in some ways, unfairly, in my opinion), Bowie formed the grunge-precursor band Tin Machine in an effort to regain his artistic vision.



LIVE IN VANCOUVER: THE SERIOUS MOONLIGHT TOUR (1983)


Look Back In Anger/"Heroes"/What In The World/Golden Years/Fashion/Let's Dance/Breaking Glass/Life On Mars?/Sorrow/Cat People/China Girl/Scary Monsters/Rebel Rebel/White Light/White Heat/Station To Station/Cracked Actor/Ashes To Ashes/Space Oddity/Young Americans/Fame/Modern Love

Released as part of the Loving The Alien box set, this is live set from 1983 that has fine sound quality. It is good to finally get an “official” concert release from this period.

It is not, however, from Bowie’s finest period, musically or appearance-wise. This was the “Serious Moonlight” tour, with Bowie sporting that odd bleached-blonde foppy hairdo, powder blue suits and a golden suntan. Not his best look. It didn’t quite fit singing Station To Station.

  

I find the material is blighted somewhat by a keyboard-dominated eighties instrumentation. The saxophone swirling all over most of the numbers is even more ubiquitous than on “David Live”. Now, I love the saxophone, and it is fine here on Sorrow (nice to hear that live rarity) and actually enhances the Low tracks, What In The World and Breaking Glass, but, combined with swathes of eighties keyboards it gives us one of Bowie’s less impressive renditions of "Heroes".

Golden YearsFashion and Let's Dance are all convincing, and, actually the big production on Life On Mars? comes off too. White Light/ White Heat is given a huge, horn-driven backing that makes Bowie’s band sound like Bruce Springsteen’s E St. Band in the Tunnel Of Love Miami Horns phase. This brass accompaniment is used on Station To Station which somewhat changes the previous stark, bleakness of the song. It was played much more convincingly in 1976 and 1978. Here it sounds like a big production number with wailing “wooh-wooh” backing vocals and punchy horns. For me, it doesn’t really work.




Cracked Actor is played in David Live style, virtually note perfect to that 1974 incarnation, with the saxophone riff replacing the original guitar. A huge success on this album, though, is Ashes To Ashes, which is the best performance on the album. The instrumental backing suits it perfectly, with that iconic keyboard riff reproduced impressively and Bowie’s vocal is sonorously brilliant here. Space Oddity surprised me, actually, it sounds great, with muscular drums and a stonking guitar solo.

It is so damn good to hear my favourite Bowie track, Young Americans played live. It is difficult to play live, I should imagine, but it is done so well here, with Bowie singing it wonderfully. It is played even better on the 1987 Glass Spider live album though. Here it starts with acoustic guitar in place of the iconic drum intro. On the 1987 one you get the drums. Fame is excellent, also suiting the current band, as is the closer, Modern Love.

Despite certain misgivings about the eighties instrumentation and presentation of the songs I still found it a really enjoyable live album.





TONIGHT (1984)


Loving The Alien/Don't Look Down/God Only Knows/Tonight/Neighbourhood Threat/Blue Jean/Tumble And Twirl/I Keep Forgettin'/Dancing With The Big Boys   

After the commercial disco blues/funk of Let’s Dance, this rather hurriedly recorded follow up in the next year has always been a bit unfairly maligned. Yes, by Bowie’s own admittance, his muse had deserted him to an extent and he was struggling to come to a conclusion as to what his “new”, charts-influenced, stadium rock audience expected from him, however, there is still some good material on this album. Adding The Borneo Horns to the musicians, it is a summery, reggae and at times Latin-influenced sound that we get here, actually quite unique in the Bowie canon.

Look, it is pretty fashionable to criticise this album. Not for me. I actually quite like it. 

Bowie had his own slightly negative feelings about it, though, which cannot be ignored -

“….It was rushed. The process wasn't rushed; we actually took our time recording the thing; Let's Dance was done in three weeks, Tonight took five weeks or something, which for me is a really long time. I like to work fast in the studio. There wasn't much of my writing on it 'cause I can't write on tour and I hadn't assembled anything to put out. But I thought it a kind of violent effort at a kind of “Pin Ups”…..”
                            
As this quote shows, Bowie had some dissatisfactions with the album and this has certainly always been true of the opener - Bowie has never been happy with Loving The Alien. I am not sure why. It sounds excellent to me - brooding, soulful, atmospheric, evocative. Without doubt the best track on the album, for me, despite its composer's misgivings.

   

The reggae of Don't Look Down is actually convincing (unusual for non-Jamaican artists) and, personally, the much-maligned cover of The Beach Boys God Only Knows is absolutely beautiful. Lovely orchestration and Bowie’s voice as good as it has ever been, paying great respect to an iconic song. The reggae and horns backing on Tonight is more obviously commercial, but it is not a bad song, as Bowie duets with Tina Turner.

Bowie was also not happy with Neighbourhood Threat, one of a few covers of old mate Iggy Pop’s material. Again, it is nowhere near as bad as popularly thought. Great bass sound, incisive guitar, pounding drums and a convincing vocal. The hit single, Blue Jean is a keeper too. Great riff and chorus. One of Bowie’s better mid-career singles, often underrated. Tumble And Twirl is catchy, rhythmic and appealing as Bowie sings about Borneo, and would not have sounded out of place on Lodger in some ways. I Keep Forgettin' is an almost rock 'n' roll number with sixties influences and another impressive horns backing. These often-forgotten tracks deserve more listens than they usually inspire.




Dancing With The Big Boys is an addition to DJ and Boys Keep Swinging in the list of Bowie’s upbeat “danceable” material. It is good too - the horns punchy and completing perfectly the energetic lead guitar riffs and the pace of the drum rhythm never lets up. Another underrated one. It was a shame the non-album single, This Is Not America was not included. Had it been, opinions of the album may have been more favourable.

The 2018 remaster of the album is excellent - nice and punchy, with a strong, muscular bass sound. It particularly enhances the lesser-known tracks for me, such as Don't Look DownTumble And TwirlI Keep Forgettin' and Dancing With The Big Boys. The rhythm, bass and percussion sound great.

 

As with the next album, Never Let Me Down, these are often referred to as being Bowie’s worst albums. Personally, I prefer them to any of the 1990s/early 2000s releases, by far. There are also excellent 12” mixes available of Tumble And TwirlDancing With The Big BoysDon’t Look Down and Loving The Alien.

NEVER LET ME DOWN (1987)


Day In Day Out/Time Will Crawl/Beat Of Your Drum/Never Let Me Down/Zeroes/Glass Spider/Shining Star/New York's In Love/'87 And Cry/Bang Bang/Too Dizzy * on original album  

I have never quite understood the bad press this album gets. Yes, I accept that it is no Ziggy StardustAladdin Sane or Low, but I have to admit that I prefer listening to it to either of its two predecessors, Let’s Dance or Tonight. It brings back happy memories for me of 1987 and I guess that always helps, but I genuinely feel it is a more than acceptable album, given the paucity of classic material being produced at the time.

Bowie's own reaction to it has been changeable, to say the least. Upon its release, he had this to say -

"...I've made about 20 albums during my career, and so far this is my third biggest seller. So I can't be that disappointed, yet, it is a letdown that it hasn't been as buoyant as it should be. ... But I don’t really feel that negative about it. As far as I'm concerned it's one of the better albums I've made. As I've said. Never Let Me Down has been a pretty big seller for me. So I'm quite happy...."

By 1990, he had changed his mind a little -

"....Never Let Me Down had good songs that I mistreated. I didn't really apply myself. I wasn't quite sure what I was supposed to be doing. I wish there had been someone around who could have told me...."

and by 1995 he was full-on against it -

"....The great public esteem at that time meant absolutely nothing to me. It didn't make me feel good. I felt dissatisfied with everything I was doing, and eventually it started showing in my work. Let's Dance was an excellent album in a certain genre, but the next two albums after that Tonight and Never Let Me Down showed that my lack of interest in my own work was really becoming transparent. My nadir was Never Let Me Down. It was such an awful album. I've gotten to a place now where I'm not very judgmental about myself. I put out what I do, whether it's in visual arts or in music, because I know that everything I do is really heartfelt. Even if it's a failure artistically, it doesn't bother me in the same way that Never Let Me Down bothers me. I really shouldn't have even bothered going into the studio to record it. In fact, when I play it, I wonder if I did sometimes...."

So, we have an album that its composer sometimes disowns, and the listening public also do to a great extent. Is there anything good about it? Personally, I have always liked it and feel that there is plenty of good material on there.

As mid to late 80s music was dominated by synthesisers and synth drums and so on, it is welcome on this album to hear Peter "Frampton Comes Alive” Frampton’s guitar ring out, especially on the three excellent opening tracks - Day In Day Out, the memorable, catchy Time Will Crawl and the rocking Beat Of Your DrumGranted, Never Let Me Down is not quite as good, but it is pleasant enough. Actually it is no more or no less pleasant than Kooks on Hunky DoryZeroes is certainly as good as any other 1987 rocker too.

   

Glass Spider is in the territory of indulgence, I guess, but had it been put on Diamond Dogs it would have been labelled a work of genius. It is full of compelling, moving images. The breezy Shining Star and the rousing '87 And Cry are, in my opinion, perfectly enjoyable songs of their upbeat, poppy type. 



New York's In Love has real hints of The Velvet Underground's Rock And Roll about it, particularly the "everybody's waiting for the go-go boys" line.

Bang Bang sees the standard drop a bit but it is no worse than Too Dizzy, the song Bowie had removed from the original album (to be honest I always quite liked it!). 

This is a good late 80s album of upbeat pop songs. It serves its purpose. Just enjoy it for what it is, and don’t compare it to Bowie’s best work. It has to be said that Time Will Crawl is a great track, and would grace any Bowie album.

There were a couple of songs that were recorded for this album and were not chosen. They were both pretty good and merit acknowledgement:-

Julie. From the sessions for Never Let Me Down, this is a poppy, beaty and enjoyable song that would have been suitable for the album. Its rhythm is quite infectious and the whole thing is strangely carefree for a Bowie song.

Girls. Bowie wrote this for Tina Turner and it appeared on her Break Every Rule album. His own recording of it dated from the Never Let Me Down sessions and is not a bad track at all. It starts atmospherically, almost in a sort of Lady Grinning Soul mode - piano and vocal, before it breaks out into a big saxophone-driven eighties-style chorus. Some have expressed reservations about that part of the song. Not me. I have to say I really quite like it. It is a quality Bowie rarity and is more than the equal of much of the material on Never Let Me Down (which is also an album that I like a lot more than many do).

The 2018 remaster of the album takes away some of the eighties production harshness, giving it a big, thumping, bassy makeover. Check out Time Will Crawl or the title track for evidence. Or that Eastern guitar/percussion bit at the end of Zeroes. It has been given new life. These tracks sound great. In fact, the whole album does. It is a truly excellent remaster.

Incidentally, both Never Let Me Down and Shining Star have excellent extended 12” remixes that are available, full of some great saxophone breaks and pounding drums, that in many ways, improve upon the originals. 

  

There is also the 2018 Remix that is included in the Loving The Alien box set, which is revelatory, revisiting and re-tinkering with the tracks respectfully giving you different interpretations of them that I have a feeling Bowie himself may have approved of. Sadly, we will never know. Listening to it is a fine experience. It really does sound like a different album. Obviously, the foundations of the songs are the same, but there are sufficient differences as to render it a most interesting listen. Just check out Shining Star or Glass Spider with their contemporary-style backings for starters. 

NEVER LET ME DOWN: THE 2018 REMIX


I was greatly looking forward to hearing this 2018 interpretation of the material from 1987’s much-maligned Never Let Me Down album. Bowie was never happy with the initial recording of the album, and, although I have always liked the album, I do accept that some of the worst excesses of eighties production rubbed off on it - layered synthesisers, programmed drums and the like.

Apparently he gave his permission for his old band-mates, including Tin Machine’s Reeves Gabrels, to tinker around with the material and try to make it sound as maybe it orginally should have done.

Now, the question is - do they achieve that? Yes and no is my considered answer. Yes, they they take a lot of the offending keyboards from the recordings, change a lot of the guitar sound and add a more resonant bass. The problem with that bass is that in many places it is a dance music-influenced thumping, vibrating bass, thus the album just sounds, to some extent, like one of “dance mixes”. They also add sweeping synthesised strings, such as on The Beat Of Your Drum and Zeroes. Some of the songs, like Time Will Crawl begin with a stripped-down acoustic guitar before getting into the kicking rhythm I had grown to love. The title track has a huge muscular bass thump, and sounds very much like the “alternative dance” mixes of it from back in 1987, actually. The song is enhanced appealingly though, as is Day In Day Out, although the latter loses some of its original power, I feel. The same is true of Zeroes, which was remastered superbly on its 2018 remaster from the original album, with the marvellous Eastern guitar and percussion at the end being really enhanced. The version on here doesn’t really give us that.

Glass Spider is the track here given to most obvious makeover, adding several minutes to it and all sorts of different sounds. This is a good one. 87 And Cry is interesting too, although, like Zeroes I feel it has lost some of its “oomph”. Shining StarNew York’s In Love and Bang Bang are all given innovative and lively mixes but, you know, I actually still prefer the original album, warts and all, in its dynamic 2018 remastering, something that I feel gives me even more of a new feeling to the album than these alternative versions do. They do sound, to me, just a bit like dance versions of the songs, however interesting and appealing they are.




LIVE IN MONTREAL: THE GLASS SPIDER TOUR (1987)


Up The Hill Backwards/Glass Spider/Day In Day Out/Bang Bang/Absolute Beginners/Loving The Alien/China Girl/Rebel Rebel/Fashion/Scary Monsters/All The Madmen/Never Let Me Down/Big Brother/'87 And Cry/"Heroes"/Sons Of The Silent Age/Time Will Crawl/Young Americans/Beat Of Your Drum/The Jean Genie/Let's Dance/Fame/Time/Blue Jean/Modern Love

1987’s Glass Spider Tour, was like the Never Let Me Down album that it promoted, a much-derided creature. I caught the tour at the old Cardiff Arms Park and have to say I really enjoyed it. Nevertheless, a performer like David Bowie was always going to give us something that was good, despite the lesser quality of some of the material and the pretentiousness of the whole concept.

This is an enjoyable concert recording, from Montreal, with truly excellent sound. The intro guitar noise/“shut up” plea/rap samples and snippet of Up The Hill Backwards was not convincing though, sounding like something from a Madonna gig. Glass Spider is performed well enough, however, as is the always impressive Day In Day Out. The relatively ordinary Bang Bang is played with verve, vitality and vigour, coming across better live than it does on the album. The opening to Absolute Beginners is also sightly blighted by some Madonna-style sampling, but it soon kicks in to the recognisable “ba-ba-ba-oooh” vocal riff.

Loving The Alien is superb, with some sumptuous, sensual  saxophone in it and a powerful, sonorous Bowie vocal. There is some impressive drum/guitar interplay at the end, with a great guitar solo from Peter FramptonChina Girl is done pretty straight and, thankfully, Rebel Rebel reverts to being guitar-driven and riffy, as it should be. I do wish they had taken that “li-li-li” bit out of their interpretations of it, though.



Fashion has a completely pointless taped vocal introduction (or maybe it was live) with some backing vocalist wittering on about the Norse god Odin, for some unfathomable reason. One thing is for sure, the gods of pretension were walking the earth at this time. When it eventually breaks into the song it is as you would expect, but the synthesisers are laid on thick. There is some searing guitar present here, it has to be said. Scary Monsters rocks, big time. The band set up here suits the material from this period.

It is great to hear All The Madmen but why yet another strange vocal sampled intro? It obviously was de rigeur. I don’t remember feeling at the time that it was particularly strange. The interpretation is unfortunately synthesiser-dominated, but it is good to hear the song anyway. Most of the crowd probably hadn’t got a clue what the song was, or where it came from, judging by the distinctly muted post-song applause. Never Let Me Down is another cut from the album of the same name that is better here than in its original form. Here it is nice and clunky, with Frampton’s industrial guitar to the fore.










Seventies favourite Big Brother is given an outing. (I remember him playing this, one of the things that stuck in my memory). The Every Circling Skeletal Family is enhanced by using the saxophone. 87 And Cry rocks, and Frampton’s guitar is outstanding but again the synthesisers overwhelm it. At one point, Bowie sounds uncannily like Bob Dylan - “you saw him hanging on the enemy” bit. The guitar at the end sounds like Brian May in Queen"Heroes" is done really well here too, much better than in 1983. The saxophone adds great atmosphere to the evocative Sons Of The Silent Age and it is surprisingly well done, considering it came from the bleak “Heroes” period as opposed to this jaunty eighties era. It is the only appearance of this song on “official” live albums.

Time Will Crawl is impressive - rocking and muscular. It is simply a great track. Great trumpet solo on it too. Then there is my favourite - Young Americans performed as well as I have heard it done live. Beat Of Your Drum is solid, guitar-driven and exactly as it should be, so, Heaven thank us, is a searing The Jean Genie. Great to hear it played bluesily and straight, as opposed to the slowed-down David Live version. Let's Dance is as is a powerful Fame. Wonderful to hear Time played so well. Blue Jean and Modern Love finish the gig off in rousing, rocking fashion.

This is an enjoyable live album and, like 1983, it is good to hear a slightly different set list, but the worst excesses of the eighties put it below others, unfortunately.

A MORE CONTEMPORARY SOUND (1986-2003)



The nineties were where David Bowie changed quite considerably, musically, incorporating contemporary dance beats into his music and giving his sound a deeper, more dense production. Although it is not my favourite phase of his many phases, there is still plenty of material to enjoy. (It was strange how he looked like David Beckham for a while, though, wasn't it?).

TIN MACHINE (1989)


Heaven's In Here/Tin Machine/Prisoner Of Love/Crack City/I Can't Read/Under The God/Amazing/Working Class Hero/Bus Stop/Pretty Thing/Video Crime/Run/Sacrifice Yourself    

Bowie’s 1989 Tin Machine experiment, where he formed a “democratic” band with guitarist Reeves Gabrels and the rather odd Sales brothers, Tony and Hunt was roundly mocked and derided by the music media and fans alike, which is actually extremely unfair. The intention was to strip things down, become a “band”, as opposed to a David Bowie vehicle, and return to some raw, hard rocking, guitar-driven rock music. All good so far, nothing wrong with that. The problem came maybe because of the seemingly endlessly hype from Bowie about how glad he was “just to be one part of a democratic band” and how good it was to be back on the road again, playing small flea pits. Unfortunately it all seemed just a tad pretentious and it would have appeared to alienate a lot of people. “I love Bowie, anything but Tin Machine though” was an often heard statement at the time, and over the following years. To add to that, Bowie’s dress was down-stated and drab and he was bearded - no costumes or new “character” guise.

What I feel, though, is if this album had been released as a standard David Bowie release, the media would have been awash with “return to form” and “Bowie returns to his rock roots” quotes. The album would have been said to put 1987’s Never Let Me Down to shame. The fact that was not given any credibility at all it such a pity. In retrospect, though, people have started to view it more kindly, realising that in its grunge sound, Bowie was again ahead of his time (Nirvana were still a struggling small venue band at the time).

 
       
This is an excellent Bowie rock album, like The Man Who Sold The WorldZiggy Stardust and Aladdin Sane

The opener, Heaven's In Here is a impressive start, while Tin Machine is a frantic, punky piece of breakneck fun, with Bowie’s mockney vocals to the fore. Prisoner Of Love is as good a track as anything Bowie had done for several years.

Crack City is a mighty, powerful cut - again somewhat punky and grungy, all choppy guitars and nihilistic lyrics. It wouldn’t have sounded out of place on The Man Who Sold The World though. Bowie’s voice is on top form here. It is a sort of Diamond Dogs track for the late 1980s.



I Can't Read is a bit raucous and irritating, to be honest, although it has some understated bass lines in parts and some great guitar, but Under The God is another quality slice of urban guitar rock. This is another of the album’s cornerstones. It is an ear-spliting experience though. Amazing is as close as it gets to a drop in intensity and has hints of 2013’s The Next Day album about it.  Bowie’s cover of John Lennon’s Working Class Hero is excellent, turning the stark song into an insistent, menacing rock groove. Gabrels’ guitar is electrifying on this.

Bus Stop is another great track. How any Bowie fan could not get some enjoyment out of this is beyond me. The grunge attack continues with the remaining tracks to the end of the album and by now, it does get a bit exhausting. Listened to as a whole, all 14 tracks, it can get a bit jarring - the pace and the raw, pounding sound never lets up. There’s no Lady Grinning SoulSoul Love or The Supermen to change the soundscape and ambience for a while. But a track or two here and there every now and again is a pleasure. Listen to something like Pretty Thing as a one off and it is genuinely exhilarating. Or, alternatively, listen to the first seven or the last seven together, allowing more appreciation to the individual tracks, such as the excellent Run and Baby Can Dance from the last seven.

TIN MACHINE II (1991)


Baby Universal/One Shot/You Belong In Rock 'n' Roll/If There Is Something/Amlapura/Betty Wrong/You Can’t Talk/Stateside/Shopping For Girls/A Big Hurt/Sorry/Goodbye Mr. Ed

This was the second of the two Tin Machine studio albums, and has, unfortunately, largely been forgotten. This is a shame, because it is actually a really good album, full of solid rock songs. If anything, it is not quite as “in your face” as the debut album, containing more subtlety in places and less of the brash sonic assault. As with the first album, had this been released as a David Bowie album I am sure it would have been well-received, with praise along the lines of “look how Bowie has gone back to his rock roots here...”. As it was, Tin Machine tended to be treated with scorn, particularly by the media, which then filtered down to the public, who would come out with “Bowie’s ok, but what was Tin Machine all about?....” type of comments. As I said, this was a pity, because this is largely a good album.

So, on to it. Baby Universal is a pounding, catchy rocker to open with, featuring a big, rumbling bass line and some pounding drums. Bowie’s vocal is high in pitch but still copes with the power of the song. The riffy, chunky rock of One Shot sounded very similar to The Rolling Stones' 1986 One Hit To The Body, remarkably so, in fact, but it has never been mentioned as far as I can see. To be fair, it is only on the chorus refrain, it is a much slower number than The Stones’ one. Reeves Gabrels contributes a fine guitar solo on this one and, once again, Bowie’s vocal is strong. In anyone’s book, this is a fine Bowie rocker.

 

You Belong In Rock 'n' Roll is an infectious, understated rock song with some fine saxophone from Bowie near the end and a very nineties vocal, while the beefy cover of Roxy Music's If There Is Something is full-on and really impressive, Bowie even aping Bryan Ferry's vocal hiccuppiness at one point. The song is speeded up but it doesn't lose any of its appeal. Indeed, it sounds like a great Bowie original. I love the stripped-back bass, drums and vocal bit near the end, you know, the "when you were young" part. This is a bit of a never-mentioned Bowie gem.

Amlapura slows the pace down, a typically airy Bowie acoustic-driven number that could almost be off the Space Oddity album.  There are lots of hints of Bowie’s 1969-70 work in there. Betty Wrong (is that supposed to be a reverse of Betty Wright? If so, why?) is a muscular and once more enjoyably metronomic slow rocker. Nice guitar and drums driving it on. You Can’t Talk has echoes of 1979’s African Night Flight from the Lodger album and a Look Back In Anger-style riff. It features some early dance rhythms of that sort that would appear on 1997’s Earthling. The searing guitar is very Adrian Belew-sounding too.

Stateside has drummer Hunt Sales on vocals and his voice grates a little, the track is also a bit of a clunker but Bowie joins in on vocals and saxophone half way through to redeem it somewhat. Reeves Gabrels delivers a beautifully out-of-control guitar solo as well. The quality ups again on the very Bowie tones of Shopping For Girls, a track that would have been fine on Let’s DanceTonight or Never Let Me Down (admittedly this dates from several years later). A Big Hurt is the album’s most upbeat, energetic rocker, full of infectious riffs, that finds Bowie sounding as if he is really enjoying himself.

Sorry again features Hunt Sales on vocals on a slightly dull, plodding rock ballad that never really gets going. Goodbye Mr. Ed ends the album in true Bowie fashion as electric and acoustic guitars merge with a bit of a new wave-style beat. It is a bit of a precursor for 2002's Slip Away, from the Heathen album.

This was a David Bowie album in all but name, and a very good one.



BLACK TIE WHITE NOISE (1993)
  
        
The Wedding/You've Been Around/I Feel Free/Black Tie, White Noise/Jump They Say/Nite Flights/Pallas Athena/Miracle Goodnight/Don't Let Me Down And Down/Looking For Lester/I Know It's Gonna Happen Someday/The Wedding Song

For me, there are two parts of David Bowie's career, his Tin Machine work being the bridging point between the two. The first part is the part that really means the most to me, the second part begins here, in 1993, and heralds the start of far more use of dance rhythms and contemporary music, some of which I find less accessible than the sounds of the 1970s and 1980s.

David Bowie said this of recording the album -

"....I think this album comes from a very different emotional place than on previous albums. That's the passing of time, which has brought maturity and a willingness to relinquish full control over my emotions, let them go a bit, start relating to other people, which is something that's been happening to me slowly – and, my God, it's been uphill – over the last ten or twelve years. I feel a lot freer these days to be able to talk about myself and about what's happened to me, because I've been able to face it. For many years, everything was always blocked out. The day before was always blocked out. I never wanted to return to examine anything that I did particularly. But the stakes have changed. I feel alive, in a real sense....."
                           
What we were getting here was a newly-energised Bowie, fresh after his fun with Tin Machine, recovered after the travails of Never Let Me Down.

 

Anyway, on to this album in more detail. It begins with an appealing instrumental, The Wedding, which combines some Low/"Heroes"- style sonorous keyboards with a lilting, melodic bass line, some swirling saxophone  and some funky guitar riffs. It is quite captivating in its own, meandering way. Chic's Nile Rodgers was on production duties again (he did Let's Dance) and old band mates Mick Ronson (who tragically died 24 days after the album's release), pianist Mike Garson and Tin Machine's Reeves Gabrels. The next track, You've Been Around, is a thumping piece of jazz rock and funk mixed in. Bowie briefly references 1971's Changes in the lyrics. The album was, I guess, intended to be a sort of Young Americans part two - this time updated to be a sophisticated urban soul meets dance club techno rhythms. That treatment was given to Cream's sixties blues rock classic I Feel Free, pretty much rendering it unrecognisable. It actually just sounds like a great new, state-of-the-art Bowie song. It has mesmeric, intoxicating rhythms sliced apart by a searing Mick Ronson solo. It has to remembered that, in many ways, grunge was the music of the era, yet Bowie came out with something like this. Very adventurous as usual.

Bowie plays a lot of saxophone on the album, and Rodgers interestingly said of the fact -

"....I think David would be the first to admit that he's not a saxophonist in the traditional sense. I mean, you wouldn't call him up to do gigs. He uses his playing as an artistic tool. He's a painter. He hears an idea, and he goes with it. But he absolutely knows where he's going, because he damn well plays the same thing over and over again until I say, 'Well, I guess he hears that.' It's what you might call accidentally deliberate....".

A wonderful trumpet from Lester Bowie (no relation) introduces the ebullient and stimulating Black Tie, White Noise with an instantly recognisable Bowie vocal. It has a laid-back, summery feel and a vibe similar to that which some of the tracks on Tonight were aspiring to. It reminds me of several other songs, but I can't bring them to mind, just snatches here and there. Despite the almost chilled out vibe at times the lyrics are typically portentous in places. Bowie certainly seems rejuvenated here, both as a lyricist and vocalist. Jump They Say has a frantic, dance-influenced rhythm, all repetitive drum beats per minute and swirling saxophone in places. Bowie's vocal is one of those deep, serious-sounding ones. Some excellent brass soloing in the middle. It is a very instrumentally adventurous track, despite the metronomic drum sound. Nite Flights (actually a Walker Brothers cover, although again it sounds like a Bowie original) has a deep, bassy and another vibrating, deep and haughty vocal. In many ways, these tracks are like some of the "Heroes" and Lodger material but without some of the industrial electronic vibes of that era. Some U2-style electric guitar punctuate the air. They started putting out material like this within months. I wonder why? Bowie leading the way again. It sounds cliched, but it is true.

 

The instrumental (save a few chanted vocals) Pallas Athena has some real "Heroes" saxophone blowing all around its pounding, clubby drum beat. Miracle Goodnight has a incredibly catchy instrumental hook and again, Bowie's vocals are a nostalgic reminder of earlier eras. Don't Let Me Down And Down is a somewhat twee, romantic song that would have been slated had it appeared on Never Let Me Down or Tonight. It is/was so cliched and easy to criticise those albums yet praise this one. For me, I like them equally, There were good points on those albums, whatever the music media say. The song is perfectly acceptable though, but is certainly no work of genius. Looking For Lester is a strident instrumental featuring the talents of the afore-mentioned trumpeter once again. The presence of instrumentals on this album enhance the Low/"Heroes" comparisons in a tiny way, but of course the overall ambience is utterly different. Mike Garson has a trademark piano solo on the track too, which is always good to hear.

I Know It's Gonna Happen Someday is a cover of a Morrissey song. I know nothing about Morrissey's work so have no knowledge of the song but it seems to suit Bowie in a Wild Is The Wind sort of mournful way. The Wedding Song reprises the opening track with more pumping beats and  wailing saxophone from Bowie, as well as a floaty, indistinct vocal. It is a relaxing end to an intriguing album. It is my favourite of this "second period" Bowie work until The Next Day.

1.OUTSIDE (1995)


Leon Takes Us Outside/Outside/The Heart's Filthy Lesson/A Small Plot Of Land/Segue - Baby Grace ( A Horrid Cassette)/Hallo Spaceboy/The Motel/I Have Not Been To Oxford Town/No Control/Segue - Algeria Touchshriek/The Voyeur Of Utter Destruction (As Beauty)/Segue - Ramona A. Stone/I Am With Name/Wishful Beginnings/We Prick You/Segue - Nathan Adler (1)/I'm Deranged/Thru' These Architect's Eyes/Segue - Nathan Adler (2)/Strangers When We Meet 

David Bowie was back with old mate, producer Brian Eno for this one. It was released two years after the vaguely experimental Black Tie White Noise and it ploughed several new furrows - dance music, spoken interludes, electronica, post grunge and even more avant garde, piano-driven jazz than had been dabbled with on the previous album.

It has, supposedly, a "concept" about a detective investigating the horrific murder and dismembering of a fourteen year-old girl. All rather unsettling and frankly a bit odd. It features several characters and, in between the songs, has several short, often spoken pieces. The one called Baby Grace I actually don't ever play, finding it decidedly creepy. So, I just stick to the songs, leaving out the spoken interludes and, playing them thus, the "concept" fades away. Did I really care about these characters anyway? No. The songs can all be taken separately, at face value. Yes, I know it is supposed to be listened to in its original incarnation, but well, there you go, I don't. Am I "cheating" the concept? Bowie purists would undoubtedly say yes.

Bowie himself said that the album was intended to be post-apocalyptic in a slightly Diamond Dogs fashion as the end of the century approached, something about which Bowie seemed to have become increasingly afraid of.

  
                               
Outside is a solemn, intense but sonically addictive song, with a really strong Bowie vocal and a great sound to it. Lots of searing guitar, keyboards and a slow, industrial drum beat. I had forgotten what a good opener it was. Heart's Filthy Lesson introduces us to Bowie's dance beat experimentation that would continue into 1997's Earthling album. Beneath the thumping beat lies some madcap Mike Garson piano, some delicious rhythms, backing vocals and some haughty Bowie vocals coming in here and there. It is an innovatory and interesting track. Similarly so is the avant-garde jazz of A Small Plot Of Land, with old Ziggy-era pianist Mike Garson to the fore. It is a most unusual track with some beguiling rhythms, cutting Talking Heads-style guitar and oddly distant but sonorous vocals floating around from Bowie. It is one of his strangest songs.

Quite how Hallo Spaceboy, a crazed dance beat song with spacey overtones, fits in with the concept  is unclear. It seems completely incongruous to me. The Motel is a haunting, ethereal number with some more sumptuous Mike Garson piano, some absolutely killer Reeves Gabrels guitar and some echoes of the future in how some of the Blackstar album would sound in places. That whole futuristic jazz thing.

I Have Not Been To Oxford Town has Bowie narrating part of the album's concept, semi-singing over an insistent but highly captivating guitar-driven industrial rhythm. No Control has a slow-burning, walking pace dance-ishbeat and a typically arch Bowie vocal. The Voyeur Of Utter Destruction has some Aladdin Sane-style piano over another thumping dance beat.


I Am With Name is a bizarre, cacophonous piece of jazzy experimentation that doesn't lend itself to too many listens, to be honest. Wishful Beginnings has a sledgehammer single beat drum sound that goes right to one's centre. It is a slightly unnerving but infectious song. All very enigmatic.

We Prick You has the frantic, synthesised dance beat back again, but it features some excellent keyboard and guitar sounds too and an energising vocal. I'm Deranged just washes over you in a swathe of dance beats and occasionally tinkling piano with a somewhat airy, distant vocal. Thru' These Architect's Eyes is one of the album's best tracks. It has a rumbling bass line, great guitar riffs, yet more wonderful piano and Bowie powerfully incanting out the perplexing lyrics. Finally, (and this has been Bowie's longest ever album), we get the most conventionally-played number, Strangers When We Meet. It has an introductory riff vaguely reminiscent of Spencer Davis's Gimme Some Lovin'. It is probably my favourite on the album. It has a great hook, catchy melody and thankfully, no dance rhythms! A "proper" Bowie song - at last. These last two songs have been good ones, but, I have to admit, although the album is somewhat stodgy, it does indeed merit many listens. There is much beneath the surface. That is the mark of a good David Bowie album, I guess.

Incidentally the extended double disc edition of the album contains endless remixes of some of the tracks - five versions of Hearts Filthy Lesson, for example. It is a labour of love trawling through them all, but some of them are pretty good and sometimes superior to the one used on the actual album. I particularly like the bassy Rubber Mix of Heart's Filthy Lesson.

Interestingly, Brian Eno spoke one week after Bowie's death thus -

"....About a year ago we started talking about Outside – the last album we worked on together. We both liked that album a lot and felt that it had fallen through the cracks. We talked about revisiting it, taking it somewhere new. I was looking forward to that...."

What a shame it never came to pass.

EARTHLING (1997)

                             
Little Wonder/Looking For Satellites/Battle For Britain (The Letter)/Seven Years In Tibet/Dead Man Walking/Telling Lies/The Last Thing You Should Do/I'm Afraid Of Americans/Law (Earthlings On Fire)  

This was David Bowie's "dance" album, influenced by contemporary electronica and "drum and bass" synthesised sounds. It is not a genre that has ever really appealed to me, so, for that reason, it is not one of my favourite Bowie albums.

However, unlike a lot of drum and bass material, Bowie didn't simply take snippets, loops and samples of bits of other songs and paste them over a dance beat, he did create actual songs to go with the beat. They are lyrically pretty minimalist, but they are actual songs and do have a certain appeal. In some ways, though, the songs sound as if they are regular Bowie songs and he has slapped a dance beat on them. One wonders what they may have been like given a maybe more conventional rock backing, a soul backing, or a Tin Machine grungy backing. As it was, he wanted to give them a dance backing, so that was that. Beneath the slightly overwhelming backing, though, lie a few hidden treasures here and there. Bowie was always the great innovator, and he certainly is here. It is one of his most experimental albums, if not the most.

Bowie actually compared the album to Scary Monsters in its aural attack and I can sort of see what he meant. He said he wanted to be "dynamic and aggressive". It was certainly that, but, as I said, I would have preferred more guitar to programmed drums, but there you go.

Little Wonder does indeed have an intoxicating rhythm, a catchy chorus hook - "so far away..." and all sorts of electric noises coming in and out of the song, behind the metronomic, thumping dance beat. There are guitar bits, keyboard bits, strings bits. It is a veritable cornucopia of sounds, making it stand out a bit from the usual dance stuff.

 

Looking For Satellites is less frenetic, beat-wise and quite slow and industrial in its grinding beat and chanted vocal refrain about "shampoo, TV..." and so on. Battle For Britain (The Letter) actually sounds like a song from the Space Oddity era of the late sixties/early seventies until the huge drum machine rhythm kicks in. It has a great, sharp guitar interjection in places, which is quite exhilarating. The vocals just sound so evocative of that early era.

Seven Years In Tibet has really a chilled-out, quiet introduction and some plaintive Bowie vocals before a seriously huge, heavy blast of a chorus kicks in, then it goes quiet again. It is actually an intriguing song, with many facets. Typical Bowie in fact. Dead Man Walking sees a return to the 160 beats per minute, (or whatever it is), club beat backing. It has, beneath the synthesised onslaught, some excellent Bowie vocals and lyrics. It also has some interesting keyboard and guitar parts that have a Talking Heads feel to them in places. Right at the end, some recognisable Mike Garson piano arrives, a bit too late though.

Telling Lies is a sonorous, bassy thumper with another haunting and beguiling Bowie vocal. Again, one can't help but wonder what he song would have been like if given an alternative backing. The same applies to the mysterious The Last Thin You Should Do , which features some searing guitar from old Tin Machine mate Reeves Gabrels. By now, listening to this album, the monotonous beat is starting to grate a bit, I have to admit. I am saved, though, by the gloriously powerful, riffy and addictively catchy I'm Afraid Of Americans. This is, in my opinion, the best track on the album. It has some excellent lyrics, a great build up and a monster of a chorus. Law (Earthlings On Fire) has echoes of The Human League's Sound Of The Crowd in its vocal refrain. Otherwise it is pretty intransigent, clunky dance stodge. The album is not really my thing, but a dip into it every now and again can't harm.

CHANGESNOWBOWIE


The Man Who Sold The World/Aladdin Sane/White Light/White Heat/Shopping For Girls/Lady Stardust/The Supermen/Repetition/Andy Warhol/Quicksand

This is a streaming-only release made available in 2020, and is made up of session recordings cut in 1997. They are all most appealing, beautifully gentle acoustic (mostly) and bass versions with Gail Ann Dorsey's melodic bass the highlight of every track. Reeves Gabrels and Mark Plati contribute guitar and keyboards respectively.

The Man Who Sold The World is a wonderfully understated and hauntingly entrancing version as indeed is Aladdin Sane. I can't emphasise enough just how great the bass is and the acoustic guitar is crystal clear too. The vocal interplay between Bowie and the lovely-voiced Dorsey is stunning. The great thing about Bowie's songs is that, however, familiar one may be with the original, an alternative version is always intriguing, such is the strength of his compositions. Mark Plati tries to emulate Mike Garson's iconic piano bit with a modicum of success. Gabrels comes to the party with some fuzzy, rocking guitar on White Light/White Heat which rocks from beginning to end with an enthusiastic Bowie on fire vocally. Great stuff, I have to say.

Tin Machine's Shopping For Girls features some mysterious guitar parts and another very convincing vocal. Lady Stardust, that old blast from the past, is given a haunting makeover, while from even further back is The Supermen, which is delivered in razor sharp acoustic, bass and drum style. It positively bristles with updated vitality. I love it.

The lyrically disturbing Repetition, from 1979's Lodger, is played with a nice subtle drum sound and more cutting acoustics. Once again, it is a marvellous incarnation of the song. Fascinating. Andy Warhol was always acoustically sharp and it is so again. The beguiling Quicksand would seem to be tailor-made for this type of recreation and it duly proves to be the case, with a lovely Spanish guitar rendering this a "must hear" version.

Get hold of this if you can.



IS IT ANY WONDER?


The Man Who Sold The World/I Can't Read '97/Stay '97/Baby Universal '97/Nuts/The Man Who Sold The World (Eno "live" Mix)

This is another streaming-only release from 2020, available to access via streaming platforms such as Deezer and Spotify. It contains some interesting, eminently listenable rarities taken from sessions dating from 1997.

The first version of The Man Who The Sold World is also included on the Changesnowbowie streaming only release and is a beautifully subtle version of the song, featuring a simply sumptuous bass line from Gail Ann Dorsey. Bowie's vocal is much slower and ethereally plaintive and this, in tandem with the bass and gently strummed guitar brings out the haunting beauty of the song. The Brian Eno-produced version of the song is even slower, with a "chilled-out" soft dance beat and a ghostly feel to it. It has some fine, industrial guitar near the end too. Once more, it is a most intriguing re-working.

The acoustic vibe continues on a lovely reading of Tin Machine's I Can't Read that features an almost Spanish-sounding guitar. Once again, Bowie's soft, smoky voice is at its best, really enhancing the song. The original, full band-backed electric version is good too and this stark interpretation highlights Bowie's ability to make one song sound like two, the versions being so contrasting.

 

The funky Stay, originally from 1976's Station To Station, is re-worked here as an electro-dance number with some heavy, beaty drums and seriously deep bass and lots of guitar interjections. I have always loved the song and love this version of it, with its spacey vocals, buzzy guitar and electric funk breaks.

Tin Machine's Baby Universal is given a frantic, dance-ish makeover with lots of Earthling-style programmed drums rolling around all over it, together with scratchy, buzzy guitars and some sweeping keyboard rushes. The original is more direct and rocking and, on balance, I think I prefer that one.

Nuts is an interesting rarity, dating from the sessions for the 1997 Earthling album. It is an instrumental, broken only by the occasional muttering of "what you rather be doing?". Its sound is that of ambient dance-style relentless drum programming and gentle, throbbing bass. It is basically performed by guitarist Reeves Gabrels and keyboardist Mark Plati, with Bowie's only contribution his vocal interjections. It is less full-on than much of Earthling's material and would have provided some nice contrasting moods if it had been included on that album.

Overall, this is a short but worthy compilation that deserves more than just the occasional listen.



HOURS....(1999)

  
Thursday's Child/Something In The Air/Survive/If I'm Dreaming My Life/Seven/What's Really Happening/The Pretty Things Are Going To Hell/New Angels Of Promise/Brilliant Adventure/The Dreamers  

After the diversification into dance music experimentation that was Earthling, two years later, Bowie, thankfully, in my view, ditched the "beats per minute" and returned with this mainly melodic, ethereal, introspective album. He still employs programmed drums and bass guitar as opposed to a conventional band, but it often doesn't sound like it. Initially, they recorded it with a Diamond Dogs  guitar backing, which guitarist Reeves Gabrels much preferred, but in the end Bowie went for a more slick, contemporary sound. That was a shame, I would have liked to have head the original version.
                               
It kicks off with the airy, breathy Thursday's Child, which, although it appears to use programmed drums has a fetching melody and a killer bass line, which is also synthesised but actually sounds authentic. The same sound features on the relaxed and chilled-out intro to Something In The Air - a nonchalantly appealing and typically Bowie song. This album, far more than the previous two, sounds what I imagine a David Bowie album twenty-odd years on from the mid/late seventies should sound like. I much prefer it to either Earthling or 1.Outside, although there are many who would not agree with me.

 

Survive is, according to Bowie himself, very much written using similar structures to those used on Hunky Dory in the early seventies. I am sure he is correct, but I can't detect it myself. It sounds very much of its time. A bit of Starman style morse code guitar creeps in, however. If I'm Dreaming My Life is sombre and introspective and probably a bit too long. It is considerably darker and bleaker than the material so far.

Seven brings us back to a lighter mood, however, with a Hunky Dory style acoustic guitar intro, but that is as far as that tenuous link goes. For me, the material is not really reminiscent of any earlier era. It is Bowie as he was in 1999. It is music contemporary to its time.

What's Really Happening is a powerful, industrial-sounding rock number with a big drum sound and some "Heroes"-style guitar. The Pretty Things Are Going To Hell is a strong, riffy guitar-driven rock number, probably my favourite on the album. Bowie's vocal is deep and confident on this one too.

 

New Angels Of Promise starts with a Japanese-sounding intro and has lots of echoes of Sons Of The Silent Age in its deep, resonant vocals. Brilliant Adventure is an infectious, eastern-sounding instrumental which has always reminded me of the theme to Midnight Express. Again, it sounds a lot like the instrumental stuff from "Heroes", like Moss Garden. This relatively short album ends with the melancholy, sonorous The Dreamers, which is full of strong, powerful, scratchy guitar riffs and slightly distorted vocals. The album was quite harshly treated by critics at the time, which was somewhat unfair. It is not that bad at all.

HEATHEN (2002)


Sunday/Cactus/Slip Away/Slow Burn/Afraid/I've Been Waiting For You/I Would Be Your Slave/I Took A Trip On A Gemini Spaceship/5.15 The Angels Have Gone/Everyone Says "Hi"/A Better Future/Heathen (The Rays) 

This is an album that included three cover versions of other artists' songs and an upbeat, lively ambience, utilising a lot of drum machine rhythms (far more than on Reality for example, which used more "proper" drums). Personally, I prefer the latter, but this is certainly not a bad album, containing some interesting material that demands several listens.
                         
The haunting Sunday is a low-key beginning with a percussion riff that sounds as if was taken from the title track of Station To Station (the train sounding bit). There are other addictively weird electronic noises and Bowie's voice is sonorously haughty. After about four minutes it suddenly develops a pounding rock beat and then finishes, just when it was getting interesting. The powerful drum beat is continued in Cactus, which has an insistent rock beat which is almost "dance" in its metronomic consistency of rhythm. An acoustic guitar leads the track, however and the lyrics are somewhat bizarre. Apparently it is a cover of a song by The Pixies, something of which I was not aware (or of the original song, which I have just listened to, and enjoyed, although I prefer Bowie's version).



Slip Away is a melodic, grandiose song delivered in a sort of Space Oddity anthem type of fashion. It has "space" references and mentions in the chorus of "Uncle Floyd" who was a US children's TV character (another thing of which I had, or indeed have, no knowledge).

It is pretty much a consistently expressed opinion that the "Heroes"-esque Slow Burn is the favourite track on the album for most. It is mine too. It builds up magnificently, with a cutting lead guitar, great bass line and intoxicating rhythm that keeps your attention. It has hints, for me of Teenage Wildlife from Scary Monsters (that other notable "Heroes" re-write). I have read some commenters say that there are vague references to 9/11 (which took place during the recording sessions for this album) on this track and on other parts of the album. Personally, I don't pick up on them at all and indeed, Bowie has stated that none of the songs relate to that event. Maybe people are looking to hard for something that just isn't there. Either way, its a stunning track. Best on the album.

 

Afraid is pretty good too - lively, fast-paced track with some string orchestration in the backing and an energetic vocal from Bowie. I can see why it is often considered a bit of a throwaway after Slow Burn but I quite like it. The bass is superb too. I've Been Waiting For You is another good one, a cover from Neil Young's debut album, with a powerful guitar sound (more so than Young's, even) and strong hook. The rhythmic opening to I Would Be Your Slave is extremely catchy and the vocal is a typical Bowie one - instantly recognisable in that sort of Absolute Beginners yearning style.

I Took A Trip On A Gemini Spaceship sounds like something from the dance-influenced Earthling album, with that frantic, synthesised drum machine sound. It is vibrant, however, and actually a lot of fun. Almost as if Bowie is parodying himself. It is, however,  a cover of something by The Legendary Stardust Cowboy who I have blissfully never heard of. (I checked it out, it's phenomenally awful!) 5.15: The Angels Have Gone is a beguiling song with a totally addictive drum rhythm and a plaintive vocal. It does eventually kick in to a massive, heavy chorus before quietening down again into its inventive rhythm.  It is probably the most experimental, adventurous track on the album.



I find Everyone Says "Hi" to be somewhat twee, however. It has a good hook, though, with some "way-wah-wah-ooh" backing vocals straight off Absolute Beginners. I like A Better Future with its chant-like refrain of "I demand a better future..." and the album ends with the plaintive, haunting Heathen (The Rays). Not as good as Reality is my opinion, but an album worthy of repeated listens.

PS - On the extended version of this album are some excellent bonus tracks - the rocking re-makes of  the sixties tracks You've Got A Habit Of Leaving (which I love) and Baby Loves That WaySafe;  Shadow Man; When The Boys Come Marching Home, Wood Jackson and also re-recordings of Conversation Piece and Panic In Detroit. All these tracks are well worth checking out.

REALITY (2003)


New Killer Star/Pablo Picsasso/Never Get Old/The Loneliest Guy/Looking For Water/She'll Drive The Big Car/Days/Fall Dog Bombs The Moon/Try Some, Buy Some/Reality/Bring Me The Disco King  

This is a keyboard, electronic sound-dominated album, taking some of the sonic ambience of "Heroes"Lodger and, particularly Scary Monsters to produce an album that while, looking back to those albums, still managed, as Bowie always did, to sound contemporary. There are all sorts of weird dance-ish sort of sounds all over the album. Bowie's distinct vocal soars confidently over it all. It is one of my favourites of the "later period" Bowie albums. There is considerable contemporary influence on it, but it also rocks, as much as any of his later albums, which is so good to hear. Earl Slick and Mike Garson are present from days gone by too.

Bowie also showed he had lost none of his innate ability to produce a somewhat pretentious quote explaining the concept of the album, however -

"...I feel that reality has become an abstract for so many people over the last 20 years. Things that they regarded as truths seem to have just melted away, and it's almost as if we're thinking post-philosophically now. There's nothing to rely on any more. No knowledge, only interpretation of those facts that we seem to be inundated with on a daily basis. Knowledge seems to have been left behind and there's a sense that we are adrift at sea. There's nothing more to hold on to, and of course political circumstances just push that boat further out...."
                   
OK David, shall we get on with the music? The opener, New Killer Star features a really good Bowie vocal, a big thumping metronomic drum sound, some searing guitars and some swirling "Heroes"-style synthesiser riffs. The song has a catchy hook and something about it. "The great white scar over Battery Park" presumably refers, somewhat obliquely, to 9/11. It has an urban New York feel to it, anyway, or maybe I am subconsciously conditioned to thinking that.

 

The punchy, upbeat Pablo Picasso has a sumptuous, intoxicating bass line underpinning it some addictive keyboard riffs, Spanish guitar and some decidedly odd lyrics from Bowie about Pablo Picasso never being called an asshole. There is something vaguely Velvet Underground about this one and it has a very psychedelic sixties mandolin(?) solo part at the end. It is an appealing, beguiling track. Never Get Old has a booming, strident hook about never getting old (obviously). Bowie delivers the message wonderfully and you believe him. Of course, tragically, he never did get old. One of the things that is so notable about this album, for me, is just how good Bowie's vocals are.

The Loneliest Guy is a plaintive, piano and keyboard backed sombre and sad number that brings the tempo of the album down, briefly, but it is soon back up again for the riffy, Looking For Water, which, for me, has hints of some of the Never Let Me Down material from 1987 about it. It also has that cutting, Robert Fripp-style guitar all over it and a haunting, sonorous Bowie vocal.

 

She'll Drive The Big Car is a rhythmic, bassy very American-influenced, grinding song with references to "up on Riverside", "The Hudson" and "by the dawn's early light..". Again, the vocal has real Never Let Me Down era nuances to it, in places. Days is not The Kinks song, but somehow it sounds like its older brother. Again, it has a really appealing bass rhythm and yet another towering, yet somehow sad and yearning vocal.

Fall Dogs Bombs The Moon recycles that swirling, industrial sounding "Heroes" synthesiser riff in places, particularly half way through. It is a pounding, intense and bleakly rocking number. One of the best on the album. Proper drums on it too. Try Some, Buy Some is a cover of a George Harrison song from 1971. For whatever reason this one just doesn't convince me and is probably this album's It Ain't Easy. I actually don't think it's a very good song, to be rurally honest. Reality is next and a frenetic, electric rocker it is too, with airs of the material on Lodger about it for me, and some of Scary Monsters too. Something in that guitar sound.



I love the atmospheric, jazzy Mike Garson piano intro to Bring Me The Disco King  and the brushy percussion. This song was apparently a reject from 1993's Black Tie White Noise. It did indeed feature some of the jazzy influences that were present on that album. In fact, it would have sounded better on that album than on this one, maybe. Here it sounds ever so slightly incongruous after the largely upbeat material that has been before. That is a really tiny gripe, though, because I love the track. Many at the time thought this would be Bowie's last album. If it had been, it would have been a good one, and Bring Me The Disco King such a beguiling final track.

Bowie's cover of The KinksWaterloo Sunset is included on the deluxe edition and highly enjoyable it is too. Wouldn't it have been great on Pin Ups?

A REALITY TOUR (2003)


Rebel Rebel/New Killer Star/Reality/Fame/Cactus/Sister Midnight/Afraid/All The Young Dudes/Be My Wife/The Loneliest Guy/The Man Who Sold The World/Fantastic Voyage/Hallo Spaceboy/Sunday/Under Pressure/Life on Mars?/Battle For Britain (The Letter)/The Ashes/The Motel/Loving The Alien/Never Get Old/Changes/I'm Afraid Of Americans/"Heroes"/Bring Me The Disco King/Slip Away/Heathen (The Rays)/Five Years/Hang On To Yourself/Ziggy Stardust/Fall Dogs Bomb The Moon/Breaking Glass/China Girl

This is David Bowie's last official live recording, and what a great show it is. Performed before an enthusiastic crowd in Dublin, you get a two hour plus set of Bowie classics mixed with his contemporary material, all played by Bowie's superb band. The man himself is on fine form, sounding and looking healthy after a period of poor health and absence from the live concert circuit. Nobody had expected this tour and it was a really enjoyable, exhilarating surprise. Occasionally, in his between songs chat, Bowie appears to speak in an affected Irish accent, which is somewhat odd, however. Listen to it - he really does, to be sure.

  

The set kicks off with an energetic Rebel Rebel and you can feel (and hear) the crowd's excitement. The band crank it up and the sound is thumpingly big and bassy, which I love. There is a palpable "live" feeling right from the start on this release. It is actually on of Bowie's finest ever live recordings. What a shame it was to be his last. The more contemporary material is played with a vigorous and vitality of an artist and band enjoying something new. New Killer Star is a great example.

Classic Bowie songs interjected through the set are a superb, pulsating, bassy Fame; a welcome outing for All The Young Dudes (the crowd, incidentally, I am sure, cheer because they are expecting Young Americans from the introductory drum roll, just before it goes into the iconic guitar intro to Dudes); Be My Wife; an even more welcome and wonderful version of The Man Who Sold The WorldFantastic Voyage from Lodger; a most evocative Life On Mars?Ashes To Ashes; the most underrated Loving the AlienChanges; an atmospheric "Heroes" and the "Ziggy" closers of Five Years, Hang On To Yourself and Ziggy Stardust. Right at the end, Breaking Glass from Low appears, and the whole thing ends with China Girl. I like the way that every few songs, along some a classic. So he avoids losing people's interest with newer songs, but also doesn't turn it into a "greatest hits" thing either. It is a nicely balanced set.



The more modern material is, as I said earlier, very impressive. RealityI'm Afraid Of Americans and a rousing Never Get Old are highlights, as is the guitar riff-driven, muscular Pixies cover, Cactus. Another great moment is Under Pressure with Gail Ann Dorsey supplying the iconic bass line perfectly. The comparative rarity, Iggy Pop and Bowie's Sister Midnight, is delivered superbly, full of great bass, drums and lead guitar. Check out the guitar on Afraid as well. Quality all over the album.

The whole album is a pleasure to listen to (and watch on the DVD too).

THE FINAL YEARS (2013-2016)



This is the last of my phase-by-phase batches of David Bowie album reviews and covers his last two albums, plus the posthumous EP, No Plan.

THE NEXT DAY (2013)


The Next Day/Dirty Boys/The Stars (Are Out Tonight)/Love Is Lost/Where Are We Now/Valentine's Day/If You Can See Me/I'd Rather Be High/Boss of Me/Dancing Out In Space/How Does The Grass Grow?/(You Will) Set The World On Fire/You Feel So Lonely You Could Die/Heat    

This was an album nobody expected. Most had accepted that Reality would be the final studio album from the now-reclusive, not too healthy David Bowie. Just when many seemed to feel he had retired, almost unheralded, he put out this remarkable album. It had been recorded, almost in secret, over the previous few months. Personally, it is by far my favourite of the post-1990 albums. No question. This is a special album. I am not sure about the cover though, slapping the title over the old "Heroes" cover. That doesn't work for me. I would rather just a plain white cover and the title in black. That is a minor point, however.

Old mate and producer Tony Visconti tells an interesting story as to how the album was created -

"....Sterling Campbell was on drums, I was on bass, David was on keyboards, Gerry Leonard was on guitar. By the end of five days we had demoed up a dozen songs. Just structures. No lyrics, no melodies and all working titles. This is how everything begins with him. Then he took them home and we didn't hear another thing from him for four months...."

 
                                                                                                       
Even all these years later, Bowie was still working in a similar style to how he was described as having done so on both The Man Who Sold The World and Young Americans.

This is what he eventually came up with - starting with the infectious, strident The Next Day which is instantly likeable. For me, it has echoes of 87 And Cry and Time Will Crawl from 1987's unpopular Never Let Me Down and also a vague feel of some of the short tracks from Low, if they had been extended.

A favourite of mine is the solemnly atmospheric Dirty Boys, with its lyrics that in many ways seem to hark back to the late sixties material. The Stars (re Out Tonight)  is an energetic, upbeat, rhythmic number with hints of some of the Reality material about it, but the acoustic guitar underpinning it takes us way back to the early seventies. Love Is Lost is a huge track, with a thumping slow drum sound, menacing keyboards, industrial guitars and a sonorous Bowie vocal, together with portentous lyrics. It is a magnificently inscrutable yet stimulating song. Imagine this on "Heroes". A true latter-day Bowie classic.

 

The haunting, mysterious Where Are We Now evokes Berlin once more, speaking of Potsdamer Platz in a hugely atmospheric, slowly grandiose song. Let's be honest, Bowie hadn't put out stuff like this that made your spine tingle like this for years. Yes, there had been good material on the last thirty years of albums, of course there had, but anything like this? Maybe not. I remember listening to this and feeling a real excitement over a Bowie album for the first time since Scary Monsters. That is not to say I didn't like the others, I liked many of them, but this album seemed very much like a David Bowie we had not heard from for years returning. Valentine's Day is another corker. Backed by some rock 'n' roll "la-la-la" backing vocals, some excellent rock guitar and featuring some perplexing lyrics about someone called Valentine, whose identity we never knew.

The dance music rhythms experimented with on 1. Outside and Earthling return for the frantic, beats per minute, If You Can See Me. Lyrically, however, it is much stronger than some of that material, particularly that form Earthling. The remarkable thing about this album is that great tracks just keep coming. There isn't a duff track on it. The catchy I'd Rather Be High, with its dreamy sixties-influenced parts, is another one. It has a great melodic guitar riff too. "I stumbled to the graveyard and I lay down by my parents..." is a moving line from what is a largely autobiographical song.

The addictive Boss Of Me has Bowie singing over a staccato, low saxophone-influenced tune about a female boss, oddly. At this point, it is worth noting that the sound is truly excellent throughout this album - clear, warm and bassy. This song provides a good example of that.

The jaunty Dancing Out In Space keeps the quality coming with another one with Reality echoes.   It is also impossible catchy too. How Does The Grass Grow? has a searing "Heroes"-style guitar intro which continues throughout this pulsating, rocking track. It ends with some Low-style bass on the fade-out. (You Will) Set The World On Fire is an upbeat, singalong number that reminds one of the Diamond Dogs era, slightly.

You Feel So Lonely You Could Die is beautifully anthemic and, considering the near future, extremely sad. Musically, it has a sumptuous bass line. It ends, again sadly, with the introductory drumbeat from 1972's Five Years. There are echoes of Rock 'n' Roll Suicide throughout the song too.

The album ends with the somnolent Heat, with its evocative, beguiling lyric about "my father ran the prison". Was he referring to his own father, or merely writing an observational song? The latter, apparently.

The "bonus tracks" feature the sixties guitar riffage of the energetic So She; an intoxicating instrumental in Plan and the effervescent guitar-driven rock of I'll Take You There. All these tracks are up there with those on the actual album. The pounding electronic rock of Atomica from the extended Next Day Extra EP is excellent too, as is The Informer. There are some entertaining remixes too, particularly I'd Rather Be High (Venetian Mix).




BLACKSTAR (2016)


Blackstar/'Tis A Pity She Was A Whore/Lazarus/Sue (Or In A Season Of Crime)/Girl Loves Me/Dollar Days/I Can't Give Everything Away        

This, then, is David Bowie's deathbed valedictory release. For that reason, it is an extremely difficult album to review. It is just seven tracks of avant-garde jazz-influenced material. Bowie had, no doubt, wanted to do an album like this anyway, impending demise or not. Given its incredible genesis, planned meticulously by the dying Bowie, it gets lifted to a position way above the sum of its parts. It becomes a truly remarkable epitaph.
           
Blackstar is a wonderfully bleak and very atmospheric track, all full of portentous gravitas, strong drum beats, deep, sonorous saxophone parts and a typically haughty vocal from Bowie. There are also monk-like chanted backing vocals. The whole thing takes on a holy ambience. The bit where the pace suddenly changes half way through and he sings "something happened on the day he died" and the melody suddenly takes on a seventies feel is just so poignant.

'Tis A Pity She Was A Whore (taking its title, almost verbatim, from a seventeenth century John Ford drama "Tis A Pity She's A Whore"). Bowie's song bears no relation to the play and is a frantic piece of avant-garde jazz rock, with high-pitched saxophones swirling around all over the place and perplexing lyrics. It is highly enjoyable though, as too is the soulful, saxophone and guitar-driven Lazarus with its death-knell solemn drumbeat and its "look up here - I'm in Heaven.." now iconic opening line. "Everybody knows me now..." sings Bowie, plaintively, as the drums continue and the saxophone floats all around. It really is a heartbreaking listen. However, taking it out of context, and viewed objectively it is a damn good track. The end has a rubbery, intoxicating bass line and some cutting guitar breaks that enhance it even more.

 

Sue (Or In A Season Of Crime) is another lyrically mystifying one. It was released considerably earlier than the rest of the album, in October 2014, and had many scratching their heads over the seven minutes of jazz meets dance rhythm meets haunting lyrics. Not expecting Bowie's demise at that point, reaction to it was definitely mixed. They should have known Bowie better than that, by then.

Girl Loves Me is a slow-paced, mournful lament sung over a huge, powerful slow drum beat with some echoey vocals. "Where the fuck did Monday go?" questions Bowie, several times, in oddly vulgar fashion. None of the material on this album has anything like the instant appeal of the previous album, it has to be said, but that has always been the case with Bowie albums. Rarely is one just like the previous one.

Dollar Days is an endearing song, with a lovely saxophone solo and, despite its lightness of touch (compared to the other material) still carries a considerable poignancy. "I'm dying to...." sings Bowie, continually, with a profound double meaning. It segues, via some shuffling drums, into I Can't Give Everything Away, a fetching, typically Bowie song with clear echoes, I feel, of the track Never Let Me Down, particularly in its harmonica part. Some jazzy saxophone adds to the experience too. This was the final track on the final album from David Bowie. Goodbye, then, you strange, ethereal, distant man who has been part of my life from that same distance since 1972, when I bought Ziggy Stardust as a fourteen year-old. I quite like the fact that David Bowie leaves us with some adventurous jazz sounds flying around over his repeated "I can't give everything away" line. He ended on a song that pushed the boundaries. As indeed he should.

This is a bold, experimental album that would have been given critical kudos anyway, despite its sad derivation. Many, at the time, despite the situation, found it dull or needlessly experimentational. If they thought that, then they didn't understand David Bowie. It was always that way. The same people threw up their hands and shook their heads upon the release of Low. Three years on, it can be listened to with fresh ears and it has a real appeal that begs more listens.




NO PLAN (2017)


Lazarus/No Plan/Killing A Little Time/When I Met You

This was the last release of "new" studio material from the great David Bowie. Three tracks that did not appear on Blackstar and one that did. To be honest, they probably could have been included on Blackstar and added to its atmosphere.

The EP begins with the atmospheric, haunting, valedictory Lazarus from Blackstar. Most people will be familiar with this wonderful and moving track. It is soulful, saxophone and guitar-driven, with its death-knell solemn drumbeat and its "look up here - I'm in Heaven.." now iconic opening line. "Everybody knows me now..." sings Bowie, plaintively, as the drums continue and the saxophone floats all around. It really is a heartbreaking listen. However, taking it out of context, and viewed objectively it is a damn good track. The end has a rubbery, intoxicating bass line and some cutting, stabbing guitar breaks that enhance it even more.

No Plan is a sombre, plaintive and sonorous song with that typical, slightly haughty and grandiose Bowie vocal. It is beautiful too. It also has a shuffling drumbeat and that "Heroes"-style deep saxophone sound that is so very evocative.

 

The slightly angry, staccato Killing A Little Time is full of dense rhythms and a paranoid-sounding vocal from Bowie. It is full of tense instrumentation. It is a "grower" that needs listening to several times before it gets into your system, but it does get there and I now find that I really like its edginess.

When I Met You is a more instantly appealing number that summons up the spirit of Scary Monsters and Lodger, for me, anyway. It also has a feel of some of the material on The Next Day.

I said goodbye to David Bowie at the end of my review of Blackstar, so no more farewells are needed here. Bowie aficionados need this EP, though, to add to that album and complete the story of this remarkable, life-affirming artist.


DAVID BOWIE 1947-2016